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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2006

01-07-2006 | Original paper

Discrimination in Autism Within Different Sensory Modalities

Auteurs: Michelle O’Riordan, Filippo Passetti

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2006

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Abstract

Recent studies have suggested that unusual visual processing in autism might stem from enhanced visual discrimination. Although there are also many anecdotal reports of auditory and tactile processing disturbances in autism these have received comparatively little attention. It is possible that the enhanced discrimination ability in vision in autism might extend to other modalities and further that they may underlie many reports of unusual touch and audition. The present study investigated the performance of children with and without autism on auditory and tactile discrimination tasks and revealed superior auditory but comparable tactile discrimination in autism relative to controls. These results extend previous findings of perceptual discrimination in autism and may be relevant for a neuro-developmental hypothesis of the disorder.
Voetnoten
1
Hypersensitivity is defined here as apparent excessive or abnormal sensitivity and distress to sensory stimuli which is evident in the behavioural reactions of the individual.
 
2
It is important to note that the three experiments presented here are not assessing absolute threshold in children with and without autism but rather group differences in the ability to discriminate between auditory and tactile stimuli.
 
3
To highlight that a simple difference in low-level perception could have far reaching ramifications is not to negate the possibility that hyper-perceptual discrimination may itself result from a failure of development of some other process or related neural structure, either within or outside the perceptual processing system.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Discrimination in Autism Within Different Sensory Modalities
Auteurs
Michelle O’Riordan
Filippo Passetti
Publicatiedatum
01-07-2006
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 5/2006
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0106-1