Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effectiveness of combining milieu therapy and functional communication training (FCT)] to replace aberrant behavior with functional communicative skills in 3 male preschool or elementary aged children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Study activities were conducted in the natural environments of the participants and parents acted as change agents. A concurrent multiple baseline design across participants was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the modified milieu therapy intervention. Results indicate that aberrant behavior decreased concurrent with an increase in total percentage of communication responses (PCR). The children maintained communication and low rates of aberrant behavior, and generalized their communication from the home to the classroom. A discussion of limitations and future research directions is included.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Chung, M. C., Jenner, L., Chamberlain, L., & Corbett, J. (1995). One year follow-up pilot study on communication skill and challenging behavior. European Journal of Psychiatry, 9, 83–95.
Durand, V. M., & Merges, E. (2001). Functional communication training: A contemporary behavior analytic intervention for problem behaviors. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 16, 110–119. CrossRef
Georgiades, S., Szatmari, P., Zweingbaum, L., Duku, E., Bryson, S., Roberts, W., et al. (2007). Structure of the autism symptom phenotype: A proposed multidimensional model. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 46, 188–196. doi: 10.1097/01.chi.0000242236.90763.7f. PubMedCrossRef
Griffiths, H., & Craighead, W. E. (1972). Generalization in operant speech therapy for misarticulation. The Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 37, 485–494. PubMed
Hart, B., & Risley, T. R. (1999). The social world of children learning to talk. Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing.
Hester, P. P., Kaiser, A. P., Alpert, C. L., & Whiteman, B. (1995). The generalized effects of training trainers to teach parents to implement milieu teaching. Journal of Early Intervention, 20(1), 30–51. CrossRef
Iwata, B. A., Dorsey, M. F., Slifer, K. J., Bauman, K. E., & Richman, G. S. (1994). Toward a functional analysis of self-injury. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 27, 197–209. (Reprinted from Analysis and Intervention in Developmental Disabilities, 2, 3–20, 1982)
Kaiser, A. P. (1993). Functional language. In M. E. Snell (Ed.), Instruction of students with severe disabilities. New York: Macmillan.
Kazdin, A. E. (1982). Single-case research designs: Methods for clinical and applied settings. New York: Oxford University Press.
Kennedy, C. H. (2005). Single-case designs for educational research. New York: Allyn and Bacon.
Lord, C., & Risi, S. (1998). Frameworks and methods in diagnosing autism spectrum disorders. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews: Special Issue: Autism, 4(2), 90–96. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1098-2779(1998)4:2≤90::AID-MRDD5≥3.0.CO;2-0 CrossRef
Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P., & Risi, S. (1999). Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
Mancil, G. R. (2006). Functional communication training: A review of the literature related to children with autism. Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities, 41, 213–224.
O’Neill, R. E., & Sweetland-Baker, M. (2001). Brief report: An assessment of stimulus generalization and contingency effects in functional communication training with two students with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31, 235–240. doi: 10.1023/A:1010711518182. PubMedCrossRef
Rutter, M., Bailey, A., & Lord, C. (2003). The social communication questionnaire. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
Schwartz, I. S. (2003). Social validity assessment: Voting on science or acknowledging the roots of applied behavior analysis? In K. S. Budd & T. Stokes (Eds.), A small matter of proof: The legacy of Donald M. Baer (pp. 53–61). New York: Context Press.
Sigafoos, J. (2000). Communication development and aberrant behavior in children with developmental disabilities. Education and Training in Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, 35, 168–176.
Sigafoos, J., Arthur-Kelly, M., & Butterfield, N. (2006). Enhancing everyday communication for children with disabilities. London: Brookes Publishing.
Skinner, B. F. (1957). Verbal behavior. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
Spradlin, J. E., & Siegel, G. M. (1982). Language training in natural and clinical environments. The Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 47, 2–6. PubMed
Wacker, D. P., Steege, M. W., Northup, J., Sasso, G., Berg, W., Reimers, T., et al. (1990). A component analysis of functional communication training across three topographies of severe behavior problems. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 23, 417–429. doi: 10.1901/jaba.1990.23-417. PubMedCrossRef
Warren, S. F., & Gazdag, G. (1990). Facilitating early language development with milieu intervention procedures. Journal of Early Intervention, 14(1), 62–86.
Yoder, P. J., et al. (1995). An exploratory comparison of milieu teaching and responsive interaction in classroom applications. Journal of Early Intervention, 19(3), 218–242.
- Effects of a Modified Milieu Therapy Intervention on the Social Communicative Behaviors of Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
G. Richmond Mancil
Maureen A. Conroy
Todd F. Haydon
- Springer US