Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10802-016-0134-z) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
This study examined friendship (de-)selection processes in early adolescence. Pubertal development was examined as a potential moderator. It was expected that pubertal development would be associated with an increased tendency for adolescents to select their friends based on their similarities in externalizing behavior engagement (i.e., delinquency, alcohol use, and tobacco use). Data were used from the first three waves of the SNARE (Social Network Analysis of Risk behavior in Early adolescence) study (N = 1144; 50 % boys; M age = 12.7; SD = 0.47), including students who entered the first year of secondary school. The hypothesis was tested using Stochastic Actor-Based Modeling in SIENA. While taking the network structure into account, and controlling for peer influence effects, the results supported this hypothesis. Early adolescents with higher pubertal development were as likely as their peers to select friends based on similarity in externalizing behavior and especially likely to remain friends with peers who had a similar level of externalizing behavior, and thus break friendship ties with dissimilar friends in this respect. As early adolescents are actively engaged in reorganizing their social context, adolescents with a higher pubertal development are especially likely to lose friendships with peers who do not engage in externalizing behavior, thus losing an important source of adaptive social control (i.e., friends who do not engage in externalizing behavior).
Kerr, M., Stattin, H., & Kiesner, J. (2007). Peer and problem behaviour: have we missed something? In R. C. M. E. Engels, M. Kerr, & H. Stattin (Eds.), Friends lovers and groups: key relationships in adolescence (pp. 125–153). London: Wiley.
Lynne, S. D., Graber, J. A., Nichols, T. R., Brooks-Gunn, J., & Botvin, G. J. (2007). Links between pubertal timing, peer influences, and externalizing behaviors among urban students followed through middle school. The Journal of Adolescent Health, 40, 181.e7–181.e13. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2006.09.008. CrossRef
Moffitt, T. E. (2007). A review of research on the taxonomy of life-course persistent versus adolescence-limited antisocial behavior. In D. Flannery, A. Vazonsyi, & I. Waldman (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of violent behavior and aggression (pp. 49–74). New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Monshouwer, K., Huizink, A. C., Harakeh, Z., Raaijmakers, Q. A. W., Reijneveld, S. A., Oldehinkel, A. J., & Vollebergh, W. A. M. (2011). Prenatal smoking exposure and the risk of behavioral problems and substance use in adolescence: The TRAILS study. European Addiction Research, 17, 342–350. doi: 10.1159/000334507. CrossRefPubMed
Prinstein, M. J., & Giletta, M. (2016). Peer relations and developmental psychopathology. In D. Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental psychopathology (3rd ed.). Hoboken: Wiley.
Ripley, R. M., Snijders, T. A. B., Boda, Z., Vörös, A., & Preciado, P. (2014). Manual for RSiena. Oxford: University of Oxford, Department of Statistics, Nuffield College.
Steglich, C. E. G., Snijders, T. A. B., & Pearson, M. (2010). Dynamic networks and behavior: separating selection from influence. Sociological Methodology, 40, 329–393. CrossRef
Van der Laan, A. M., Veenstra, R., Bogaerts, S., Verhulst, F. C., & Ormel, J. (2010). Serious, minor, and non-delinquents in early adolescence: the impact of cumulative risk and promotive factors. The TRAILS study. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 38, 339–351. doi: 10.1007/s10802-009-9368-3. CrossRefPubMed
Wallace, J. M., Bachman, J. G., Patrick, M. O. M., Johnston, L. D., Schulenberg, J. E., & Cooper, S. M. (2002). Tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use: racial and ethnic differences among U.S. high school seniors, 1976–2000. Public Health Reports, 117, 67–75.
- Early Adolescent Friendship Selection Based on Externalizing Behavior: the Moderating Role of Pubertal Development. The SNARE Study
Mitchell J. Prinstein
Jan Kornelis Dijkstra
Christian E. G. Steglich
Wilma A. M. Vollebergh
- Springer US