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23-04-2020 | Original Paper | Uitgave 12/2020 Open Access

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 12/2020

Early Motor Differences in Infants at Elevated Likelihood of Autism Spectrum Disorder and/or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 12/2020
Auteurs:
Jannath Begum Ali, Tony Charman, Mark H. Johnson, Emily J. H. Jones, and the BASIS/STAARS Team
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10803-020-04489-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Mark H. Johnson and Emily J. H. Jones are joint senior authors.
BASIS/STAARS Team members listed in the Acknowledgements section.

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

We investigated infant’s manual motor behaviour; specifically behaviours crossing the body midline. Infants at elevated likelihood of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and/or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) produced fewer manual behaviours that cross the midline compared to infants with a typical likelihood of developing these disorders; however this effect was limited to 10-month-olds and not apparent at age 5 and 14 months. Although, midline crossing did not predict ASD traits, it was related to ADHD traits at 2 years of age. We rule out motor ability and hand dominance as possible explanations for this pattern of behaviour, positing that these results may be a consequence of multisensory integration abilities, and the neurobehavioural shift period, in the first year of life.

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