Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 2/2017

03-10-2016 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Does Home Practice Compliance Make a Difference in the Effectiveness of Mindfulness Interventions for Adolescents?

Auteurs: Dianna Quach, Robert C. Gibler, Kristen E. Jastrowski Mano

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 2/2017

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Mindfulness-based interventions encourage home practice to cultivate the development and enhancement of skills. The degree to which adolescents practice mindfulness outside of sessions and whether such home practice relates to measurable outcomes has not been investigated. The present study investigated the effects of home practice compliance on cognitive and psychological outcomes, as well as the relationship between intervention expectations and home practice compliance in adolescents participating in a school-based mindfulness program. As part of a randomized controlled trial, participants completed either a mindfulness meditation (n = 76) or hatha yoga (n = 92) intervention. Pre- and post-intervention measures of working memory capacity, perceived stress, anxiety, and mindfulness were collected. Participants also completed a daily home practice log during the intervention in which they recorded the number of minutes spent practicing mindfulness meditation or hatha yoga. Results indicated that home practice compliance was poor relative to suggested home practice in both intervention groups; however, the hatha yoga group reported significantly more home practice than the mindfulness meditation group (p = 0.003). Hatha yoga participants who engaged in more home practice (upper tertile) showed a statistically significant decrease in perceived stress, while those who reported the lowest amount of home practice (bottom tertile) showed an increase in stress. In the yoga condition, intervention expectations were positively correlated with home practice (ρ = 0.28, p < 0.05). Current findings suggest that home practice compliance is related to stress reduction in hatha yoga interventions for adolescents. Limitations and avenues for future research are discussed.
Literatuur
go back to reference Baer, R. A., Carmody, J., & Hunsinger, M. (2012). Weekly change in mindfulness and perceived stress in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 68(7), 755–765. doi:10.1002/jclp.21865.CrossRefPubMed Baer, R. A., Carmody, J., & Hunsinger, M. (2012). Weekly change in mindfulness and perceived stress in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 68(7), 755–765. doi:10.​1002/​jclp.​21865.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bennett, K., & Dorjee, D. (2016). The impact of a mindfulness-based stress reduction course (MBSR) on well-being and academic attainment of sixth-form students. Mindfulness, 7(1), 105–114. doi:10.1007/s12671-015-0430-7.CrossRef Bennett, K., & Dorjee, D. (2016). The impact of a mindfulness-based stress reduction course (MBSR) on well-being and academic attainment of sixth-form students. Mindfulness, 7(1), 105–114. doi:10.​1007/​s12671-015-0430-7.CrossRef
go back to reference Biegel, G. M., Brown, K. W., Shapiro, S. L., & Schubert, C. M. (2009). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for the treatment of adolescent psychiatric outpatients: a randomized clinical trail. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77, 855–866. doi:10.1037/a0016241.CrossRefPubMed Biegel, G. M., Brown, K. W., Shapiro, S. L., & Schubert, C. M. (2009). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for the treatment of adolescent psychiatric outpatients: a randomized clinical trail. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77, 855–866. doi:10.​1037/​a0016241.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Carlson, L., Speca, M., Patel, K., & Goodey, E. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress and levels of cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and melatonin in breast and prostate cancer outpatients. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 29, 448–474.CrossRefPubMed Carlson, L., Speca, M., Patel, K., & Goodey, E. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress and levels of cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and melatonin in breast and prostate cancer outpatients. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 29, 448–474.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Carmody, J., & Baer, R. A. (2008). Relationships between mindfulness practice and levels of mindfulness, medical and psychological symptoms and well-being in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 31, 23–33.CrossRefPubMed Carmody, J., & Baer, R. A. (2008). Relationships between mindfulness practice and levels of mindfulness, medical and psychological symptoms and well-being in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 31, 23–33.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Carmody, J., & Baer, R. (2009). How long does a mindfulness-based stress reduction program need to be? A review of class contact hours and effect sizes for psychological distress. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65, 627–638. doi:10.1002/jclp.20555.CrossRefPubMed Carmody, J., & Baer, R. (2009). How long does a mindfulness-based stress reduction program need to be? A review of class contact hours and effect sizes for psychological distress. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65, 627–638. doi:10.​1002/​jclp.​20555.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Carson, J., Carson, K., Gil, K., & Baucom, D. (2004). Mindfulness-based relationship enhancement. Behavior Therapy, 35, 471–494.CrossRef Carson, J., Carson, K., Gil, K., & Baucom, D. (2004). Mindfulness-based relationship enhancement. Behavior Therapy, 35, 471–494.CrossRef
go back to reference Conway, A. R., Kane, M. J., Bunting, M. F., Hambrick, D. Z., Wilhelm, O., & Engle, R. W. (2005). Working memory span tasks: a methodological review and user’s guide. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 12(5), 769–786.CrossRefPubMed Conway, A. R., Kane, M. J., Bunting, M. F., Hambrick, D. Z., Wilhelm, O., & Engle, R. W. (2005). Working memory span tasks: a methodological review and user’s guide. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 12(5), 769–786.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Davidson, R., Kabat-Zinn, J., Schumacker, J., Rosenkranz, M., Muller, D., Santorelli, S., Urbanowski, F., Harrington, A., Bonus, K., & Sheridan, J. F. (2003). Alterations in brain and immune function produced by mindfulness meditation. Psychosomatic Medicine, 65, 564–570.CrossRefPubMed Davidson, R., Kabat-Zinn, J., Schumacker, J., Rosenkranz, M., Muller, D., Santorelli, S., Urbanowski, F., Harrington, A., Bonus, K., & Sheridan, J. F. (2003). Alterations in brain and immune function produced by mindfulness meditation. Psychosomatic Medicine, 65, 564–570.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Fletcher, L. B., Schoendorff, B., & Hayes, S. C. (2010). Searching for mindfulness in the brain: a process-oriented approach to examining the neural correlates of mindfulness. Journal of Mindfulness, 1, 41–63. doi:10.1007/s12671-010-0006-5.CrossRef Fletcher, L. B., Schoendorff, B., & Hayes, S. C. (2010). Searching for mindfulness in the brain: a process-oriented approach to examining the neural correlates of mindfulness. Journal of Mindfulness, 1, 41–63. doi:10.​1007/​s12671-010-0006-5.CrossRef
go back to reference Frank, J. L., Bose, B., & Schrobenhauser-Clonan, A. (2014). Effectiveness of a school-based yoga program on adolescent mental health, stress coping strategies, and attitudes toward violence: findings from a high-risk sample. Journal of Applied School Psychology, 30, 29–49. doi:10.1080/15377903.2013.863259.CrossRef Frank, J. L., Bose, B., & Schrobenhauser-Clonan, A. (2014). Effectiveness of a school-based yoga program on adolescent mental health, stress coping strategies, and attitudes toward violence: findings from a high-risk sample. Journal of Applied School Psychology, 30, 29–49. doi:10.​1080/​15377903.​2013.​863259.CrossRef
go back to reference Gaynor, S. T., Lawrence, P. S., & Nelson-Gray, R. O. (2006). Measuring homework compliance in cognitive-behavioral therapy for adolescent depression: review, preliminary findings, and implications for theory and practice. Behavior Modification, 30, 647–672. doi:10.1177/0145445504272979.CrossRefPubMed Gaynor, S. T., Lawrence, P. S., & Nelson-Gray, R. O. (2006). Measuring homework compliance in cognitive-behavioral therapy for adolescent depression: review, preliminary findings, and implications for theory and practice. Behavior Modification, 30, 647–672. doi:10.​1177/​0145445504272979​.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Goodman, T. A. (2005). Working with children: beginner’s mind. In C. K. Germer, R. D. Siegel, & P. R. Fulton (Eds.), Mindfulness and psychotherapy (pp. 197–219). New York: Guilford Press. Goodman, T. A. (2005). Working with children: beginner’s mind. In C. K. Germer, R. D. Siegel, & P. R. Fulton (Eds.), Mindfulness and psychotherapy (pp. 197–219). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Goyal, M., Singh, S., Sibinga, E. M. S., Gould, N. F., Rowland-Seymour, A., Sharma, R., Berger, Z., Sleicher, D., Maron, D. D., Shihab, H. S., Ranasinghe, P. D., Linn, S., Saha, S., Bass, E. B., & Haythornthwaite, J. A. (2014). Meditation programs for psychological stress and well-being: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Internal Medicine, 174(3), 357–368. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.13018.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Goyal, M., Singh, S., Sibinga, E. M. S., Gould, N. F., Rowland-Seymour, A., Sharma, R., Berger, Z., Sleicher, D., Maron, D. D., Shihab, H. S., Ranasinghe, P. D., Linn, S., Saha, S., Bass, E. B., & Haythornthwaite, J. A. (2014). Meditation programs for psychological stress and well-being: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Internal Medicine, 174(3), 357–368. doi:10.​1001/​jamainternmed.​2013.​13018.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Greco, L. A., Baer, R. A., & Smith, G. T. (2011). Assessing mindfulness in children and adolescents: development and validation of the child and adolescent mindfulness measure (CAMM). Psychological Assessment, 23, 606–614. doi:10.1037/a0022819.CrossRefPubMed Greco, L. A., Baer, R. A., & Smith, G. T. (2011). Assessing mindfulness in children and adolescents: development and validation of the child and adolescent mindfulness measure (CAMM). Psychological Assessment, 23, 606–614. doi:10.​1037/​a0022819.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Greeson, J. M., Smoski, M. J., Suarez, E. C., Brantley, J. G., Ekblad, A. G., Lynch, T. R., & Quillian Wolever, R. (2015). Decreased symptoms of depression after mindfulness-based stress reduction: potential moderating effects of religiosity, spirituality, trait mindfulness, sex, and age. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 21(3), 166–174. doi:10.1089/acm.2014.0285.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Greeson, J. M., Smoski, M. J., Suarez, E. C., Brantley, J. G., Ekblad, A. G., Lynch, T. R., & Quillian Wolever, R. (2015). Decreased symptoms of depression after mindfulness-based stress reduction: potential moderating effects of religiosity, spirituality, trait mindfulness, sex, and age. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 21(3), 166–174. doi:10.​1089/​acm.​2014.​0285.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Hagins, M., & Rundle, A. (2016). Yoga improves academic performance in urban high school students compared to physical education: a randomized controlled trial. Mind, Brain, and Education, 10(2), 105–116. doi:10.1111/mbe.12107.CrossRef Hagins, M., & Rundle, A. (2016). Yoga improves academic performance in urban high school students compared to physical education: a randomized controlled trial. Mind, Brain, and Education, 10(2), 105–116. doi:10.​1111/​mbe.​12107.CrossRef
go back to reference Hale, W. W., Crocetti, E., Raaijmakers, Q. A., & Meeus, W. H. (2011). A meta-analysis of the cross-cultural psychometric properties of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED). Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52(1), 80–90. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2010.02285.x.CrossRefPubMed Hale, W. W., Crocetti, E., Raaijmakers, Q. A., & Meeus, W. H. (2011). A meta-analysis of the cross-cultural psychometric properties of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED). Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52(1), 80–90. doi:10.​1111/​j.​1469-7610.​2010.​02285.​x.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Jastrowski Mano, K. E., Salamon, K. S., Hainsworth, K. R., Anderson Khan, K. A., Ladwig, R. J., Davies, W. H., & Weisman, S. J. (2013). A randomized controlled pilot study of mindfulness-based stress reduction for pediatric chronic pain. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 19(6), 8–14.PubMed Jastrowski Mano, K. E., Salamon, K. S., Hainsworth, K. R., Anderson Khan, K. A., Ladwig, R. J., Davies, W. H., & Weisman, S. J. (2013). A randomized controlled pilot study of mindfulness-based stress reduction for pediatric chronic pain. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 19(6), 8–14.PubMed
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. New York: Delacorte Press. Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. New York: Delacorte Press.
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J., Massion, A. O., Kristeller, J., Peterson, L. G., Fletcher, K. E., Pbert, L., Lenderking, W. R., & Santorelli, S. F. (1992). Effectiveness of a meditation-based stress reduction program in the treatment of anxiety disorders. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 149(7), 936–943.CrossRefPubMed Kabat-Zinn, J., Massion, A. O., Kristeller, J., Peterson, L. G., Fletcher, K. E., Pbert, L., Lenderking, W. R., & Santorelli, S. F. (1992). Effectiveness of a meditation-based stress reduction program in the treatment of anxiety disorders. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 149(7), 936–943.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kerrigan, D., Johnson, K., Stewart, M., Magyari, T., Hutton, N., Ellen, J. M., & Sibinga, E. M. S. (2011). Perceptions, experiences, and shifts in perspective occurring among urban youth participating in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 17, 96–101. doi:10.1016/j.ctcp.2010.08.003.CrossRefPubMed Kerrigan, D., Johnson, K., Stewart, M., Magyari, T., Hutton, N., Ellen, J. M., & Sibinga, E. M. S. (2011). Perceptions, experiences, and shifts in perspective occurring among urban youth participating in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 17, 96–101. doi:10.​1016/​j.​ctcp.​2010.​08.​003.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Mendelson, T., Greenberg, J. K. D., Gould, L. F., Rhoades, B. L., & Leaf, P. J. (2010). Feasibility and preliminary outcomes of a school-based mindfulness intervention for urban youth. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 38, 985–994. doi:10.1007/s10802.010.9418.x.CrossRefPubMed Mendelson, T., Greenberg, J. K. D., Gould, L. F., Rhoades, B. L., & Leaf, P. J. (2010). Feasibility and preliminary outcomes of a school-based mindfulness intervention for urban youth. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 38, 985–994. doi:10.​1007/​s10802.​010.​9418.​x.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Miller, J. J., Fletcher, K., & Kabat-Zinn, J. (1995). Three-year follow-up and clinical implications of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction intervention in the treatment of anxiety disorders. General Hospital Psychiatry, 3, 192–200. doi:10.1016/0163-8343(95)00025-M.CrossRef Miller, J. J., Fletcher, K., & Kabat-Zinn, J. (1995). Three-year follow-up and clinical implications of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction intervention in the treatment of anxiety disorders. General Hospital Psychiatry, 3, 192–200. doi:10.​1016/​0163-8343(95)00025-M.CrossRef
go back to reference Mrazek, M. D., Franklin, M. S., Phillips, D. T., Baird, B., & Schooler, J. W. (2013). Mindfulness training improves working memory capacity and GRE performances while reducing mind wandering. Psychological Science, 24, 776–781. doi:10.1177/0956797612459659.CrossRefPubMed Mrazek, M. D., Franklin, M. S., Phillips, D. T., Baird, B., & Schooler, J. W. (2013). Mindfulness training improves working memory capacity and GRE performances while reducing mind wandering. Psychological Science, 24, 776–781. doi:10.​1177/​0956797612459659​.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Rani, N. J., & Rao, P. V. K. (1996). Meditation and attention regulation. Journal of Indian Psychology, 14, 26–30. Rani, N. J., & Rao, P. V. K. (1996). Meditation and attention regulation. Journal of Indian Psychology, 14, 26–30.
go back to reference Shapiro, S. L., Brown, K. W., & Biegel, G. M. (2007). Teaching self-care to caregivers: effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on the mental health of therapists in training. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 1, 105–115.CrossRef Shapiro, S. L., Brown, K. W., & Biegel, G. M. (2007). Teaching self-care to caregivers: effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on the mental health of therapists in training. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 1, 105–115.CrossRef
go back to reference Sibinga, E., Kerrigan, D., Stewart, M., Johnson, K., Magyari, T., & Ellen, J. M. (2011). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for urban youth. Journal of Alternative Complementary Medicine, 17, 213–218. doi:10.1089/acm.2009.0605.CrossRefPubMed Sibinga, E., Kerrigan, D., Stewart, M., Johnson, K., Magyari, T., & Ellen, J. M. (2011). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for urban youth. Journal of Alternative Complementary Medicine, 17, 213–218. doi:10.​1089/​acm.​2009.​0605.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Strawn, J. R., Cotton, S., Luberto, C. M., Rodrigo, P. L., Stahl, L. A., Weber, W. A., Eliassen, J. C., Sears, R., & DelBello, M. P. (2016). Neural function before and after mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in anxious adolescents at risk for developing bipolar disorder. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 26(4), 372–379. doi:10.1089/cap.2015.0054.CrossRefPubMed Strawn, J. R., Cotton, S., Luberto, C. M., Rodrigo, P. L., Stahl, L. A., Weber, W. A., Eliassen, J. C., Sears, R., & DelBello, M. P. (2016). Neural function before and after mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in anxious adolescents at risk for developing bipolar disorder. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 26(4), 372–379. doi:10.​1089/​cap.​2015.​0054.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Tan, L., & Martin, G. (2015). Taming the adolescent mind: a randomized controlled trial examining clinical efficacy of an adolescent mindfulness-based group programme. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 20(1), 49–55. doi:10.1111/camh.12057.CrossRef Tan, L., & Martin, G. (2015). Taming the adolescent mind: a randomized controlled trial examining clinical efficacy of an adolescent mindfulness-based group programme. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 20(1), 49–55. doi:10.​1111/​camh.​12057.CrossRef
go back to reference Velásquez, A. M., López, M. A., Quiñonez, N., & Paba, D. P. (2015). Yoga for the prevention of depression, anxiety, and depression and the promotion of social-emotional competencies in school-aged children. Educational Research and Evaluation, 21, 407–421. doi:10.1080/13803611.2015.1111804.CrossRef Velásquez, A. M., López, M. A., Quiñonez, N., & Paba, D. P. (2015). Yoga for the prevention of depression, anxiety, and depression and the promotion of social-emotional competencies in school-aged children. Educational Research and Evaluation, 21, 407–421. doi:10.​1080/​13803611.​2015.​1111804.CrossRef
go back to reference Vettese, L. C., Toneatto, T., Stea, J. N., Nguyen, L., & Wang, J. J. (2009). Do mindfulness meditation participants do their homework? And does it make a difference? A review of the empirical evidence. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 23, 198–225. doi:10.1891/0889.8391.23.3.198.CrossRef Vettese, L. C., Toneatto, T., Stea, J. N., Nguyen, L., & Wang, J. J. (2009). Do mindfulness meditation participants do their homework? And does it make a difference? A review of the empirical evidence. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 23, 198–225. doi:10.​1891/​0889.​8391.​23.​3.​198.CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Does Home Practice Compliance Make a Difference in the Effectiveness of Mindfulness Interventions for Adolescents?
Auteurs
Dianna Quach
Robert C. Gibler
Kristen E. Jastrowski Mano
Publicatiedatum
03-10-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 2/2017
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-016-0624-7

Andere artikelen Uitgave 2/2017

Mindfulness 2/2017 Naar de uitgave

ORTHOGONAL ROTATION IN CONSCIOUSNESS

Just Knowing