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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 1/2007

01-01-2007 | Original Paper

Early Social and Emotional Communication in the Infant Siblings of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: An Examination of the Broad Phenotype

Auteurs: Tricia D. Cassel, Daniel S. Messinger, Lisa V. Ibanez, John D. Haltigan, Susan I. Acosta, Albert C. Buchman

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 1/2007

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Abstract

Infants with older siblings with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD-sibs) are at risk for socioemotional difficulties. ASD-sibs were compared to infants with typically developing older siblings (TD-sibs) using the face-to-face/still-face (FFSF) at 6 months and the Early Social Communication Scale (ESCS) at 8, 10, 12, 15, and/or 18 months. ASD-sibs smiled for a lower proportion of the FFSF than TD-sibs and lacked emotional continuity between episodes. With respect to TD-sibs, ASD-sibs engaged in lower rates of initiating joint attention at 15 months, lower rates of higher-level behavioral requests at 12 months, and responded to fewer joint attention bids at 18 months. The results suggest subtle, inconsistent, but multi-faceted deficits in emotional expression and referential communication in infants at-risk for ASDs.

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Voetnoten
1
Levene’s Test indicated a significant difference between group variances, prompting the correction evident in the non-integer df.
 
2
Levene’s Test indicated a significant difference between group variances, prompting the correction evident in the non-integer df.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Early Social and Emotional Communication in the Infant Siblings of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: An Examination of the Broad Phenotype
Auteurs
Tricia D. Cassel
Daniel S. Messinger
Lisa V. Ibanez
John D. Haltigan
Susan I. Acosta
Albert C. Buchman
Publicatiedatum
01-01-2007
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 1/2007
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0337-1