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2013 | OriginalPaper | Hoofdstuk

Eetgedrag van ouderen: regulatie van voedselinname

(december 2010)

Auteurs: MSc S.J.G.M. van der Staak, PhD R.M.A.J. Ruijschop

Uitgeverij: Bohn Stafleu van Loghum

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Abstract

Bij het ouder worden neemt de energiebehoefte af. De daling van de voedselinname is echter groter dan verklaard kan worden door een verminderde energiebehoefte. Hieraan ligt het verouderingsproces ten grondslag, waarbij fysiologische en psychologische veranderingen de regulatie van voedselinname verstoren. Zo vermindert in meer of mindere mate de zintuiglijke waarneming waardoor ouderen minder geur en smaak ervaren. Daarnaast daalt de speekselproductie, neemt de kauw- en slikkracht af en zijn de tongbewegingen minder krachtig. Hierdoor geven ouderen vaak de voorkeur aan vloeibare of zachte voedingsmiddelen. Bovendien zorgen fysiologische veranderingen, zoals hormonale en musculaire veranderingen ervoor dat ouderen eerder een verzadigd gevoel ervaren. Samen met sociale factoren vormen de lichamelijke factoren, de zintuiglijke waarneming en voedselvoorkeuren een geïntegreerd complex waardoor een geïntegreerde aanpak noodzakelijk is om ondervoeding bij ouderen te voorkomen.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Eetgedrag van ouderen: regulatie van voedselinname
Auteurs
MSc S.J.G.M. van der Staak
PhD R.M.A.J. Ruijschop
Copyright
2013
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-368-0510-0_41