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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2016

16-12-2015 | Original Paper

Driving Simulator Performance in Novice Drivers with Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Role of Executive Functions and Basic Motor Skills

Auteurs: Stephany M. Cox, Daniel J. Cox, Michael J. Kofler, Matthew A. Moncrief, Ronald J. Johnson, Ann E. Lambert, Sarah A. Cain, Ronald E. Reeve

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2016

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Abstract

Previous studies have shown that individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrate poorer driving performance than their peers and are less likely to obtain a driver’s license. This study aims to examine the relationship between driving performance and executive functioning for novice drivers, with and without ASD, using a driving simulator. Forty-four males (ages 15–23), 17 with ASD and 27 healthy controls, completed paradigms assessing driving skills and executive functioning. ASD drivers demonstrated poorer driving performance overall and the addition of a working memory task resulted in a significant decrement in their performance relative to control drivers. Results suggest that working memory may be a key mechanism underlying difficulties demonstrated by ASD drivers and provides insight for future intervention programs.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Driving Simulator Performance in Novice Drivers with Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Role of Executive Functions and Basic Motor Skills
Auteurs
Stephany M. Cox
Daniel J. Cox
Michael J. Kofler
Matthew A. Moncrief
Ronald J. Johnson
Ann E. Lambert
Sarah A. Cain
Ronald E. Reeve
Publicatiedatum
16-12-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 4/2016
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2677-1