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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2017

28-01-2017 | Original Paper

Does the Presence of Anxiety and ADHD Symptoms Add to Social Impairment in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder?

Auteurs: Reina S. Factor, Sarah M. Ryan, Julee P. Farley, Thomas H. Ollendick, Angela Scarpa

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2017

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Abstract

Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience internalizing and externalizing problems at higher rates than typically developing children, which could worsen social impairment. The present study compared impairment scores (social responsiveness scale, 2nd edition; SRS-2 scores) in 57 children (3–17 years, 82.5% male) with ASD, either with or without heightened levels of anxiety or ADHD symptoms, all per parent report. Children with heightened anxiety problems showed higher scores on four SRS-2 subscales (Social Cognition, Social Communication, Social Motivation, and Restricted Interests and Repetitive Behavior). Children with heightened ADHD traits showed higher scores on two subscales (Social Communication and Social Awareness). These findings suggest similarities and differences in how social deficits in ASD may worsen with anxiety or ADHD symptoms.

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Voetnoten
1
Only a subsample of the children had IQ scores available (n = 44); however due to the nature of the assessments conducted, there is no clinical reason to expect that the children who completed IQ assessments cognitively differed from those who did not complete an IQ assessment. Additionally, the children who did and did not complete IQ assessments were compared on all demographic, anxiety symptom, ADHD symptom, and social impairment variables and did not differ. These 44 children were considered representative of the overall sample.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Does the Presence of Anxiety and ADHD Symptoms Add to Social Impairment in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder?
Auteurs
Reina S. Factor
Sarah M. Ryan
Julee P. Farley
Thomas H. Ollendick
Angela Scarpa
Publicatiedatum
28-01-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 4/2017
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-016-3025-9