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24-05-2019 | Original Paper | Uitgave 9/2019 Open Access

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2019

Effectiveness of Parent Education in Pivotal Response Treatment on Pivotal and Collateral Responses

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 9/2019
Auteurs:
Rianne Verschuur, Bibi Huskens, Robert Didden
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10803-019-04061-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Abstract

In two studies, we investigated the effectiveness of parent education in Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) on parent-created opportunities and spontaneous child initiations in two community-based treatment facilities for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Changes in parental stress and self-efficacy were explored. Participants were 26 parents and their children who participated in group (Study 1) or individual (Study 2) parent education in PRT. Results indicated that group-based parent education resulted in moderate increases in opportunities, functional initiations, and empathic social initiations. Furthermore, parental stress reduced and self-efficacy increased. Individual parent education resulted in large increases in opportunities and functional initiations, but parental stress and self-efficacy did not change. Implications for clinical practice and directions for future research are discussed.

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