Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The online version of this article (https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01580-9) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
With the rise of internal migration in China, research has shown parental migration is linked to adolescent psychological adjustment, but little is known about the corresponding adjustment among left-behind adolescents in urban areas. More importantly, the protective factors for their adjustment are still sparsely covered in the literature. Guided by a risk and resilience ecological framework, the current study compares internalizing problem behavior (IPB) and externalizing problem behavior (EPB) between urban left-behind adolescents and their non-left-behind counterparts in mainland China. It also examines whether the direct and interactive effects of peer attachment and two facets of grit—perseverance of effort (PE) and consistency of interests (CI)—can mitigate problem behaviors in urban left-behind adolescents.
A propensity score matching analysis was used to balance the two groups concerning age, gender, socioeconomic status, and family functioning. Finally, 246 left-behind adolescents (53.6% girls) and 492 non-left-behind counterparts (55.1% girls) aged 13–18 years were involved in this study.
Urban left-behind adolescents perceived higher levels of IPB and EPB compared to non-left-behind peers. Moreover, higher levels of PE buffered the association between peer attachment and IPB, whereas lower levels of PE exacerbated the association between peer attachment and EPB for urban left-behind adolescents only. Additionally, higher levels of CI buffered the association between peer attachment and EPB for both groups.
This study concludes that peer attachment and PE have protective roles in mitigating problem behaviors among urban left-behind adolescents.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Ai, T., Xu, Q., Li, X., & Li, D. (2017). Interparental conflict and Chinese adolescents’ suicide ideation and suicide attempts: the mediating role of peer victimization. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 26, 3502–3511. CrossRef
Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Integrative guide for the 1991 CBCL/4-18, YSR, and TRF profiles. Burlington, VT: Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont.
Armsden, G. C., & Greenberg, M. T. (1987). The inventory of parent and peer attachment: individual differences and their relationship to psychological well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 16, 427–454. CrossRef
Blalock, D. V., Young, K. C., & Kleiman, E. M. (2015). Stability amidst turmoil: grit buffers the effects of negative life events on suicidal ideation. Psychiatry Research, 228, 781–784. CrossRef
Bowlby, J. (1979). The Bowlby-Ainsworth attachment theory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 2, 637–638. CrossRef
Carver, C. S., & Scheier, M. F. (2011). Self-regulation of action and affect. In K. D. Vohs & R. F. Baumeister (Eds), Handbook of self-regulation (pp. 3–21). New York, NY: Guilford.
Cheung, R. Y., Leung, M. C., Chung, K. K. H., & Cheung, H. Y. (2018). Family risks and adolescent adjustment in Chinese contexts: testing the mediating role of emotional intelligence. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 27, 3887–3896. CrossRef
Corcoran, J., & Nichols-Casebolt, A. (2004). Risk and resilience ecological framework for assessment and goal formulation. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 21, 211–235. CrossRef
Credé, M., Tynan, M. C., & Harms, P. D. (2017). Much ado about grit: a meta-analytic synthesis of the grit literature. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 113, 492–511. CrossRef
Datu, J. A. D., & Fong, R. W. (2018). Examining the association of grit with test emotions among Hong Kong Chinese primary school students. School Psychology International, 39, 510–525. CrossRef
Datu, J. A. D., King, R. B., Valdez, J. P. M., & Eala, M. S. M. (2018). Grit is associated with lower depression via meaning in life among Filipino high school students. Youth and Society. https://doi.org/10.1177/0044118X18760402.
Datu, J. A. D., Valdez, J. P. M., & King, R. B. (2016a). Perseverance counts but consistency does not! Validating the short grit scale in a collectivist setting. Current Psychology, 35, 121–130. CrossRef
Datu, J. A. D., Valdez, J. P. M., & King, R. B. (2016b). The successful life of gritty students: grit leads to optimal educational and well-being outcomes in a collectivist context. In R. B. King and A. B. I. Bernardo (Eds.), The psychology of Asian learners: a festschrift in honor of David Watkins (pp. 503–516). Singapore: Springer Asia.
Datu, J. A. D., Yuen, M., & Chen, G. (2017). Grit and determination: a review of literature with implications for theory and research. Journal of Psychologists and Counsellors in Schools, 27, 168–176. CrossRef
Datu, J. A. D., Yuen, M., & Chen, G. (2018). The triarchic model of grit is linked to academic success and well-being among Filipino high school students. School Psychology Quarterly, 33, 428–438. CrossRef
de Ridder, D. T. D., & de Wit, J. B. F. (2006). Self-regulation in health behaviour: Concepts, theories, and central issues. In D. T. D. de Ridder & J. B. F. de Wit (Eds), Self-regulation in health behaviour (pp. 1–23) . W. Sussex, UK: Wiley and Sons.
Disabato, D. J., Goodman, F. R., & Kashdan, T. B. (2019). Is grit relevant to well‐being and strengths? Evidence across the globe for separating perseverance of effort and consistency of interests. Journal of Personality, 82, 1–18.
Dong, B., Zhao, F., Wu, X. S., Wang, W. J., Li, Y. F., Zhang, Z. H., & Sun, Y. H. (2018). Social anxiety may modify the relationship between Internet addiction and its determining factors in Chinese adolescents. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1–13.
Duckworth, A. L., Peterson, C., Matthews, M. D., & Kelly, D. R. (2007). Grit: perseverance and passion for long-term goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 1087–1101. CrossRef
Duckworth, A. L., & Quinn, P. D. (2009). Development and validation of the short grit scale (GRIT–S). Journal of Personality Assessment, 91, 166–174. CrossRef
Duckworth, A., & Gross, J. J. (2014). Self-control and grit: related but separable determinants of success. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23, 319–325. CrossRef
Ivcevic, Z., & Brackett, M. (2014). Predicting school success: comparing conscientiousness, grit, and emotion regulation ability. Journal of Research in Personality, 52, 29–36. CrossRef
Ge, Y., Se, J., & Zhang, J. (2014). Research on relationship among Internet addiction, personality traits and mental health of urban left-behind children. Global. Journal of Health Science, 7, 60–69.
Gold, T., Guthrie, D., & Wank, D. (2002). Social connections in China: institutions, culture, and the changing nature of guanxi. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gorrese, A. (2016). Peer attachment and youth internalizing problems: a meta-analysis. Child and Youth Care Forum, 45, 177–204. CrossRef
Gorrese, A., & Ruggieri, R. (2012). Peer attachment: a meta-analytic review of gender and age differences and associations with parent attachment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 41, 650–672. CrossRef
La Greca, A. M., & Harrison, H. M. (2005). Adolescent peer relations, friendships, and romantic relationships: do they predict social anxiety and depression? Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 34, 49–61. CrossRef
Lan, X., Ma, C., & Radin, R. (2019). Parental autonomy support and psychological well-being in Tibetan and Han emerging adults: a serial multiple mediation model. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 621. CrossRef
Lan, X., Marci, T., & Moscardino, U. (2019). Parental autonomy support, grit, and psychological adjustment in Chinese adolescents from divorced families. Journal of Family Psychology, 33, 511–520. CrossRef
Lan, X., & Moscardino, U. (2019). Direct and interactive effects of perceived teacher-student relationship and grit on student wellbeing among stay-behind early adolescents in urban China. Learning and Individual Differences, 69, 129–137. CrossRef
Lan, X., Wang, W., & Radin, R. (2019). Depressive symptoms in emerging adults with early left-behind experiences in rural China. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 24, 339–355. CrossRef
Li, J., Zhao, Y., Lin, L., Chen, J., & Wang, S. (2018). The freedom to persist: belief in free will predicts perseverance for long-term goals among Chinese adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 121, 7–10. CrossRef
Li, X., Zou, H., & Wang, L. (2009). A comparative study on school adjustment between migrant children in public schools and those in migrant worker children’s schools. Chinese Journal of Special Education, 111, 81–86.
Madigan, S., Brumariu, L. E., Villani, V., Atkinson, L., & Lyons-Ruth, K. (2016). Representational and questionnaire measures of attachment: a meta-analysis of relations to child internalizing and externalizing problems. Psychological Bulletin, 142, 367–399. CrossRef
National Health and Family Planning Commission (2017). Report on China’s migrant population development. Beijing: China Population Press.
Pan, Y., Zhang, D., Liu, Y., Ran, G., & Teng, Z. (2016). Different effects of paternal and maternal attachment on psychological health among Chinese secondary school students. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25, 2998–3008. CrossRef
Pan, Y., Zhang, D., Liu, Y., Ran, G., & Wang, Z. (2016). Attachment and internalizing symptoms: the mediating role of regulatory emotional self-efficacy among Chinese young adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 101, 360–365. CrossRef
Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J. Y., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioral research: a critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 879–903. CrossRef
R. Core Team (2017). R: a language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. http://www.R-project.org/.
Rosseel, Y. (2012). lavaan: an R Package for structural equation. Journal of Statistical Software, 48, 1–36. CrossRef
Shek, D. T. L. (2002). Assessment of family functioning in Chinese adolescents: the Chinese version of the family assessment device. Research on Social Work Practice, 12, 502–524. CrossRef
Shi, B., & Shen, J. (2007). The relations among family SES, intelligence, intrinsic motivation and creativity. Psychological Development and Education, 23, 30–34.
Ştefan, C. A., & Avram, J. (2017). Investigating direct and indirect effects of attachment on internalizing and externalizing problems through emotion regulation in a cross-sectional study. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 26, 2311–2323. CrossRef
Sun, M., Xue, Z., Zhang, W., Guo, R., Hu, A., Li, Y., & Rosenheck, R. (2017). Psychotic-like experiences, trauma and related risk factors among “left-behind” children in China. Schizophrenia Research, 181, 43–48. CrossRef
Tang, W., Wang, G., Hu, T., Dai, Q., Xu, J., Yang, Y., & Xu, J. (2018). Mental health and psychosocial problems among Chinese left-behind children: a cross-sectional comparative study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 241, 133–141. CrossRef
Teubert, D., & Pinquart, M. (2010). The association between coparenting and child adjustment: a meta-analysis. Parenting, 10, 286–307. CrossRef
Wang, F., Zhou, X., & Hesketh, T. (2017). Psychological adjustment and behaviours in children of migrant workers in China. Child: Care, Health and Development, 43, 884–890.
Wang, L., Feng, Z., Yang, G., Yang, Y., Dai, Q., Hu, C., & Zhao, M. (2015). The epidemiological characteristics of depressive symptoms in the left-behind children and adolescents of Chongqing in China. Journal of Affective Disorders, 177, 36–41. CrossRef
White, E. J., Kraines, M. A., Tucker, R. P., Wingate, L. R., Wells, T. T., & Grant, D. M. (2017). Rumination’s effect on suicide ideation through grit and gratitude: a path analysis study. Psychiatry Research, 251, 97–102. CrossRef
Zhao, F., & Yu, G. (2016). Parental migration and rural left-behind children’s mental health in China: a meta-analysis based on mental health test. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25, 3462–3472. CrossRef
Zhang, Y. L., Zhang, Y. L., Zhang, Y. X., Wang, J. L., & Hung, C. Y. (2011). Reliability and validity of Chinese version of revised inventory of parent and peer attachment in junior students. Chinese Mental Health Journal, 25, 66–70.
- Direct and Interactive Effects of Peer Attachment and Grit on Mitigating Problem Behaviors Among Urban Left-Behind Adolescents
- Springer US
Journal of Child and Family Studies
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843