Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
To examine the effect of expectation–reality discrepancy in mediating the relationship between discrimination experience and quality of life (QOL) among rural-to-urban migrants in China.
A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1,006 rural-to-urban migrants in 2004–2005 in Beijing, China. QOL was measured using the Chinese version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF). The migrants were also asked to report their experience of being discriminated against in the urban areas (i.e., discrimination experience), and their perceived difference between premigratory expectation and postmigratory reality in the city (i.e., expectation–reality discrepancy). Structural equation modeling (SEM) method was employed to assess the mediation effect.
Discrimination experience not only had a direct significant negative effect on QOL among rural-to-urban migrants, but also had an indirect effect through expectation–reality discrepancy on their QOL. Migrants’ expectation–reality discrepancy exerted a partially mediation effect in the relationship between discrimination experience and QOL.
Health promotion and prevention programs in the future to improve migrants’ QOL should pay more attention to reducing the discrimination against migrants as well as helping migrants to reduce discrepancy between premigratory expectation and postmigratory reality.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Browne, S., Roe, M., Lane, A., Gervin, M., Morris, M., Kinsella, A., et al. (1996). Quality of life in schizophrenia: Relationship to sociodemographic factors, symptomatology and tardive dyskinesia. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 94, 118–124. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.1996.tb09835.x. PubMedCrossRef
Kessler, R. C., Mickelson, K. D., & Zhao, S. (1997). Patterns and correlates of self-help group membership in the United States. Social Policy, 27, 27–46.
Li, X., Stanton, B., Fang, X., & Lin, D. (2006). Social stigma and mental health among rural-to-urban migrants in China: A conceptual framework and future research needs. World Health & Population, 8(3), 14–31.
Li, X., Stanton, B., Fang, X., Xiong, Q., Yu, S., Lin, D., Hong, Y., Zhang, L., Chen, X., & Wang, B. Mental health symptoms among rural-to-urban migrants in China: A comparison with their urban and rural counterparts. (Submitted).
Li, X., Zhang, L., Fang, X., Xiong, Q., Chen, X., Lin, D., et al. (2007). Stigmatization experienced by rural-to-urban migrant workers in China: Findings from a qualitative study. Journal of World Health and Population, 9(4), 29–43. PubMed
Link, B. G., & Cullen, F. T. (1992). The labeling theory of mental disorders: A review of the evidence. In J. Greenley (Ed.), Mental illness in social context. Greenwich, CT: JAI.
McGuire, J., Li, X., & Wang, B. Social stigma and quality of life among rural-to-urban migrants in China: A Comparison with their rural counterparts. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, (Submitted).
National Bureau of Statistics of China. (2006). Communiqué on major data of 1% national population sample survey in 2005. Retrieved October 21, 2006, from http://www.stats.gov.cn/eNgliSH/newsandcomingevents/t20060322_402312182.htm.
Schnurr, P. P., Hayes, A. F., Lunney, C. A., McFall, M., & Uddo, M. (2006). Longitudinal analysis of the relationship between symptoms and quality of life in veterans treated for posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74, 707–713. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.74.4.707. PubMedCrossRef
Stryker, S., & Statham, A. (1985). Symbolic interaction and role theory. In G. Lindzey & E. Aronson (Eds.), Handbook of social psychology (pp. 311–378). NY: Random House.
WHOQOL Group. (1994). Development of the WHOQOL: Rationale and current status. International Journal of Mental Health, 23(3), 24–56.
Yao, G., Chung, C. W., Yu, C. F., & Wang, J. D. (2002). Development and verification of validity and reliability of the WHOQOL-BREF Taiwan version. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, 101(5), 342–351. PubMed
- Discrimination experience and quality of life among rural-to-urban migrants in China: the mediation effect of expectation–reality discrepancy
- Springer Netherlands