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28-10-2020 | Original Paper | Uitgave 9/2021

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2021

Effectiveness of Adaptive Care Plans for Children with Developmental Disabilities During Outpatient Clinic Appointments

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 9/2021
Auteurs:
Melissa Liddle, Tammy L. Sonnentag
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Abstract

Children with developmental disabilities require more medical experiences than typically-developing children and struggle to cooperate with healthcare encounters. Adaptive care plans, delivered by child life specialists, are individualized patient-centered plans created to address the challenges that children with developmental disabilities experience. The current study evaluated if adaptive care plans affect the psychosocial outcomes of children with ASD compared to those with other developmental disabilities. One-hundred and sixty children between 3 and 18 years of age (child’s Mage = 8.10, SD = 3.75) participated. Although children with developmental disabilities who had adaptive care plans did not generally experience less psychosocial distress; children with ASD who had adaptive care plans experienced fewer challenges with anxiety and coping compared to children with ASD who did not have adaptive care plans.

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