Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Frederick M. Hecht and Jennifer Daubenmier have contributed equally as co-senior authors.
We evaluated changes in mindful eating as a potential mechanism underlying the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention for weight loss on eating of sweet foods and fasting glucose levels. We randomized 194 obese individuals (M age = 47.0 ± 12.7 years; BMI = 35.5 ± 3.6; 78 % women) to a 5.5-month diet-exercise program with or without mindfulness training. The mindfulness group, relative to the active control group, evidenced increases in mindful eating and maintenance of fasting glucose from baseline to 12-month assessment. Increases in mindful eating were associated with decreased eating of sweets and fasting glucose levels among mindfulness group participants, but this association was not statistically significant among active control group participants. Twelve-month increases in mindful eating partially mediated the effect of intervention arm on changes in fasting glucose levels from baseline to 12-month assessment. Increases in mindful eating may contribute to the effects of mindfulness-based weight loss interventions on eating of sweets and fasting glucose levels.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Baer, R. A. (2003). Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: A conceptual and empirical review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10, 125–143.
Bergomi, C., Tschacher, W., & Kupper, Z. (2013). The assessment of mindfulness with self-report measures: Existing scales and open issues. Mindfulness, 4, 191–202. CrossRef
Dalen, J., Smith, B. W., Shelley, B. M., Sloan, A. L., Leahigh, L., & Begay, D. (2010). Pilot study: Mindful Eating and Living (MEAL): Weight, eating behavior, and psychological outcomes associated with a mindfulness-based intervention for people with obesity. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 18, 260–264. CrossRefPubMed
Daubenmier, J., Moran, P. J., Kristeller, J., Acree, M., Bacchetti, P., Kemeny, M., … Hecht, F. (in press). Effects of a mindfulness-based weight loss program in obese adults: A randomized clinical trial. Obesity.
Finlayson, G., & Dalton, M. (2012). Hedonics of food consumption: Are food “liking”and “wanting”viable targets for appetite control in the obese? Current Obesity Reports, 1, 42–49. CrossRef
Gross, L. S., Li, L., Ford, E. S., & Liu, S. (2004). Increased consumption of refined carbohydrates and the epidemic of type 2 diabetes in the United States: An ecologic assessment. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 79, 774–779. PubMed
Hayes, A. F. (2009). Beyond Baron and Kenny: Statistical mediation analysis in the new millennium. Communication Monographs, 76, 408–420. CrossRef
IBM Corp. (2013). IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 22.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp.
Ismail, K., Winkley, K., & Rabe-Hesketh, S. (2004). Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials of psychological interventions to improve glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. The Lancet, 363, 1589–1597. CrossRef
Jonnalagadda, S. S., Mitchell, D. C., Smiciklas-Wright, H., Meaker, K. B., VAN Heel, N., Karmally, W., & Kris-Etherton, P. M. (2000). Accuracy of energy intake data estimated by a multiplepass, 24-hour dietary recall technique. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 100, 303–311. CrossRefPubMed
Kabat-Zinn, J., & Hanh, T. N. (2009). Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. New York: Random House LLC.
Kristeller, J. L., & Wolever, R. Q. (2010). Mindfulness-based eating awareness training for treating binge eating disorder: The conceptual foundation. Eating Disorders, 19, 49–61. CrossRef
Kristeller, J. L., Wolever, R. Q., & Sheets, V. (2013). Mindfulness-based eating awareness training (MB-EAT) for binge eating: A randomized clinical trial. Mindfulness, 5, 282–297. CrossRef
Miller, C., Kristeller, J. L., Headings, A., & Nagaraja, H. (2013). Comparison of a mindful eating intevention to a diabetes self-management intervention among adults with type 2 diabetes: A randomized controlled trial. Health Education & Behavior, 41, 145–154. CrossRef
Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2004). SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36, 717–731. CrossRef
Profiling food consumption in America. (2003). Agriculture Factbook 2001–2002 (pp. 13–21). United States Department of Agriculture.
Rosenzweig, S., Reibel, D. K., Greeson, J. M., Edman, J. S., Jasser, S. A., McMearty, K. D., & Goldstein, B. J. (2007). Mindfulness-based stress reduction is associated with improved glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus: A pilot study. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 13, 36–38. PubMed
Wansink, B. (2007). Mindless eating: Why we eat more than we think. Random House LLC.
Wells, H. F., & Buzby, J. C. (2008). Dietary assessment of major trends in US food consumption, 1970–2005. Washington: US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
Wilcox, R. R. (2012). Introduction to robust estimation and hypothesis testing. Massachusetts: Academic Press.
Willett, W. (2012). Nutritional epidemiology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
- Effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on mindful eating, sweets consumption, and fasting glucose levels in obese adults: data from the SHINE randomized controlled trial
Ashley E. Mason
Elissa S. Epel
Patricia J. Moran
Robert H. Lustig
Barbara A. Laraia
Frederick M. Hecht
- Springer US