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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2014

01-09-2014 | Original Paper

Does Language Guide Behavior in Children with Autism?

Auteurs: Jennifer C. Gidley Larson, Yana Suchy

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 9/2014

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Abstract

It is unknown if children with high-functioning autism (HFA) employ self-directed speech to guide motor sequencing and motor control, or if they can benefit from using self-directed speech when prompted to do so. Participants performed a three-movement sequence across three conditions: Natural Learning, Task-Congruent Verbalization (TCV), and Task-Incongruent Verbalization (TIV). TIV deleteriously impacted performance in the typically-developing group (n = 22), and not the HFA group (n = 21). TCV improved performance in both groups, but to a greater extent in the HFA group. These findings suggest that children with HFA do not initiate self-directed speech spontaneously, but can use language to guide behavior when prompted to do so.
Voetnoten
1
Private speech is conceptualized as self-directive speech spoken quietly (but outwardly) to oneself, while inner speech has been conceptualized as the subsequent process of completely internalizing (i.e., not speaking out loud, rather thinking) private speech (Vygotsky, 1978).
 
2
This study included only males since research indicates that autism is more likely to occur in boys than in girls with a 4:1 ratio (APA 2000). Also, the database that we recruited from was consistent with this ratio and few girls met our eligibility criteria. As such, only males participated in this study.
 
3
These six participants were not administered the ADI-R as part of a previous research protocol.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Does Language Guide Behavior in Children with Autism?
Auteurs
Jennifer C. Gidley Larson
Yana Suchy
Publicatiedatum
01-09-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 9/2014
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2089-7