Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 4/2019

15-07-2019

Distinguishing SCT Symptoms from ADHD in Children: Internal and External Validity in Turkish Culture

Auteurs: Sümeyra Fırat, Hesna Gül, Ayla Aysev

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 4/2019

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

In this study, our aim was to evaluate the internal and external validity of Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) and to determine if it is an independent factor from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Turkish children, like in other cultures. Two hundred sixty-one children (6–12 years of age) who applied to Ankara University Child and Adolescent Psychiatry outpatient clinics and diagnosed with ADHD recruited the study. All children were evaluated with the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children Present and Lifetime Version which is a semi-structured diagnostic interview (K-SADS-PL) for ADHD diagnosis. Child Behavior Checklist for ages 6–18, The Barkley’s Child SCT Ratings Scale, SNAP-IV Parent and Teacher Scale, and Sociodemographic Information Form were enrolled by the parents and teachers of the children. Our results demonstrated that SCT symptoms formed two distinct but interrelated factors (Sluggish and Daydreaming) separate from those for ADHD. Due to regression analyses, higher levels of SCT predicted higher levels of ADHD-IN (Inattentive) and internalizing symptoms including anxiety-depression, social problems, and social withdrawal. These findings distinguished SCT cases from ADHD-IN in Turkish children. Results also indicated that ADHD- IN symptoms are risk factors for lower academic achievement while SCT symptoms haven’t such an effect. Our study is the first which demonstrates SCT’s construct validity relative to ADHD-IN by parental and teacher ratings in Turkey. Similar findings with Turkish children to the findings with children from other cultures would increase our confidence in the transcultural generalizability of SCT’s internal-external validity.
Literatuur
go back to reference Achenbach, T., & Rescorla, L. (2001). Manual for the ASEBA School-Age Forms and Profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont. Research Centre for Children, Youth and Families. Achenbach, T., & Rescorla, L. (2001). Manual for the ASEBA School-Age Forms and Profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont. Research Centre for Children, Youth and Families.
go back to reference Achenbach, T. M., & Edelbrock, C. S. (1991). Teacher's report form: TM Achenbach. Achenbach, T. M., & Edelbrock, C. S. (1991). Teacher's report form: TM Achenbach.
go back to reference Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. (2007). Multicultural understanding of child and adolescent psychopathology: Implications for mental health assessment: Guilford press. Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. (2007). Multicultural understanding of child and adolescent psychopathology: Implications for mental health assessment: Guilford press.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®): American Psychiatric Pub. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®): American Psychiatric Pub.
go back to reference Barkley, R. A. (2013b). Distinguishing sluggish cognitive tempo from ADHD in children and adolescents: Executive functioning, impairment, and comorbidity. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 42(2), 161–173. CrossRef Barkley, R. A. (2013b). Distinguishing sluggish cognitive tempo from ADHD in children and adolescents: Executive functioning, impairment, and comorbidity. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 42(2), 161–173. CrossRef
go back to reference Barkley, R. A. (2015). Concentration deficit disorder (sluggish cognitive tempo). Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: A handbook for diagnosis and treatment, 81–115. Barkley, R. A. (2015). Concentration deficit disorder (sluggish cognitive tempo). Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: A handbook for diagnosis and treatment, 81–115.
go back to reference Bauermeister, J. J., Barkley, R. A., Bauermeister, J. A., Martínez, J. V., & McBurnett, K. (2012b). Validity of the sluggish cognitive tempo, inattention, and hyperactivity symptom dimensions: Neuropsychological and psychosocial correlates. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40(5), 683–697. CrossRef Bauermeister, J. J., Barkley, R. A., Bauermeister, J. A., Martínez, J. V., & McBurnett, K. (2012b). Validity of the sluggish cognitive tempo, inattention, and hyperactivity symptom dimensions: Neuropsychological and psychosocial correlates. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40(5), 683–697. CrossRef
go back to reference Burns, G. L., Servera, M., Bernad, M. M., Carrillo, J. M., & Cardo, E. (2013b). Distinctions between sluggish cognitive tempo, ADHD-IN, and depression symptom dimensions in Spanish first-grade children. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 42(6), 796–808. CrossRef Burns, G. L., Servera, M., Bernad, M. M., Carrillo, J. M., & Cardo, E. (2013b). Distinctions between sluggish cognitive tempo, ADHD-IN, and depression symptom dimensions in Spanish first-grade children. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 42(6), 796–808. CrossRef
go back to reference Cohen, P., Cohen, J., West, S., & Aiken, L. (2002). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences . Hillsdale: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates. Inc. Google Scholar. Cohen, P., Cohen, J., West, S., & Aiken, L. (2002). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences . Hillsdale: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates. Inc. Google Scholar.
go back to reference Ercan, E., Amado, S., Somer, O., & Çıkoğlu, S. (2001). Development of a test battery for the assessment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Turkish Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 8(3), 132–144. Ercan, E., Amado, S., Somer, O., & Çıkoğlu, S. (2001). Development of a test battery for the assessment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Turkish Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 8(3), 132–144.
go back to reference Erol, N., & ŞimŞek, Z. T. (2000). 13 mental health of Turkish children: Behavioral and emotional problems reported by parents, teachers, and adolescents. International perspectives on child and adolescent mental health, 1, 223–247. CrossRef Erol, N., & ŞimŞek, Z. T. (2000). 13 mental health of Turkish children: Behavioral and emotional problems reported by parents, teachers, and adolescents. International perspectives on child and adolescent mental health, 1, 223–247. CrossRef
go back to reference Garner, A. A., Marceaux, J. C., Mrug, S., Patterson, C., & Hodgens, B. (2010b). Dimensions and correlates of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and sluggish cognitive tempo. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 38(8), 1097–1107. CrossRef Garner, A. A., Marceaux, J. C., Mrug, S., Patterson, C., & Hodgens, B. (2010b). Dimensions and correlates of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and sluggish cognitive tempo. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 38(8), 1097–1107. CrossRef
go back to reference Gökler, B., Ünal, F., Pehlivantürk, B., Kültür, E. Ç., Akdemir, D., & Taner, Y. (2004). Okul Çaği Çocuklari İçin Duygulanim Bozukluklari ve Şizofreni Görüşme Çizelgesi-Şimdi ve Yaşam Boyu Şekli-Türkçe Uyarlamasinin Geçerlik ve Güvenirliği. Çocuk ve Gençlik Ruh Sağlığı Dergisi. Gökler, B., Ünal, F., Pehlivantürk, B., Kültür, E. Ç., Akdemir, D., & Taner, Y. (2004). Okul Çaği Çocuklari İçin Duygulanim Bozukluklari ve Şizofreni Görüşme Çizelgesi-Şimdi ve Yaşam Boyu Şekli-Türkçe Uyarlamasinin Geçerlik ve Güvenirliği. Çocuk ve Gençlik Ruh Sağlığı Dergisi.
go back to reference Güler, A. S., Scahill, L., Jeon, S., Taşkın, B., Dedeoğlu, C., Ünal, S., & Yazgan, Y. (2014). Use of multiple informants to identify children at high risk for ADHD in Turkish school-age children. Journal of Attention Disorders, 1087054714530556. Güler, A. S., Scahill, L., Jeon, S., Taşkın, B., Dedeoğlu, C., Ünal, S., & Yazgan, Y. (2014). Use of multiple informants to identify children at high risk for ADHD in Turkish school-age children. Journal of Attention Disorders, 1087054714530556.
go back to reference Jacobson, L. A., Murphy-Bowman, S. C., Pritchard, A. E., Tart-Zelvin, A., Zabel, T. A., & Mahone, E. M. (2012a). Factor structure of a sluggish cognitive tempo scale in clinically-referred children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40(8), 1327–1337. CrossRef Jacobson, L. A., Murphy-Bowman, S. C., Pritchard, A. E., Tart-Zelvin, A., Zabel, T. A., & Mahone, E. M. (2012a). Factor structure of a sluggish cognitive tempo scale in clinically-referred children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40(8), 1327–1337. CrossRef
go back to reference Jensen, P. S. (1999). A 14-month randomized clinical trial of treatment strategies for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56(12), 1073–1086. CrossRef Jensen, P. S. (1999). A 14-month randomized clinical trial of treatment strategies for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56(12), 1073–1086. CrossRef
go back to reference Kaner, S., Büyüköztürk, Ş., İşeri, E., Ak, A., & Özaydın, L. (2011). Conners anababa dereceleme ölçeği yenilenmiş uzun formu: Faktör yapısı, geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Çocuk ve Gençlik Ruh Sağliği Dergisi, 18(1), 45–58. Kaner, S., Büyüköztürk, Ş., İşeri, E., Ak, A., & Özaydın, L. (2011). Conners anababa dereceleme ölçeği yenilenmiş uzun formu: Faktör yapısı, geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Çocuk ve Gençlik Ruh Sağliği Dergisi, 18(1), 45–58.
go back to reference Lahey, B. B. (2001). Should the combined and predominantly inattentive types of ADHD be considered distinct and unrelated disorders? Not now, at least. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 8(4), 494–497. Lahey, B. B. (2001). Should the combined and predominantly inattentive types of ADHD be considered distinct and unrelated disorders? Not now, at least. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 8(4), 494–497.
go back to reference Lee, S., Burns, G. L., Snell, J., & McBurnett, K. (2014a). Validity of the sluggish cognitive tempo symptom dimension in children: Sluggish cognitive tempo and ADHD-inattention as distinct symptom dimensions. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42(1), 7–19. CrossRef Lee, S., Burns, G. L., Snell, J., & McBurnett, K. (2014a). Validity of the sluggish cognitive tempo symptom dimension in children: Sluggish cognitive tempo and ADHD-inattention as distinct symptom dimensions. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42(1), 7–19. CrossRef
go back to reference Leopold, D. R., Christopher, M. E., Burns, G. L., Becker, S. P., Olson, R. K., & Willcutt, E. G. (2016a). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and sluggish cognitive tempo throughout childhood: Temporal invariance and stability from preschool through ninth grade. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 57(9), 1066–1074. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1111/​jcpp.​12505. CrossRefPubMed Leopold, D. R., Christopher, M. E., Burns, G. L., Becker, S. P., Olson, R. K., & Willcutt, E. G. (2016a). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and sluggish cognitive tempo throughout childhood: Temporal invariance and stability from preschool through ninth grade. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 57(9), 1066–1074. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1111/​jcpp.​12505. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Leopold, D. R., Christopher, M. E., Burns, G. L., Becker, S. P., Olson, R. K., & Willcutt, E. G. (2016b). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and sluggish cognitive tempo throughout childhood: Temporal invariance and stability from preschool through ninth grade. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 57(9), 1066–1074. CrossRef Leopold, D. R., Christopher, M. E., Burns, G. L., Becker, S. P., Olson, R. K., & Willcutt, E. G. (2016b). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and sluggish cognitive tempo throughout childhood: Temporal invariance and stability from preschool through ninth grade. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 57(9), 1066–1074. CrossRef
go back to reference McBurnett, K., Pfiffner, L. J., & Frick, P. J. (2001a). Symptom properties as a function of ADHD type: An argument for continued study of sluggish cognitive tempo. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 29(3), 207–213. CrossRef McBurnett, K., Pfiffner, L. J., & Frick, P. J. (2001a). Symptom properties as a function of ADHD type: An argument for continued study of sluggish cognitive tempo. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 29(3), 207–213. CrossRef
go back to reference McBurnett, K., Pfiffner, L. J., & Frick, P. J. (2001b). Symptom properties as a function of ADHD type: An argument for continued study of sluggish cognitive tempo. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 29(3), 207–213. CrossRef McBurnett, K., Pfiffner, L. J., & Frick, P. J. (2001b). Symptom properties as a function of ADHD type: An argument for continued study of sluggish cognitive tempo. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 29(3), 207–213. CrossRef
go back to reference Penny, A. M., Waschbusch, D. A., Klein, R. M., Corkum, P., & Eskes, G. (2009b). Developing a measure of sluggish cognitive tempo for children: Content validity, factor structure, and reliability. Psychological Assessment, 21(3), 380–389. CrossRef Penny, A. M., Waschbusch, D. A., Klein, R. M., Corkum, P., & Eskes, G. (2009b). Developing a measure of sluggish cognitive tempo for children: Content validity, factor structure, and reliability. Psychological Assessment, 21(3), 380–389. CrossRef
go back to reference Polanczyk, G., De Lima, M. S., Horta, B. L., Biederman, J., & Rohde, L. A. (2007). The worldwide prevalence of ADHD: A systematic review and metaregression analysis. American journal of psychiatry. Polanczyk, G., De Lima, M. S., Horta, B. L., Biederman, J., & Rohde, L. A. (2007). The worldwide prevalence of ADHD: A systematic review and metaregression analysis. American journal of psychiatry.
go back to reference Willcutt, E. G., Nigg, J. T., Pennington, B. F., Solanto, M. V., Rohde, L. A., Tannock, R., et al. (2012). Validity of DSM-IV attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptom dimensions and subtypes. In Validity of DSM-IV attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptom dimensions and subtypes: American Psychological Association. CrossRef Willcutt, E. G., Nigg, J. T., Pennington, B. F., Solanto, M. V., Rohde, L. A., Tannock, R., et al. (2012). Validity of DSM-IV attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptom dimensions and subtypes. In Validity of DSM-IV attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptom dimensions and subtypes: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Distinguishing SCT Symptoms from ADHD in Children: Internal and External Validity in Turkish Culture
Auteurs
Sümeyra Fırat
Hesna Gül
Ayla Aysev
Publicatiedatum
15-07-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 4/2019
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-019-09750-1