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Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 8/2020

19-06-2019 | Original Article

Dual-memory retrieval efficiency after practice: effects of strategy manipulations

Auteurs: Franziska Heidemann, Timothy C. Rickard, Torsten Schubert, Tilo Strobach

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 8/2020

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Abstract

The study investigated practice effects, instruction manipulations, and the associated cognitive architecture of dual-memory retrieval from a single cue. In two experiments, we tested predictions about the presence of learned parallelism in dual-memory retrieval within the framework of the set-cue bottleneck model. Both experiments included three experimental laboratory sessions and involved computerized assessments of dual-memory retrieval performance with strategy instruction manipulations. In Experiment 1, subjects were assigned to three distinct dual-task practice instruction groups: (1) a neutral instruction group without a specific direction on how to solve the task (i.e., neutral instruction), (2) an instruction to synchronize the responses (i.e., synchronize instruction), and (3) an instruction to use a sequential response style (i.e., immediate instruction). Results indicate that strategy instructions are able to effectively influence dual retrieval during practice. Mainly, the instruction to synchronize responses led to the presence of learned retrieval parallelism. Experiment 2 provided an assessment of the cognitive processing architecture of dual-memory retrieval. The results provide support for the presence of a structural bottleneck that cannot be eliminated by extensive practice and instruction manipulations. Further results are discussed with respect to the set-cue bottleneck model.

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Voetnoten
1
In this line of research, we distinguish between long (IRI > 300 ms) and short (IRI < 300 ms) IRIs to assess potential differences in response styles (Nino and Rickard, 2003).
 
2
Bonferroni correction was applied to ensure alpha-correction for the three relevant analyses (alpha = .017).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Dual-memory retrieval efficiency after practice: effects of strategy manipulations
Auteurs
Franziska Heidemann
Timothy C. Rickard
Torsten Schubert
Tilo Strobach
Publicatiedatum
19-06-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 8/2020
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-019-01217-y