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28-01-2016 | Original Paper | Uitgave 6/2016

Journal of Child and Family Studies 6/2016

Do Mothers and Fathers Moderate the Influence of Each Other’s Self-efficacy Beliefs and Parenting Behaviors on Children’s Externalizing Behavior?

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies > Uitgave 6/2016
Auteurs:
Isabelle Roskam, Jean-Christophe Meunier, Marie Stievenart

Abstract

The aim of the current study was to test first the validity of the social learning model, in which children’s externalizing behavior (EB) is considered to be related to problematic parenting, and second, whether and to what extent mothers and fathers moderate the influence of each other’s parenting on children’s EB. Two models were tested with a set of longitudinal prospective data collected from 419 mothers and 419 fathers. The first model tested the relations between parental self-efficacy beliefs at 4 years of age, parenting behaviors at age 5 and child’s EB at age 6. The second model tested the moderating effect of parenting behavior displayed by one parent on the way in which the other parent’s concurrent beliefs and subsequent behaviors impact on their child’s EB. The results mainly supported the first model, in particular the bidirectional relations between parents’ controlling behavior and children’s EB. The second model did not fit the data well. The existence of a moderating role of the other parent’s behavior was only demonstrated for the relation between mothers’ or fathers’ controlling behaviors and children’s EB. Very similar results were found for mothers and fathers. The results are discussed for their research and clinical implications.

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