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08-06-2018 | Uitgave 9/2018

Quality of Life Research 9/2018

Does anthropometric and fitness parameters mediate the effect of exercise on the HRQoL of overweight and obese children/adolescents?

Tijdschrift:
Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 9/2018
Auteurs:
Miguel A. Perez-Sousa, Pedro R. Olivares, Antonio Garcia-Hermoso, Narcis Gusi
Belangrijke opmerkingen

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s11136-018-1893-5) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

There is sufficient evidence about the effects of physical exercise programs on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in obese and overweight children.

Objectives

The purpose of this study was to observe the effects on physical fitness and HRQoL in overweight and obesity children and their parents and find out whether the effect of intervention on anthropometric and physical fitness parameters mediated the improvements found in the proxies’ perception of participant quality of life.

Methods

151 overweight and obese children (106 intervention and 45 control) participated in a public exercise program. Anthropometrics characteristics, physical fitness, and HRQoL (EQ-5D-Y) were measured. Analysis of Covariance and effect size were performed to analyze the improvement. Mediation analyzed with bootstrap to observe whether anthropometric or physical fitness improvements mediate of the changes in the proxies’ assessment of HRQoL.

Results

Significant improvements were found in waist circumference, physical fitness, and HRQoL. The improvement of waist circumference showed a significant indirect effect on the change in the proxy perception of quality of life.

Conclusion

The reduction of waist circumference mediates the change on proxies’ perception of quality of life and not by the improvement in physical fitness. Trial registration: ISRCTN97887613

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Extra materiaal
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 50 KB)
11136_2018_1893_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Supplementary material 2 (SAV 138 KB)
11136_2018_1893_MOESM2_ESM.sav
Literatuur
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