Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

10-07-2019 | Original Article

Do left-handers outperform right-handers in paper-and-pencil tests of attention?

Auteurs: Peter Wühr, Ulrich Ansorge

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 8/2020

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The present study investigated the impact of the dominant hand on performance in two paper-and-pencil tests of visual selective attention (d2-R; FAIR-2). We hypothesized that preview benefits (i.e., preprocessing of stimuli located to the right of the currently fixated item) could improve test performance of left-handers as compared to right-handers because using the right hand could prevent preview benefits simply by covering subsequent stimuli. A group of left-handed students (n = 86) and a group of right-handed students (n = 90) completed both the test d2-R and the test FAIR-2 with their dominant (writing) hand. Results showed that left-handed participants outperformed right-handers in both tests. Hence, when the results of left-handers are to be compared to right-handers or to normative data (which are dominated by right-handers), the impact of preview benefits on left-hander performance should be taken into account.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Voetnoten
1
KL is shorthand for the German word “Konzentrationsleistung”, which could be translated to “concentration performance” (CP; cf. Bates & Lemay Jr., 2004).
 
2
We are, of course, aware of the fact that left-handed people are much less frequent than right-handed people in the general population. Despite these different base rates, we tested similar numbers of left- and right-handers to establish comparable statistical power in both groups. Similar group sizes were achieved through convenience sampling: We had two calls open, one for right- and one for left-handers. As there are more right- than left-handers in the general population, data collection for the right-handers concluded earlier and data collection with the left-handers continued over a longer period of time.
 
3
It was not intended to provide the two groups of participants with different amounts of time for working on a row. This difference actually resulted from deficient communication. In fact, the manual for the d2-R recommends 20 s for a stimulus row. In contrast, the manual for the d2 (which contained shorter stimulus rows) recommended reducing the time per row to 15 s if ceiling effects were to be expected.
 
4
We used KL for sorting participants into three classes of performance in the d2-R, and we used L for sorting participants into three classes of performance in the FAIR-2.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Brickenkamp, R. (1962). Aufmerksamkeits-Belastungs-Test d2 [Attention and concentration test d2]. Göttingen: Hogrefe. Brickenkamp, R. (1962). Aufmerksamkeits-Belastungs-Test d2 [Attention and concentration test d2]. Göttingen: Hogrefe.
go back to reference Brickenkamp, R. (1998). d2. Test d’attention concentrée [d2. Test of attention and concentration]. Paris, France: Les Editions du Centre de psychologie Appliquée. Brickenkamp, R. (1998). d2. Test d’attention concentrée [d2. Test of attention and concentration]. Paris, France: Les Editions du Centre de psychologie Appliquée.
go back to reference Brickenkamp, R. (2002). Test d2: Aufmerksamkeits-Belastungs-Test (9. Auflage) [Test d2: Attention and concentration test (9th edition)]. Göttingen, Germany: Hogrefe. Brickenkamp, R. (2002). Test d2: Aufmerksamkeits-Belastungs-Test (9. Auflage) [Test d2: Attention and concentration test (9th edition)]. Göttingen, Germany: Hogrefe.
go back to reference Brickenkamp, R., Schmidt-Atzert, L., & Liepmann, D. (2010). Test d2-Revision: Aufmerksamkeits- und Konzentrationstest. [Test d2-revision: Attention and concentration test.]. Göttingen, Germany: Hogrefe. Brickenkamp, R., Schmidt-Atzert, L., & Liepmann, D. (2010). Test d2-Revision: Aufmerksamkeits- und Konzentrationstest. [Test d2-revision: Attention and concentration test.]. Göttingen, Germany: Hogrefe.
go back to reference Brickenkamp, R., & Zillmer, E. (1998). The d2 test of attention. Seattle: Hogrefe and Huber Publishers. Brickenkamp, R., & Zillmer, E. (1998). The d2 test of attention. Seattle: Hogrefe and Huber Publishers.
go back to reference Luck, S. J., & Vecera, S. P. (2002). Attention. In H. Pashler & S. Yantis (Eds.), Stevens handbook of experimental psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 235–286)., Sensation and perception New York: Wiley. Luck, S. J., & Vecera, S. P. (2002). Attention. In H. Pashler & S. Yantis (Eds.), Stevens handbook of experimental psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 235–286)., Sensation and perception New York: Wiley.
go back to reference McManus, I. C. (2002). Right hand, left hand. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. McManus, I. C. (2002). Right hand, left hand. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
go back to reference Moosbrugger, H., & Oelschlägel, J. (1996). FAIR. Frankfurter Aufmerksamkeitsinventar. [FAIR. Frankfurt Attention Inventory.]. Bern, Switzerland: Huber. Moosbrugger, H., & Oelschlägel, J. (1996). FAIR. Frankfurter Aufmerksamkeitsinventar. [FAIR. Frankfurt Attention Inventory.]. Bern, Switzerland: Huber.
go back to reference Moosbrugger, H., & Oelschlägel, J. (2011). FAIR-2. Frankfurter Aufmerksamkeitsinventar 2. [FAIR-2. Frankfurt Attention Inventory 2.]. Bern, Switzerland: Huber. Moosbrugger, H., & Oelschlägel, J. (2011). FAIR-2. Frankfurter Aufmerksamkeitsinventar 2. [FAIR-2. Frankfurt Attention Inventory 2.]. Bern, Switzerland: Huber.
go back to reference Roth, M., Schmitt, V., & Herzberg, P. Y. (2010). Psychologische Diagnostik in der Praxis: Ergebnisse einer Befragung unter BDP-Mitgliedern [Psychological diagnostics in practice: Results of a survey among BDP members]. Report Psychologie, 35, 118–128. Roth, M., Schmitt, V., & Herzberg, P. Y. (2010). Psychologische Diagnostik in der Praxis: Ergebnisse einer Befragung unter BDP-Mitgliedern [Psychological diagnostics in practice: Results of a survey among BDP members]. Report Psychologie, 35, 118–128.
go back to reference Schorr, A. (1995). Stand und Perspektiven psychologischer Diagnostik in der Praxis. Ergebnisse einer repräsentativen Befragung westdeutscher Psychologen. [Status and perspective of psychological diagnostics in practice. Results of a survey among psychologists from Western Germany]. Diagnostica, 41, 3–20. Schorr, A. (1995). Stand und Perspektiven psychologischer Diagnostik in der Praxis. Ergebnisse einer repräsentativen Befragung westdeutscher Psychologen. [Status and perspective of psychological diagnostics in practice. Results of a survey among psychologists from Western Germany]. Diagnostica, 41, 3–20.
Metagegevens
Titel
Do left-handers outperform right-handers in paper-and-pencil tests of attention?
Auteurs
Peter Wühr
Ulrich Ansorge
Publicatiedatum
10-07-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 8/2020
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-019-01224-z

Andere artikelen Uitgave 8/2020

Psychological Research 8/2020 Naar de uitgave