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The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10803-015-2677-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Previous studies have shown that individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrate poorer driving performance than their peers and are less likely to obtain a driver’s license. This study aims to examine the relationship between driving performance and executive functioning for novice drivers, with and without ASD, using a driving simulator. Forty-four males (ages 15–23), 17 with ASD and 27 healthy controls, completed paradigms assessing driving skills and executive functioning. ASD drivers demonstrated poorer driving performance overall and the addition of a working memory task resulted in a significant decrement in their performance relative to control drivers. Results suggest that working memory may be a key mechanism underlying difficulties demonstrated by ASD drivers and provides insight for future intervention programs.
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Supplementary material 1 (PDF 1135 kb)10803_2015_2677_MOESM1_ESM.pdf
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- Driving Simulator Performance in Novice Drivers with Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Role of Executive Functions and Basic Motor Skills
Stephany M. Cox
Daniel J. Cox
Michael J. Kofler
Matthew A. Moncrief
Ronald J. Johnson
Ann E. Lambert
Sarah A. Cain
Ronald E. Reeve
- Springer US