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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 2/2020

24-11-2019 | Empirical Research

Eating Disorder Symptomatology in Adolescent Boys and Girls: Identifying Distinct Developmental Trajectory Classes

Auteurs: Margaux Verschueren, Laurence Claes, Nina Palmeroni, Annabel Bogaerts, Amarendra Gandhi, Philip Moons, Koen Luyckx

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 2/2020

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Abstract

Eating disorder symptomatology is highly prevalent in adolescence and is regarded one of the most important precursors of clinical eating disorders. The present longitudinal study examined the development of eating disorder symptomatology in adolescents over two years. At Time 1,528 high school students filled out self-report questionnaires (50.5% female; Mage = 15 years). Multivariate latent growth curve modeling and latent class growth analyses were performed to model latent trajectories and to identify latent trajectory classes. Stable trajectories of drive for thinness and body dissatisfaction were found, whereas bulimia and BMI increased over time. Important gender differences pointed to girls experiencing more eating disorder symptoms at each time point. Additionally, more diverse trajectory classes were found in girls than in boys. Finally, classes with the most eating disorder symptoms also experienced the most problems in identity development, internalizing symptoms, and the least effortful control. The present study underscores the importance of identifying vulnerable adolescents that experience greater eating disorder symptomatology, as they also seem to experience the worst psychosocial development.

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Voetnoten
1
More information can be obtained from the first author.
 
2
Details about all specific models that were tested in this study (which parameters were included and/or constrained), can be requested from the first author.
 
3
When conducting the LGC model with BMI, a significant increase can be found in both girls and boys (Interceptgirls = 19.85, Slopegirls = 0.63, Interceptboys = 19.65, Slopeboys = 0.63), mirroring earlier research (Bucchianeri et al. 2013).
 
4
Virtually the same latent classes emerged in girls and boys when including BMI instead of adjusted BMI. More information can be requested from the first author.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Eating Disorder Symptomatology in Adolescent Boys and Girls: Identifying Distinct Developmental Trajectory Classes
Auteurs
Margaux Verschueren
Laurence Claes
Nina Palmeroni
Annabel Bogaerts
Amarendra Gandhi
Philip Moons
Koen Luyckx
Publicatiedatum
24-11-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 2/2020
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-019-01174-0