Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Previous research in the general population suggests that intrinsic religiosity moderates (mitigates) the effect of poor physical health on depression. However, few studies have focused specifically on the Jewish community. We therefore examined these variables in a cross-sectional sample of 89 Orthodox and 123 non-Orthodox Jews. Based on previous research suggesting that non-Orthodox Judaism values religious mental states (e.g., beliefs) less and a collectivist social religiosity more, as compared to Orthodox Judaism, we hypothesized that the moderating effect of intrinsic religiosity would mediated by social support among non-Orthodox but not Orthodox Jews. As predicted, results indicated that the relationship between physical health and depression was moderated by intrinsic religiosity in the sample as a whole. Furthermore, this effect was mediated by social support among non-Orthodox Jews, but not among the Orthodox. The importance of examining religious affiliation and potential mediators in research on spirituality and health is discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Ai, A. L., Tice, T. N., & Kelsey, C. L. (2009). Coping after 9/11: Deep interconnectedness and struggle in posttraumatic stress and growth. In M. Morgan (Ed.), The Impact of 9/11 on psychology and education: The day that changed everything? (pp. 115–138). New York: Palgrave MacMillian.
Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Andresen, E. M., Malmgren, J. A., Carter, W. B., & Patrick, D. L. (1994). Screening for depression in well older adults: Evaluation of a short form of the CES-D. American Journal of Preventive Medicine,10, 77–84. PubMed
Ardelt, M., & Koenig, C. S. (2009). Differential roles of religious orientation on subjective well-being and death attitudes in old age: Mediation of spiritual activities and purpose in life. In A. L. Ai & M. Ardelt (Eds.), Faith and well-being in later life: Linking theories with evidence in an interdisciplinary inquiry (pp. 85–112). Hauppau, NY: Nova Science.
Barzilai-Nahon, K., & Barzilai, G. (2005). Technology: The internet and religious fundamentalism. Information Society,21, 25–40. CrossRef
Cohen, A. B. (2002). The importance of spirituality in well-being for Jews and Christians. Journal of Happiness Studies,3, 287–310. CrossRef
Keawe’aimoku, J. K., Haynes, S. N., Grandinetti, A., & Chang, H. K. (2003). Biological, psychosocial, and sociodemographic variables associated with depressive symptoms in persons with type 2 diabetes. Journal of Behavioral Medicine,26, 435–468. CrossRef
Kenny, D. A. (2009). Mediated moderation and moderated mediation. In Mediation. Retrieved 5 September 2010, from http://davidakenny.net/cm/mediate.htm.
Koenig, H. G., McCullough, M. E., & Larson, D. B. (2001b). Handbook of religion and health. New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Koenig, H., Patterson, G., & Meador, K. (1997). Religion Index for psychiatric research: A 5-item measure for use in health outcomes studies. American Journal of Psychiatry,154, 855.
Mathers, C. D. (2001). The burden of disease and mortality by condition: Data, methods and results for 2001. In A. D. Lopez (Ed.), Global burden of disease and risk factors (pp. 45–240). New York: Oxford University Press.
Nelson, D. E., Holtzman, D., Bolen, J., Stanwyck, C. A., & Mack, K. A. (2001). Reliability and validity of measures from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). Social and Preventive Medicine,46(supp. 1), S03–S42.
Pargament, K. I. (1997). The psychology of religion and coping: Theory, research, practice. New York: Guilford Press.
Pirutinsky, S. (2009). The terror management function of Orthodox Jewish religiosity: A religious culture approach. Mental Health Religion and Culture,12, 247–256. CrossRef
Pirutinsky, S., Rosen, D., Shapiro, R. L., & Rosmarin, D. H. (2010). Do medical models of mental illness relate to increased or decreased stigmatization of mental illness among Orthodox Jews? Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases,198, 508–512. CrossRef
Pirutinsky, S., Rosmarin, D. H., & Pargament, K. I. (2009). Community attitudes towards culture-influenced mental illness: Scrupulosity vs. non-religious OCD among Orthodox Jews. Journal of Community Psychology,37, 949–958. CrossRef
Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling alone. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES–D Scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement,1, 385–401. CrossRef
Rosmarin, D. H., Pirutinsky, S., Pargament, K. I., & Kumrei, E. J. (2009). Are religious beliefs relevant to mental health among Jews? Psychology of Religion and Spirituality,1, 180–190. CrossRef
Schnall, E. (2006). Multicultural counseling and the Orthodox Jew. Journal of Counseling & Development,84, 276–292.
Sethi, S., & Seligman, M. E. P. (1993). Optimism and fundamentalism. Psychological Science,4, 256–259. CrossRef
Spilka, B., Hood, R. W., Hunsberger, B., & Gorsuch, R. (2003). The psychology of religion: An empirical approach (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford.
United Jewish Communities. (2003). National Jewish population survey. New York, NY: Author.
Wink, P., Dillon, M., & Larsen, B. (2005). Religion as moderator of the depression-health connection: Findings from a longitudinal study. Research on Aging,27, 197–220. CrossRef
- Does social support mediate the moderating effect of intrinsic religiosity on the relationship between physical health and depressive symptoms among Jews?
David H. Rosmarin
Cheryl L. Holt
Robert H. Feldman
Lee S. Caplan
Kenneth I. Pargament
- Springer US