Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 8/2007

01-11-2007 | Original Paper

Educational Aspirations of Male and Female Adolescents from Single-Parent and Two Biological Parent Families: A Comparison of Influential Factors

Auteurs: Rashmi Garg, Stella Melanson, Elizabeth Levin

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 8/2007

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Youth from single-parent families report lower educational aspirations than those from two-parent families. This study explored the influence of background factors (gender, grade, parental education and SES), parental involvement with education, academic self-concept, and peer influences on educational aspirations. The participants were Canadian adolescents; 2751 from two parent and 681 from single-parent families. ANOVA results showed that adolescents from single-parent families scored significantly lower than adolescents from intact families on educational aspirations, and other predictor variables. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that the pattern of relationships between educational aspirations and other factors was very similar for adolescents from both types of families; namely academic self-concept significantly predicted educational aspirations. The family involvement and background factors predicted educational aspirations via academic self-concept. Having academically oriented peers was especially beneficial to adolescents from single-parent families. Implications for intervention programs are discussed.
Literatuur
go back to reference Amato PR (1994) Father-child relations, mother-child relations, and offspring psychological well-being in early adulthood. J Marriage Fam 56(4):1031–1042 CrossRef Amato PR (1994) Father-child relations, mother-child relations, and offspring psychological well-being in early adulthood. J Marriage Fam 56(4):1031–1042 CrossRef
go back to reference Argys LM, Peters HE, Brookes-Gunn J, Smith JR (1998) The impact of child support on cognitive o outcomes of young children. Demography 35:159–73 PubMedCrossRef Argys LM, Peters HE, Brookes-Gunn J, Smith JR (1998) The impact of child support on cognitive o outcomes of young children. Demography 35:159–73 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Astone NM, McLanahan S (1991) Family structure, parental practices, and high school completion. Am Sociol Rev 56:309–320 CrossRef Astone NM, McLanahan S (1991) Family structure, parental practices, and high school completion. Am Sociol Rev 56:309–320 CrossRef
go back to reference Barnes GM, Farrell MP (1992) Parental support and control as predictors of adolescent drinking, delinquency, and related problem behaviors. J Marriage Fam 54:763–776 CrossRef Barnes GM, Farrell MP (1992) Parental support and control as predictors of adolescent drinking, delinquency, and related problem behaviors. J Marriage Fam 54:763–776 CrossRef
go back to reference Baumrind D (1971) Current patterns of parental authority. Dev Psychol Monogr 4(Pt. 2):99–102 CrossRef Baumrind D (1971) Current patterns of parental authority. Dev Psychol Monogr 4(Pt. 2):99–102 CrossRef
go back to reference Bigelow B, Zhou R (2001) Relational scaffolding of school motivation: Developmental continuities in students’ and parents’ ratings of the importance of school goals. J Genet Psychol 162(1):75–92 PubMed Bigelow B, Zhou R (2001) Relational scaffolding of school motivation: Developmental continuities in students’ and parents’ ratings of the importance of school goals. J Genet Psychol 162(1):75–92 PubMed
go back to reference Blishen BR, Carroll WK, Moore C (1987). The 1981 socioeconomic index for occupations in Canada. Can Rev Sociol Anthropol 24:465–488 CrossRef Blishen BR, Carroll WK, Moore C (1987). The 1981 socioeconomic index for occupations in Canada. Can Rev Sociol Anthropol 24:465–488 CrossRef
go back to reference Bowlby J, McMullen K (2002) At a crossroads: First results for the 18 to 20-year-old cohort of the youth in transition survey. HRDC Publications. Hull, Quebec, Can Bowlby J, McMullen K (2002) At a crossroads: First results for the 18 to 20-year-old cohort of the youth in transition survey. HRDC Publications. Hull, Quebec, Can
go back to reference Conger RD, Ge X, Elder GH Jr, Lorenz RO, Simons RL (1994) Economic stress, coercive family process, and developmental problems of adolescents. Child Dev 65:541–561 PubMedCrossRef Conger RD, Ge X, Elder GH Jr, Lorenz RO, Simons RL (1994) Economic stress, coercive family process, and developmental problems of adolescents. Child Dev 65:541–561 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Corak M (1999) Death and divorce: The long-term consequences of parental loss on adolescents. Family and Labour Studies. Statistics Canada Corak M (1999) Death and divorce: The long-term consequences of parental loss on adolescents. Family and Labour Studies. Statistics Canada
go back to reference Dornbusch S, Ritter P, Leiderman P, Roberts D, Fraleigh M (1987) The relation of parenting style to adolescent school performance. Child Dev 58:1244–1257 PubMedCrossRef Dornbusch S, Ritter P, Leiderman P, Roberts D, Fraleigh M (1987) The relation of parenting style to adolescent school performance. Child Dev 58:1244–1257 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Duran BJ, Weffer RE (1992) Immigrants’ applications, high school process, and academic outcomes. Am Educ Res J 29(1):163–181 CrossRef Duran BJ, Weffer RE (1992) Immigrants’ applications, high school process, and academic outcomes. Am Educ Res J 29(1):163–181 CrossRef
go back to reference Farmer HS (1985) Model of career achievement motivation for women and men. J Couns Psychol 32(3):363–390 CrossRef Farmer HS (1985) Model of career achievement motivation for women and men. J Couns Psychol 32(3):363–390 CrossRef
go back to reference Fuligni A, Eccles J (1993) Perceived parent-child relationships and early adolescents’ orientation toward peers. Dev Psychol 29:622–632 CrossRef Fuligni A, Eccles J (1993) Perceived parent-child relationships and early adolescents’ orientation toward peers. Dev Psychol 29:622–632 CrossRef
go back to reference Funder K, Kinsella S (1991) Divorce, change and children: Effects of changing family structure and income on children. Fam Matters 30:20–23 Funder K, Kinsella S (1991) Divorce, change and children: Effects of changing family structure and income on children. Fam Matters 30:20–23
go back to reference Garg R, Kauppi C, Lewko J, Urajnik D (2002) A structural model of educational aspirations. J Career Dev 29(2):87–108 CrossRef Garg R, Kauppi C, Lewko J, Urajnik D (2002) A structural model of educational aspirations. J Career Dev 29(2):87–108 CrossRef
go back to reference Goodnow C (1993) Classroom belonging among early adolescent studies: Relationship to motivation and achievement. J Early Adolesc 13:21–24 CrossRef Goodnow C (1993) Classroom belonging among early adolescent studies: Relationship to motivation and achievement. J Early Adolesc 13:21–24 CrossRef
go back to reference Grolnick W, Ryan R, Deci R (1997) Internalization within the family: The self-determination theory perspective. In: Grusec J, Kuczynski L (eds) Parenting and children's internalizations of values. Wiley, Toronto Grolnick W, Ryan R, Deci R (1997) Internalization within the family: The self-determination theory perspective. In: Grusec J, Kuczynski L (eds) Parenting and children's internalizations of values. Wiley, Toronto
go back to reference Grolnick W, Slowiaczek M (1994) Parents’ involvement in children's schooling: A multidimensional conceptualization and motivational model. Child Dev 65:237–252 PubMedCrossRef Grolnick W, Slowiaczek M (1994) Parents’ involvement in children's schooling: A multidimensional conceptualization and motivational model. Child Dev 65:237–252 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hauser R, Sewell W (1986) Family effects in simple models of education, occupational status, and earnings: Findings from the Wisconsin and Kalamazoo studies. J Labor Econ 4:S83–S115 CrossRef Hauser R, Sewell W (1986) Family effects in simple models of education, occupational status, and earnings: Findings from the Wisconsin and Kalamazoo studies. J Labor Econ 4:S83–S115 CrossRef
go back to reference Hetherington EM (2002) For better or for worse: Divorce. Norton, New York Hetherington EM (2002) For better or for worse: Divorce. Norton, New York
go back to reference Hetherington EM, Bridges M, Isabella GM (1998) What matters? What does not? Five perspectives on the association between marital transitions and children's adjustment. Am Psychol 53:167–184 PubMedCrossRef Hetherington EM, Bridges M, Isabella GM (1998) What matters? What does not? Five perspectives on the association between marital transitions and children's adjustment. Am Psychol 53:167–184 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hetherington EM, Cox M, Cox R (1982) Effects of divorce on parents and children. In: Lamb M (ed) Nontraditional families. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, pp 223–285 Hetherington EM, Cox M, Cox R (1982) Effects of divorce on parents and children. In: Lamb M (ed) Nontraditional families. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, pp 223–285
go back to reference Hetherington EM, Stanley-Hagen M (2002) Parenting in divorced and remarried families. In: Bornstein M (ed) Handbook of parenting, Vol. 3: Being and becoming a parent, 2nd edn. Erlbaum, Mahwah, NJ, pp 287–315 Hetherington EM, Stanley-Hagen M (2002) Parenting in divorced and remarried families. In: Bornstein M (ed) Handbook of parenting, Vol. 3: Being and becoming a parent, 2nd edn. Erlbaum, Mahwah, NJ, pp 287–315
go back to reference Kaplan LS (1993) Coping with peer pressure, 1st edn. Rosen Publishing Group, New York Kaplan LS (1993) Coping with peer pressure, 1st edn. Rosen Publishing Group, New York
go back to reference Lamborn S, Mounts N, Steinberg L, Dornbush S (1991) Patterns of competence and adjustment among adolescents from authoritative, authoritatian, indulgent, and neglectful homes. Child Dev 62:1049–1065 PubMedCrossRef Lamborn S, Mounts N, Steinberg L, Dornbush S (1991) Patterns of competence and adjustment among adolescents from authoritative, authoritatian, indulgent, and neglectful homes. Child Dev 62:1049–1065 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mahoney JS, Merritt SR (1993) Educational hopes of Black and White high school seniors in Virginia. J Educ Res 87:31–38 CrossRef Mahoney JS, Merritt SR (1993) Educational hopes of Black and White high school seniors in Virginia. J Educ Res 87:31–38 CrossRef
go back to reference Markus H (1977) Self-schemata and processing information about the self. J Pers Soc Psychol 35(2):63–78 CrossRef Markus H (1977) Self-schemata and processing information about the self. J Pers Soc Psychol 35(2):63–78 CrossRef
go back to reference Mau W-C, Bikos LH (2000) Educational and vocational aspirations of minority and female students: A longitudinal study. J Couns Dev 78:186–194 Mau W-C, Bikos LH (2000) Educational and vocational aspirations of minority and female students: A longitudinal study. J Couns Dev 78:186–194
go back to reference McLanahan S, Booth K (1989) Mother-only families: Problems, prospects, and politics. J Marriage Fam 51:557–580 CrossRef McLanahan S, Booth K (1989) Mother-only families: Problems, prospects, and politics. J Marriage Fam 51:557–580 CrossRef
go back to reference Plucker JA (1998) The relationship between school climate conditions and student aspirations. J Educ Res 91(4):240–246 Plucker JA (1998) The relationship between school climate conditions and student aspirations. J Educ Res 91(4):240–246
go back to reference Plucker JA, Quaglia RJ (1998) The Student Aspirations Survey: Assessing student effort and goals. Educ Psychol Meas 58(2):252–257 CrossRef Plucker JA, Quaglia RJ (1998) The Student Aspirations Survey: Assessing student effort and goals. Educ Psychol Meas 58(2):252–257 CrossRef
go back to reference Reynolds AJ, Walberg HJ (1991) A structural model of science achievement. J Educ Psychol 83:97–107 CrossRef Reynolds AJ, Walberg HJ (1991) A structural model of science achievement. J Educ Psychol 83:97–107 CrossRef
go back to reference Rodriguez H, Arnold C (1998) Children and divorce: A snapshot. Center for Law and Social Policy, Inc Rodriguez H, Arnold C (1998) Children and divorce: A snapshot. Center for Law and Social Policy, Inc
go back to reference Rosenzweig CJ (2000) A meta-analysis of parenting and school success: The role of parents in promoting students’ academic performance. Dissertation Abstr Int Sec A: Humanit Soc Sci 61(4A):1636 Rosenzweig CJ (2000) A meta-analysis of parenting and school success: The role of parents in promoting students’ academic performance. Dissertation Abstr Int Sec A: Humanit Soc Sci 61(4A):1636
go back to reference Seginer R, Vermulst AD (2002) Family environment, educational aspirations, and academic achievement in two cultural settings. J Cross-Cultural Psychol 33(6):540–558 CrossRef Seginer R, Vermulst AD (2002) Family environment, educational aspirations, and academic achievement in two cultural settings. J Cross-Cultural Psychol 33(6):540–558 CrossRef
go back to reference Statistics Canada (2005) Census families, number and average size. www40.statcan.ca/101/cst01/famil40.htm?sdi=parent Statistics Canada (2005) Census families, number and average size. www40.statcan.ca/101/cst01/famil40.htm?sdi=parent
go back to reference Steinberg L, Mounts N, Lamborn S, Dornbusch S (1991) Authoritative parenting and adolescent adjustment across various ecological niches. J Res Adolesc 1:19–36 Steinberg L, Mounts N, Lamborn S, Dornbusch S (1991) Authoritative parenting and adolescent adjustment across various ecological niches. J Res Adolesc 1:19–36
go back to reference Teachman JD, Paasch K (1998) The family and educational aspirations. J Marriage Fam 60:704–714 CrossRef Teachman JD, Paasch K (1998) The family and educational aspirations. J Marriage Fam 60:704–714 CrossRef
go back to reference Trusty J (1998) Family influences on educational expectations of late adolescents. J Educ Res 91(5):260–270 CrossRef Trusty J (1998) Family influences on educational expectations of late adolescents. J Educ Res 91(5):260–270 CrossRef
go back to reference University of Maine (1994) Student aspirations: A decade of inquiry, 1984–1994. Center for Research and Evaluation, College of Education, University of Maine, Orono University of Maine (1994) Student aspirations: A decade of inquiry, 1984–1994. Center for Research and Evaluation, College of Education, University of Maine, Orono
go back to reference Wallerstein J (1991) The long-term effects of divorce on children: A review. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 3:349–360 CrossRef Wallerstein J (1991) The long-term effects of divorce on children: A review. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 3:349–360 CrossRef
go back to reference Wallerstein J, Kelly J (1980) Surviving the breakup: How children and parents cope with divorce. Basic Books, New York Wallerstein J, Kelly J (1980) Surviving the breakup: How children and parents cope with divorce. Basic Books, New York
go back to reference Wentzel KR (1998) Parents’ aspirations for children's educational attainments: Relations to parental beliefs and social address variables. Merrill-Palmer Q 44(1):20–37 Wentzel KR (1998) Parents’ aspirations for children's educational attainments: Relations to parental beliefs and social address variables. Merrill-Palmer Q 44(1):20–37
go back to reference West EM, Sweeting P, Richards M (2000) Teenage family life, life chances, life styles and health: A comparison of two contemporary cohorts. Int J Law, Policy, Fam 14(1):1–30 CrossRef West EM, Sweeting P, Richards M (2000) Teenage family life, life chances, life styles and health: A comparison of two contemporary cohorts. Int J Law, Policy, Fam 14(1):1–30 CrossRef
go back to reference Zuckerman D (1981) Family background, sex role attitudes, and life goals of technical college and university students. Sex Roles 7:1109–1126 CrossRef Zuckerman D (1981) Family background, sex role attitudes, and life goals of technical college and university students. Sex Roles 7:1109–1126 CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Educational Aspirations of Male and Female Adolescents from Single-Parent and Two Biological Parent Families: A Comparison of Influential Factors
Auteurs
Rashmi Garg
Stella Melanson
Elizabeth Levin
Publicatiedatum
01-11-2007
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 8/2007
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-006-9137-3