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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 3/2015

01-04-2015

Dynamics of Positive Emotion Regulation: Associations with Youth Depressive Symptoms

Auteurs: Lauren M. Fussner, Aaron M. Luebbe, Debora J. Bell

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 3/2015

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Abstract

Depression is frequently considered a disorder of impaired affect regulation with deficits across both positive and negative affective systems. However, where deficits in emotion regulation occur in youth, specifically regarding regulation of positive emotions, is relatively unknown. The current study tested whether deficits in broad (felt and expressed) and specific (up-regulation and maintenance) positive emotion processes are associated with youth depressive symptoms. Adolescents (n = 134; 65 girls) in grades 7 to 9 completed a self-report measure of depressive symptoms prior to participating in two parent–child interactions tasks, a rewarding trivia task and a problem-solving conflict task. During the interaction tasks, adolescent’s overall self-reported experience and observed expression of positive affect (PA) was examined. Following the reward task, youth’s ability to up-regulate PA (PA response) and maintain PA while buffering against NA (PA persistence) was explored observationally. Results suggested that reduced experience and expression of PA was associated with depression symptoms, but only in a context that elicited negative emotions. No association was found between PA response and depression symptoms; however, shorter PA persistence was associated with elevated depressive symptoms. Youth higher in depressive symptoms appear able to respond similarly to rewarding events, but fail to maintain PA and ward off NA when transitioning from a positive to negative task.
Voetnoten
1
Our test of PA persistence required that youth express PA following the reward task and prior to completing the self-report measure of PA. Thus, only youth who expressed PA following the reward task (n = 120) were included in analyses for aim 3. This was operationalized as youth receiving a score of “2” or above on PA response, since a score of “1” on the PA response variable included a flat, neutral, or negative response to the reward task.
 
2
Differences between youth who responded with PA following the success task (n = 120) and youth who did not (n = 14) were analyzed using independent samples t-tests. As might be expected, results revealed significant differences in overall PA expression during the success task for youth who responded following the success task (M = 2.47) and youth who did not (M = 1.62; t = −4.70, p < 0.001); however, no differences existed in depressive symptoms between these two groups.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Dynamics of Positive Emotion Regulation: Associations with Youth Depressive Symptoms
Auteurs
Lauren M. Fussner
Aaron M. Luebbe
Debora J. Bell
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 3/2015
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-014-9916-3