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27-06-2024 | Empirical Research

Discrepancies in Parent-Child Perception of Parental Control and Associations with Children’s Anxiety: The Buffering Effect of Parent-Child Closeness

Auteurs: Mengxiao Zhai, Wenxin Gao, Yafei Feng, Jingkang Jian, Fuzhen Xu

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence

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Abstract

Previous research has predominantly relied on single-informant reports to establish the association between parental control and children’s anxiety. However, there remains ambiguity regarding the extent to which discrepancies in parent-child reports of parental control are related to children anxiety. This study examined parent-child perceived discrepancies in parental control and their association with children’s anxiety, along with the moderated effect of parent-child closeness through cross-sectional and prospective analysis. The sample consisted of 790 children (Mage = 11.34, SD = 6.73, 45.60% for girls), with 741 father-child dyads and 760 mother-child dyads included. Data were analyzed using polynomial regressions with response surface analysis. The results indicated that children tended to perceive higher levels of parental psychological control and lower levels of behavioral control compared to their parents’ perceptions. In the cross-sectional analysis, a significant association between greater incongruence in psychological/behavioral control and higher levels of children’s anxiety at T1 was observed exclusively in father-child dyads. In prospective analysis, for both father-child and mother-child dyads, congruence in higher levels of psychological control was associated with higher levels of children’s anxiety at T2, while congruence in higher levels of behavioral control was associated with lower levels of children’s anxiety at T2. Additionally, greater incongruence in psychological/behavioral control was linked to higher levels of children’s anxiety at T2. Furthermore, mother-child closeness emerged as a significant moderator such that perceived incongruence in psychological/behavioral control could not affect children’s anxiety at T2 in the high mother-child closeness condition. These findings highlight the significance of considering parent-child congruence and incongruence when examining the impact of parental control on children’s anxiety.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Discrepancies in Parent-Child Perception of Parental Control and Associations with Children’s Anxiety: The Buffering Effect of Parent-Child Closeness
Auteurs
Mengxiao Zhai
Wenxin Gao
Yafei Feng
Jingkang Jian
Fuzhen Xu
Publicatiedatum
27-06-2024
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-024-02038-y