Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This study examined the dynamic relationships between child, parenting, and family-related predictor variables and early childhood externalising behaviour problems. A community sample of 395 Australian children was followed longitudinally, and assessed at 4 and 6 years with the Child Behavior Checklist, Teacher Report Form, and standard measures of parenting, temperament, and familial adversity. Variables based on the average scores across the two assessments and the change in scores between assessments were utilised as predictors of parent-reported and teacher-reported externalising behaviour problems at age 6. It was hypothesised that both higher average scores and more detrimental changes in scores, would independently predict externalising problems at age 6. Multivariable analyses found that the presence of parent-reported child externalising problems in six-year-olds were predicted by: (i) the presence of parent-reported child externalising problems at age 4, (ii) higher average “teacher-reported child externalising behaviour,” “inflexible temperament,” “non-persistent temperament,” and “over-reactive parenting,” and (iii) an increased “inflexible temperament” score between age 4 and age 6. The presence of teacher-reported child externalising problems at age 6 was predicted by higher average “parent-reported child externalising behaviour,” and “over-reactive parenting.” The results provide further evidence of the adverse impact of continuing high levels of temperament difficulties and over-reactive parenting on externalising behaviour in early childhood. However, contrary to expectations, the contribution of including the dynamic change scores was limited.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Achenbach, T. (1998). Provisional child behaviour checklist age 1.5–5. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry.
Achenbach, T., & Rescorla, L. (2000). Manual for the ASEBA preschool forms & profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth & Families.
Achenbach, T., & Rescorla, L. (2001). Manual for the ASEBA school-age forms & profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth & Families.
American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Arnold, D., O’Leary, S., Wolff, L., & Acker, M. (1993). The Parenting Scale: A measure of dysfunctional parenting in discipline situations. Psychological Assessment, 5(2), 137–144. CrossRef
Australian Bureau of Statistics (2004). Catalogue 4442.0: Family characteristics Australia, 2003. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.
Campbell, S. (1995). Behavior problems in preschool children: A review of recent research. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 36(1), 73–112.
Campbell, S. (2002). Behaviour problems in preschool children: Clinical and developmental issues (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
Campbell, S., Pierce, E., Moore, G., Marakovitz, S., & Newby, K. (1996). Boys’ externalizing problems at elementary school age: Pathways from early behavior problems, maternal control, and family stress. Development and Psychopathology, 8, 701– 719.
Collins, L. (1991). Measurement in longitudinal research. In L. Collins & J. Horn (Eds.), Best methods for the analysis of change (pp. 137–148). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Cummings, E., & Davies, P. (1994). Maternal depression and child development. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 35(1), 73–112. PubMed
Dadds, M. R. (1994). Families, children, and the development of dysfunction. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications Inc.
Earls, F., & Mezzacappa, E. (2002). Conduct and oppositional disorders. In M. Rutter & E. Taylor (Eds.), Child and adolescent psychiatry: Modern approaches (4th ed., pp. 419–436). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
Fergusson, D. (1998). Stability and change in externalising behaviours. European Archives of Psychiatry, 248, 4–14. CrossRef
Goldberg, D. (1978). Manual of the General Health Questionnaire. Windsor: NFER Nelson.
Granic, I. (2005). Timing is everything: Developmental psychopathology from a dynamic systems perspective. Developmental Review, 25, 386–407. CrossRef
Hawkins, J., Herrenkohl, T., Farrington, D., Brewer, D., Catalano, R., & Harachi, T. (1998). A review of predictors of youth violence. In R. Loeber & D. Farrington (Eds.), Serious and violent juvenile offenders: Risk factors and successful interventions (pp. 106–146). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications Inc.
Lavigne, J., Arend, R., Rosenbaum, D., Smith, A., Weissbluth, M., Binns, H., & Christoffel, K. (1998). Psychiatric disorders with onset in the preschool years: II. Correlates and predictors of stable case status. Journal of The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37(12), 1255–1261. PubMedCrossRef
Letcher, P., Toumbourou, J., Sanson, A., Prior, M., Smart, D., & Oberklaid, F. (2004). Parenting style as a moderator of the effect of temperament on adolescent externalising and internalising behaviour problems. Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, 19–20, 5–34.
McDowell, I., & Newell, C. (1996). Measuring health: A guide to rating scales and questionnaires (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
Mesman, J., & Koot, H. (2001). Early Preschool Predictor of Preadolescent Internalizing and Externalizing DSM-IV Diagnoses. Journal of American Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40(9), 1029–1036. CrossRef
Offord, D., Kraemer, H., Kazdin, A., Jensen, P., & Harrington, R. (1998). Lowering the Burden of Suffering From Child Psychatric Disorder: Trade-Offs Among Clinical, Targeted, and Universal Interventions. Journal of The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37(7), 686–694. PubMedCrossRef
Paterson, G., & Sanson, A. (1999). The association of behavioural adjustment to temperament, parenting and family characteristics among 5 year old children. Social Development, 8, 293–309. CrossRef
Patterson, G. (1982). Coercive family process. Eugene: Castalia Publishing.
Patterson, G., Reid, J., & Dishion, T. (1992). Antisocial Boys: A Social Interactional Approach (Vol. 4). Eugene, OR: Castalia Publishing Company.
Persson, R., & Orbaek, P. (2003). The influence of personality traits on neuropsychological test performance and self-reported health and social context in women. Personality and Individual Differences, 34, 295–313. CrossRef
Prior, M., Sanson, A., Smart, D., & Oberklaid, F. (2000). Pathways from Infancy to Adolescence: Australian Temperament Project 1983–2000, Research Report No. 4. Melbourne: Australian Institute of Family Studies.
Prior, M., Smart, D., Sanson, A., Pedlow, R., & Oberklaid, F. (1992). Transient Versus Stable Behaviour Problems in a Normative Sample: Infancy to School Age. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 17(4), 423–443. PubMed
Sameroff, A. (2000). Dialectical processes in developmental psycpathology. In A. Sameroff & M. Lewis & S. Miller (Eds.), Handbook of developmental psychopathology (2nd ed., pp. 23–40). New York: Plenum Press.
Sanson, A. (1996). Child Rearing Questionnaire. Melbourne: University of Melbourne (Unpublished Manual).
Sanson, A., Smart, D., Prior, M., Oberklaid, F., & Pedlow, R. (1994). The structure of temperament from three to seven years: Age, sex and sociodemographic influences. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 40, 233–252.
Sawyer, M., Arney, F., Baghurst, P., Clark, J., Graetz, B., Kosky, R., Nurcombe, B., Patton, G., Prior, M., Raphael, B., Rey, J., Whaites, L., & Zubrick, S. (2000). Child and Adolescent Component: National Survey of Mental Health and Well-Being. Canberra: Mental Health and Special Programs Branch, Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care.
Sawyer, M., Arney, F., Baghurst, P., Clark, J., Graetz, B., Kosky, R., Nurcombe, B., Patton, G., Prior, M., Raphael, B., Rey, J., Whaites, L., & Zubrick, S. (2001). The mental health of young people in Australia: Key findings from the Child and Adolescent Component of the National Survey of Mental Health and Well-Being. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 35, 806–814. PubMedCrossRef
Scott, S., Knapp, M., Henderson, J., & Maughan, B. (2001). Financial cost of social exclusion: follow up study of antisocial children into adulthood. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed), 323, 1–5. CrossRef
Shaw, D., Bell, RQ., Gilliom, M. (2000). A truly early starter model of antisocial behavior revisted. Clinical Child and Familu Psychology Review, 3(3), 155–172. CrossRef
Shaw, D., Owens, E., Vondra, J., Keenan, K., & Winslow, E. (1996). Early risk factors and pathways in the development of early disruptive behavior problems. Development and Psychopathology, 8, 679–699. CrossRef
Tabachnick, B., & Fidell, L. (2001). Using multivariate statistics (4th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Thernlund, G., & Samuelsson, M. (1993). Parental social support and child behaviour problems in different populations and socioeconomic groups: a methodological study. Social Sciences and Medicine, 36(3), 353–360. CrossRef
Thomas, A., & Chess, A. (1977). Temperament and development. New York: Brunner and Mazel.
Tremblay, R., Pihl, R., Vitaro, F., & Dobkin, P. (1994). Predicting early onset of male antisocial behaviour from preschool behaviour. Archives of General Psychiatry, 51, 732–739. PubMed
Unden, A., & Orth-Gomer, K. (1989). Development of a social support instrument for use in population surveys. Social Sciences and Medicine, 29(12), 1387–1392. CrossRef
van Geert, P., & Steenbeek, H. (2005). Explaining after by before: Basic aspects of a dynamic systems approach to the study of development. Developmental Review, 25, 408–442. CrossRef
Vassallo, A., Smart, D., Sanson, A., Dussuyer, I., McKendry, B., Toumbourou, J., Prior, M., & Oberklaid, F. (2002). Patterns and precursors of adolescent anitsocial behaviour: The first report. Melbourne: Australian Institute of Family Studies and Crime Prevention Victoria.
Verhulst, F., & Koot, H. (1995). The epidemiology of child and adolescent psychopathology. London: Oxford University Press.
- Early Childhood Externalising Behaviour Problems: Child, Parenting, and Family-related Predictors Over Time
Lauren R. Miller-Lewis
Peter A. Baghurst
Michael G. Sawyer
Margot R. Prior
Jennifer J. Clark
Fiona M. Arney
Josephine A. Carbone
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers