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08-03-2019 | OriginalPaper

Do Children and Adults with Autism Spectrum Condition Anticipate Others’ Actions as Goal-Directed? A Predictive Coding Perspective

Auteurs: Kerstin Ganglmayer, Tobias Schuwerk, Beate Sodian, Markus Paulus

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 6/2020

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Abstract

An action’s end state can be anticipated by considering the agent’s goal, or simply by projecting the movement trajectory. Theories suggest that individuals with autism spectrum condition (ASC) have difficulties anticipating other’s goal-directed actions, caused by an impairment using prior information. We examined whether children, adolescents and adults with and without ASC visually anticipate another’s action based on its goal or movement trajectory by presenting participants an agent repeatedly taking different paths to reach the same of two targets. The ASC group anticipated the goal and not just the movement pattern, but needed more time to perform goal-directed anticipations. Results are in line with predictive coding accounts, claiming that the use of prior information is impaired in ASC.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Do Children and Adults with Autism Spectrum Condition Anticipate Others’ Actions as Goal-Directed? A Predictive Coding Perspective
Auteurs
Kerstin Ganglmayer
Tobias Schuwerk
Beate Sodian
Markus Paulus
Publicatiedatum
08-03-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 6/2020
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-03964-8

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