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01-08-2014 | Uitgave 6/2014

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 6/2014

Dimensions of Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Young Children: Heterotypic Continuity with Anxiety and Depression

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology > Uitgave 6/2014
Auteurs:
John V. Lavigne, Karen R. Gouze, Fred B. Bryant, Joyce Hopkins
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10802-014-9853-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Author Note

John V. Lavigne and Karen R. Gouze, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago and Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University; Fred B. Bryant, Department of Psychology, Loyola University Chicago; Joyce Hopkins, College of Psychology, Illinois Institute of Technology.
This research was supported by National Institute of Mental Health grant MH 063665.

Abstract

There are distinct dimensions of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) that have been associated with symptoms of other disorders (heterotypic continuity). The present study compared the heterotypic continuity of a two-factor (Pitt-2) model and the three-factor model incorporated into DSM-5 with symptoms of anxiety and depression. Participants were a diverse community sample of 796 children (38.8 % minority, 49.1 % boys) assessed at ages 4, 5 and 6 years. Symptoms were assessed with the dimensional scales of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children-Young Child version and the Child Symptom Inventory. Dimensions of both the two- and three-factor DSM-5 models were associated with later symptoms of anxiety and depression. The association, however, was weak when accounting for initial levels of internalizing symptoms: thus there was little evidence for the unique contributions of ODD dimensions to symptoms of subsequent internalizing disorders for either model.

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10802_2014_9853_MOESM1_ESM.docx
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