Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The Self-Regulatory Executive Function (S-REF) model predicts that dysfunctional metacognitions are fundamental to the development and maintenance of emotional disorder, as they contribute to a perseverative style of processing: the Cognitive Attentional Syndrome (CAS). The aim of this study was to test the relationship between dysfunctional metacognitions and attentional bias (a component of the CAS), in the context of health anxiety. 158 undergraduate students read information on health risks as part of a health anxiety induction before completing an emotional Stroop task, and a number of questionnaires. Although the health anxiety induction may not have been successful, health-specific metacognitions were associated with attentional bias for health-related words, positive words, and also a greater bias for positive words when they were related to health (rather than general). Only one dimension of general metacognitions (“negative beliefs about worry, concerning uncontrollability and danger”) was associated with attentional bias. Findings are discussed in relation to the predictions of the S-REF model, and directions for future research are outlined.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Bouman, T. K., & Meijer, K. J. (1999). A preliminary study of worry and metacognitions in hypochondriasis. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy,6, 96–101. CrossRef
Buwalda, F. M., Bouman, T. K., & Van Duijn, M. A. (2008). The effect of a psychoeducational course on hypochondriacal metacognition. Cognitive Therapy and Research,32(5), 689–701. CrossRef
Fisher, P., & Wells, A. (2009). Metacognitive therapy: Distinctive features. Hove: Routledge.
Flavell, J. H. (1979). Metacognition and cognitive monitoring: A new area of cognitive-developmental inquiry. American Psychologist,34(10), 906–911. CrossRef
Genov, A., Shay, I., & Boone, R. T. (2002). Genov modified Stroop task (GMST) [Computer software and manual]. Available at http://facpub.stjohns.edu/~booner/GMSTsite/index.htm.
Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F. (1995). Manual for the depression anxiety stress scales (2nd ed.). Sydney: Psychology Foundation Monograph.
Speckens, A. E. (2001). Assessment of hypochondriasis. In V. Starcevic & D. R. Lipsitt (Eds.), Hypochondriasis: Modern perspectives on an ancient malady (pp. 61–88). New York: Oxford University Press.
Wells, A. (2000). Emotional disorders and metacognition: Innovative cognitive therapy. Chichester, UK: Wiley.
Wells, A. (2008). Metacognitive therapy: Cognition applied to regulating cognition. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy,36(6), 651–658. CrossRef
Wells, A. (2009). Metacognitive therapy for anxiety and depression. New York: Guilford Press.
Wells, A., Fisher, P., Myers, S., Wheatley, J., Patel, T., & Brewin, C. R. (2009). Metacognitive therapy in recurrent and persistent depression: A multiple-baseline study of a new treatment. Cognitive Therapy and Research,33(3), 291–300. CrossRef
Wells, A., & Hackmann, A. (1993). Imagery and core beliefs in health anxiety: Contents and origins. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy,21(3), 265–273.
Wells, A., Welford, M., Fraser, J., King, P., Mendel, E., Wisely, J., et al. (2008). Chronic PTSD treated with metacognitive therapy: An open trial. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice,15(1), 85–92. CrossRef
- Do Metacognitions Predict Attentional Bias in Health Anxiety?
- Springer US