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01-12-2006 | Uitgave 6/2006

Journal of Youth and Adolescence 6/2006

Do Academic and Social Goals Predict Planned Alcohol Use Among College-Bound High School Graduates?

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Youth and Adolescence > Uitgave 6/2006
Auteurs:
Brittany L. Rhoades, Jennifer L. Maggs
Belangrijke opmerkingen
Brittany Rhoades is a doctoral student in Human Development and Family Studies whose research interests include the development of risk behaviors with a specific emphasis in prevention programming.
Jennifer Maggs is an Associate Professor in Human Development and Family Studies, Pennsylvania State University, whose research interests include social development and health during adolescence and the transition to adulthood, risk behaviors, developmental methods, and prevention.
Actively pursuing important goals predicts positive affect and well-being (Emmons, 1986, J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 51: 1058–1068; Emmons and King, 1988, J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 54: 1040–1048; Salmela-Aro and Nurmi, 1997, J. Adult Dev. 4: 179–188). College-bound high school graduates (n=943) completed the ULTRA Orientation Survey prior to college. Planned alcohol use differed by gender, fraternity/sorority participation, and Honors membership. Students who appraised academic goals as more important and less difficult/stressful planned to consume less alcohol in their 1st year of college. Greater importance and lower difficulty/stressfulness of social goals predicted more planned drinking. Relationships of personal goals with drinking remained after controlling for group differences, and academic and social goal importance predicted plans to drink after controlling for alcohol use during high school senior year. The discussion focuses on the impact of goal appraisals on risk behavior, niche selection during the transition to college, and implications for the prevention of heavy drinking.

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