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Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 8/2020

10-07-2019 | Original Article

Do ostensive cues affect object processing in children with and without autism? A test of natural pedagogy theory

Auteurs: Tobias Schuwerk, Johannes Bätz, Birgit Träuble, Beate Sodian, Markus Paulus

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 8/2020

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Abstract

Theories suggest that the perception of others’ actions and social cues leads to selective processing of object features. Most recently, natural pedagogy theory postulated that ostensive cues lead to a selective processing of an object’s features at the expense of processing of its location. This study examined this hypothesis in 10-year-old children with and without autism spectrum condition (ASC) to better understand social information processing in ASC and the relevance of observing others in human object processing in general. Participants saw an agent either ostensively pointing to an object or non-ostensively grasping an object. Thereafter, the cued or uncued object changed either its location or identity. We assessed not only behavioral responses, but also participants’ gaze behavior by means of eye tracking. In contrast to natural pedagogy theory, we found that in the non-ostensive grasping context, participants rather noticed an identity change than a location change. Moreover, location changes were more readily identified in the ostensive pointing context. Importantly, there was no difference between children with and without ASC. Our study shows that the perception of ostensively vs. non-ostensively framed actions leads to different processing of object features, indicating a close link between action perception, object processing, and social cues. Moreover, the lacking group difference in our study suggests that these basic perception–action processes are not impaired in autism.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Do ostensive cues affect object processing in children with and without autism? A test of natural pedagogy theory
Auteurs
Tobias Schuwerk
Johannes Bätz
Birgit Träuble
Beate Sodian
Markus Paulus
Publicatiedatum
10-07-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 8/2020
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-019-01223-0