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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 10/2009

01-10-2009 | Original Paper

Dyadic and Triadic Behaviours in Infancy as Precursors to Later Social Responsiveness in Young Children with Autistic Disorder

Auteurs: Sally Clifford, Cheryl Dissanayake

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 10/2009

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Abstract

The relationship between dyadic (eye contact and affect) and triadic (joint attention) behaviours in infancy, and social responsiveness at pre-school age, was investigated in 36 children with Autistic Disorder. Measures of eye contact and affect, and joint attention, including requesting behaviours, were obtained retrospectively via parental interviews and home videos from 0- to- 24-months of age. Concurrent measures (3–5 years) included social responsiveness to another’s distress and need for help. Early dyadic behaviours observed in home videos, but not as reported by parents, were associated with later social responsiveness. Many triadic behaviours (from both parent-reports and home video) were also associated with social responsiveness at follow-up. The results are consistent with the view that early dyadic and triadic behaviours, particularly sharing attention, are important for the development of later social responsiveness.
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Voetnoten
1
For example, initiating joint attention was not asked for the 0-5 month age range since these behaviours do not typically emerge until the end of the first year of life.
 
2
Given the small subject numbers in the study, the decision was made to report on only those correlations with an r value >.4 along with p values <.05. Bonferroni correction was not applied since this would inflate Type II error to unacceptable levels.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Dyadic and Triadic Behaviours in Infancy as Precursors to Later Social Responsiveness in Young Children with Autistic Disorder
Auteurs
Sally Clifford
Cheryl Dissanayake
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2009
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 10/2009
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-009-0748-x