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2014 | OriginalPaper | Hoofdstuk

2. ‘Eerst ben ik gestopt met drugsgebruik’

Desistance versus proces van herstel bij drugsgebruikende delinquenten

Auteurs: Freya Vander Laenen, Charlotte Colman, Valérie Smet

Gepubliceerd in: Herstel binnen de verslavingszorg

Uitgeverij: Bohn Stafleu van Loghum

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Samenvatting

Hoe kijken delinquenten die tevens drugs gebruiken naar het proces van stoppen met criminaliteit en stoppen met drugsgebruik? Dat was de centrale vraag van ons onderzoek, waarvoor we veertig ex-criminele ex-drugsgebruikers interviewden. We gebruikten de cognitieve transformatietheorie van Giordano, Cernkovich en Rudolph (2002) als uitgangspunt. Zij stellen dat het desistance-proces tweeledig is: het proces van het stoppen met criminaliteit (‘desistance’) en het proces van het stoppen met drugsgebruik (‘recovery’). Onze onderzoeksresultaten tonen echter dat de drugsgebruikende delinquenten zichzelf als drugsgebruikers zien en niet als criminelen. Stoppen met criminaliteit is ondergeschikt aan het proces van herstel; zij stellen dat zodra het drugsgebruik onder controle is, het stoppen met criminaliteit vanzelf volgt. In de discussie bespreken we de implicaties van de onderzoeksresultaten voor verder onderzoek en voor de praktijk.
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Metagegevens
Titel
‘Eerst ben ik gestopt met drugsgebruik’
Auteurs
Freya Vander Laenen
Charlotte Colman
Valérie Smet
Copyright
2014
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-368-0794-4_2