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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2007

01-04-2007 | Original Paper

Do Children with Autism have a Theory of Mind? A Non-verbal Test of Autism vs. Specific Language Impairment

Auteurs: Livia Colle, Simon Baron-Cohen, Jacqueline Hill

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2007

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Abstract

Children with autism have delays in the development of theory of mind. However, the sub-group of children with autism who have little or no language have gone untested since false belief tests (FB) typically involve language. FB understanding has been reported to be intact in children with specific language impairment (SLI). This raises the possibility that a non-verbal FB test would distinguish children with autism vs. children with SLI. The present study tested two predictions: (1) FB understanding is to some extent independent of language ability; and (2) Children with autism with low language levels show specific impairment in theory of mind. Results confirmed both predictions. Results are discussed in terms of the role of language in the development of mindreading.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Do Children with Autism have a Theory of Mind? A Non-verbal Test of Autism vs. Specific Language Impairment
Auteurs
Livia Colle
Simon Baron-Cohen
Jacqueline Hill
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2007
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 4/2007
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0198-7