Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The present study examined Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) in relation to ADHD symptoms, clinical diagnosis, and multiple aspects of adjustment in a clinical sample. Parent and teacher reports were gathered for 322 children and adolescents evaluated for behavioral, emotional, and/or learning problems at a university clinic. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) supported the presence of three separate, but correlated factors (SCT, inattention, and hyperactivity/impulsivity) in both parent and teacher ratings. As expected, SCT symptoms were greatest in youth with ADHD Inattentive type, but were also found in non-ADHD clinical groups. SCT symptoms were related to inattention, internalizing, and social problems across both parent and teacher informants; for parent reports, SCT was also related to more externalizing problems. Findings support the statistical validity of the SCT construct, but its clinical utility is still unclear.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Achenbach, T. (1991). Manual for the child behavior checklist/4–18 and 1991 Profile. Burlington: University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry.
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. text revision.
Bauermeister, J. J., Bird, H. R., Canino, G., Rubio-Stipec, M., Bravo, M., & Alegria, M. (1995). Dimensions of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: findings from teacher and parent reports in a community sample. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 24, 264–271. CrossRef
Bernstein, I. H., & Teng, G. (1989). Factoring items and factoring scales are different: Spurious evidence for multidimensionality due to item categorization. Psychological Bulletin, 105, 467–477. CrossRef
Biderman, J., Newcorn, J., & Sprich, S. (1991). Comorbidity of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with conduct, depressive, anxiety, and other disorders. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 148, 564–577.
Carlson, C. L., & Mann, M. (2002). Sluggish cognitive tempo predicts a different pattern of impairment in ADHD, predominantly inattentive type. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31, 123–129. PubMed
DuPaul, G. J., Power, T. P., Anastopoulos, A. D., & Reid, R. (1998). ADHD rating scale-IV. New York: Guilford.
Kline, T. J. B. (2005). Psychological testing: A practical approach to design and evaluation (p. 35). Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Lahey, B. B., Pelham, W. E., Schaughency, E. A., Atkins, M. S., Murphy, H. A., Hynd, G. W., et al. (1988). Dimensions and types of attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity in children: a factor and cluster analytic approach. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27, 330–335. CrossRefPubMed
Lahey, B. B., Applegate, B., McBurnett, K., Biederman, J., Greenhill, L., Hynd, G. W., et al. (1994). DSM-IV field trials for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 151, 1673–1685. PubMed
Milich, R., Balentine, A. C., & Lynam, D. R. (2001). ADHD combined type and ADHD predominantly inattentive type are distinct and unrelated disorders. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 8, 463–488. CrossRef
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2006). Mplus version 4.2 [Computer program]. Los Angeles: Muthén & Muthén.
Muthén, B., du Toit, S. H. C., & Spisic, D. (1997). Robust inference using weighted least squares and quadratic estimating equations in latent variable modeling with categorical and continuous outcomes. Los Angeles: University of California, Unpublished manuscript.
Todd, R. D., Rasmussen, E. R., Wood, C., Levy, F., & Hay, D. A. (2004). Should sluggish cognitive tempo symptoms be included in the diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder? Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43(5), 491–503. CrossRef
- Dimensions and Correlates of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Sluggish Cognitive Tempo
Annie A. Garner
Janice C. Marceaux
- Springer US