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05-06-2018 | Original Article

Effects of Acute Exercise on Resting EEG in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Auteurs: Chung-Ju Huang, Ching-Wen Huang, Chiao-Ling Hung, Yu-Jung Tsai, Yu-Kai Chang, Chien-Ting Wu, Tsung-Min Hung

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 6/2018

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Abstract

This two stage study examined the effects of acute exercise on resting electroencephalographic (EEG) patterns of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The first stage compared the neural oscillatory patterns of children with and without ADHD. Resting EEGs were recorded under an open-eyes condition from 24 boys with ADHD and 28 matched controls. The second stage of the study employed a randomized cross-over trial design. The 24 boys with ADHD engaged in a 30-min intervention that consisted of either running on a treadmill or watching a video on alternative days, with resting EEGs recorded before and after treatment. The first stage found that children with ADHD exhibited significantly higher theta/beta ratios over the midline electrodes sites than controls. The second stage further indicated that children with ADHD displayed smaller theta/beta ratios following the exercise condition compared with the video-watching condition. This finding suggests that acute exercise normalizes arousal and alertness of children with ADHD, as reflected in resting EEG readings.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Effects of Acute Exercise on Resting EEG in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Auteurs
Chung-Ju Huang
Ching-Wen Huang
Chiao-Ling Hung
Yu-Jung Tsai
Yu-Kai Chang
Chien-Ting Wu
Tsung-Min Hung
Publicatiedatum
05-06-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 6/2018
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-018-0813-9

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