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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2012

01-05-2012 | Original Paper

Differentiation of High-Functioning Autism and Asperger’s Disorder Based on Neuromotor Behaviour

Auteurs: Ashwini Nayate, Bruce J. Tonge, John L. Bradshaw, Jennifer L. McGinley, Robert Iansek, Nicole J. Rinehart

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2012

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Abstract

Autism and Asperger’s disorder (AD) are characterised by impairments in social interaction, stereotypic behaviours or restricted interests. Although currently listed as distinct clinical disorders, the validity of their distinction remains controversial. This study examined gait in children with autism and AD. Eleven children with high-functioning autism and eleven children with AD completed a series of walking tasks. Results indicated distinct movement disturbance; these findings are discussed in light of seminal papers in this field by Vilensky et al. (Arch Neurol 38:646–649, 1981) and Hallett et al. (Arch Neurol 50:1304–1308, 1993) who interpret the gait of individuals with autism using parkinsonian and cerebellar-ataxia patient models, respectively. Distinctions in gait patterns implicating perhaps unique motor circuit disturbances support the hypothesis that autism and AD may have unique neurodevelopmental trajectories.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Differentiation of High-Functioning Autism and Asperger’s Disorder Based on Neuromotor Behaviour
Auteurs
Ashwini Nayate
Bruce J. Tonge
John L. Bradshaw
Jennifer L. McGinley
Robert Iansek
Nicole J. Rinehart
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 5/2012
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-011-1299-5

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