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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 1/2022

19-10-2021 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Dispositional Mindfulness Reduces Burnout and Promotes Flourishing in Medical Students: a Two-Wave Latent Change Score Model

Auteurs: Denisse Zúñiga, Manuel Torres-Sahli, Attilio Rigotti, Nuria Pedrals, Guadalupe Echeverría, Oslando Padilla, Alejandra Lagos, Peter McColl, Olivia Trucco, Marcela Cisternas, Carolina González, Justo Bogado, Ana María Moraga, Patricio Altamirano, Esperanza Durán, Marcela Mansilla, Carolina Berríos, Ronald Epstein, Marcela Bitran

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 1/2022

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Abstract

Objectives

Many studies document the high prevalence of burnout among medical students. This syndrome may lead to depression, suicidal ideation, and increased academic dropout. However, there is a scarcity of evidence-based interventions to prevent it. The aim of this longitudinal study was to identify factors that may reduce students’ burnout and foster their well-being, and upon which effective interventions can be developed.

Methods

A total of 1,117 medical students from eight Chilean universities were asked to complete a set of validated scales in 2015 and 2 years later, in 2017. The measures included distress, burnout, positive mental health, academic engagement, and dispositional mindfulness. Using logistic regressions and a two-wave latent change score model, the predictive power of these variables on burnout and flourishing (an optimal state of mental health) was studied, as well as their covariance across time.

Results

In total, 639 (57.2%) students answered the questionnaires in T1 and T2; 54.4% reported burnout in T1 and 56.2% in T2. Levels of dispositional mindfulness (the ability to pay attention to one’s sensations, thoughts, and emotions in everyday life) predicted lower probabilities of burning out at 2 years, whereas having experienced burnout in T1 doubled these odds. Dispositional mindfulness, academic engagement, and flourishing at T1 predicted greater odds of flourishing 2 years later, while depression decreased these odds.

Conclusions

Dispositional mindfulness was the most powerful predictive factor of students’ burnout and flourishing. As dispositional mindfulness can be nurtured through practice, incorporating mindfulness training into undergraduate medical programs may help reduce burnout and promote students’ well-being as health professionals.
Literatuur
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Metagegevens
Titel
Dispositional Mindfulness Reduces Burnout and Promotes Flourishing in Medical Students: a Two-Wave Latent Change Score Model
Auteurs
Denisse Zúñiga
Manuel Torres-Sahli
Attilio Rigotti
Nuria Pedrals
Guadalupe Echeverría
Oslando Padilla
Alejandra Lagos
Peter McColl
Olivia Trucco
Marcela Cisternas
Carolina González
Justo Bogado
Ana María Moraga
Patricio Altamirano
Esperanza Durán
Marcela Mansilla
Carolina Berríos
Ronald Epstein
Marcela Bitran
Publicatiedatum
19-10-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 1/2022
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-021-01774-7