Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 6/2008

01-07-2008 | Original Paper

Differentiating Forms and Functions of Aggression in Emerging Adults: Associations with Hostile Attribution Biases and Normative Beliefs

Auteurs: Christopher A. Bailey, Jamie M. Ostrov

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 6/2008

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to extend the current literature on forms (i.e., physical and relational) and functions (i.e., proactive and reactive) of participants’ cognitions and beliefs about aggressive behavior. Participants included an ethnically diverse group of emerging adults (N = 165; M = 19.05 years; SD = 1.55) and completed a battery of self-report instruments. Gender differences for subtypes of physical aggression were found. Impulsivity was associated with all subtypes of aggression. Results showed that reactive physical aggression was uniquely associated with hostile attribution biases for instrumental provocation situations. Reactive relational aggression was uniquely associated with hostile attribution biases for relational provocation scenarios. Findings indicated links between self-reported subtypes of aggressive behavior and normative beliefs of aggression. Ways in which this study extends the extant literature are discussed.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
go back to reference Barratt, E. S., Stanford, M. S., Kent, T. A., & Felthous, A. (1997). Neuropsychological and cognitive psychophysiological substrates of impulsive aggression. Biological Psychiatry, 41, 1045–1061. PubMedCrossRef Barratt, E. S., Stanford, M. S., Kent, T. A., & Felthous, A. (1997). Neuropsychological and cognitive psychophysiological substrates of impulsive aggression. Biological Psychiatry, 41, 1045–1061. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bjorkqvist, K. (1994). Sex differences in physical, verbal, and indirect aggression: A review of recent research. Sex Roles, 30, 177–188. CrossRef Bjorkqvist, K. (1994). Sex differences in physical, verbal, and indirect aggression: A review of recent research. Sex Roles, 30, 177–188. CrossRef
go back to reference Bonica, C., Yeshova, K., Arnold, D. H., Fisher, P. H., & Zeljo, A. (2003). Relational aggression and language development in preschoolers. Social Development, 12, 551–562. CrossRef Bonica, C., Yeshova, K., Arnold, D. H., Fisher, P. H., & Zeljo, A. (2003). Relational aggression and language development in preschoolers. Social Development, 12, 551–562. CrossRef
go back to reference Buss, A. H., & Perry, M. (1992). The aggression questionnaire. Personality Processes and Individual Differences, 63, 452–459. Buss, A. H., & Perry, M. (1992). The aggression questionnaire. Personality Processes and Individual Differences, 63, 452–459.
go back to reference Connor, D. F., Steingard, R. J., Cunningham, J. A., Anderson, J. J., & Melloni Jr. R. H. (2004). Proactive and reactive aggression in referred children and adolescents. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 74, 129–136. PubMedCrossRef Connor, D. F., Steingard, R. J., Cunningham, J. A., Anderson, J. J., & Melloni Jr. R. H. (2004). Proactive and reactive aggression in referred children and adolescents. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 74, 129–136. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Crain, M. M., Finch, C. L., & Foster, S. L. (2005). The relevance of the social information processing model for understanding relational aggression in girls. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 51, 213–249. CrossRef Crain, M. M., Finch, C. L., & Foster, S. L. (2005). The relevance of the social information processing model for understanding relational aggression in girls. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 51, 213–249. CrossRef
go back to reference Crick, N. R. (1995). Relational aggression: The role of intent attributions, feelings of distress, and provocation type. Developmental and Psychopathology, 7, 313–322. CrossRef Crick, N. R. (1995). Relational aggression: The role of intent attributions, feelings of distress, and provocation type. Developmental and Psychopathology, 7, 313–322. CrossRef
go back to reference Crick, N. R., & Dodge, K. A. (1994). A review and reformulation of social information-processing mechanisms in children’s social adjustment. Psychological Bulletin, 115, 74–101. CrossRef Crick, N. R., & Dodge, K. A. (1994). A review and reformulation of social information-processing mechanisms in children’s social adjustment. Psychological Bulletin, 115, 74–101. CrossRef
go back to reference Crick, N. R., & Dodge, K. A. (1996). Social information-processing mechanisms in reactive and proactive aggression. Child Development, 67, 993–1002. PubMedCrossRef Crick, N. R., & Dodge, K. A. (1996). Social information-processing mechanisms in reactive and proactive aggression. Child Development, 67, 993–1002. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Crick, N. R., & Grotpeter, J. K. (1995). Relational aggression, gender, and social-psychological adjustment. Child Development, 66, 710–722. PubMedCrossRef Crick, N. R., & Grotpeter, J. K. (1995). Relational aggression, gender, and social-psychological adjustment. Child Development, 66, 710–722. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Crick, N. R., Grotpeter, J. K., & Bigbee, M. A. (2002). Relationally and physically aggressive children’s intent attributions and feelings of distress for relational and instrumental peer conflicts. Child Development, 73, 1134–1142. Crick, N. R., Grotpeter, J. K., & Bigbee, M. A. (2002). Relationally and physically aggressive children’s intent attributions and feelings of distress for relational and instrumental peer conflicts. Child Development, 73, 1134–1142.
go back to reference Dodge, K. A. (1991). The structure and function of reactive and proactive aggression. In D. J. Pepler, & K. H. Rubin (Eds.), The development and treatment of childhood aggression (pp. 201–218). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Dodge, K. A. (1991). The structure and function of reactive and proactive aggression. In D. J. Pepler, & K. H. Rubin (Eds.), The development and treatment of childhood aggression (pp. 201–218). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
go back to reference Dodge, K. A., & Coie, J. D., (1987). Social-information-processing factors in reactive and proactive aggression in children’s peer groups. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 1146–1158. PubMedCrossRef Dodge, K. A., & Coie, J. D., (1987). Social-information-processing factors in reactive and proactive aggression in children’s peer groups. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 1146–1158. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Dodge, K. A., Coie, J. D., & Lynam, D. (2006). Aggression and antisocial behavior in youth. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, emotional, and personality development (6th ed., pp. 719–788). New York: Wiley. Dodge, K. A., Coie, J. D., & Lynam, D. (2006). Aggression and antisocial behavior in youth. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, emotional, and personality development (6th ed., pp. 719–788). New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Dodge, K. A., Laird, R., Lochman, J. E., Zelli, A., & Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group (2002). Multidimensional latent-construct analysis of children’s social information processing patterns: Correlations with aggressive behavior problems. Psychological Assessment, 14, 60–73. PubMedCrossRef Dodge, K. A., Laird, R., Lochman, J. E., Zelli, A., & Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group (2002). Multidimensional latent-construct analysis of children’s social information processing patterns: Correlations with aggressive behavior problems. Psychological Assessment, 14, 60–73. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Dodge, K. A., & Pettit, G. S. (2003). A biopsychosocial model of the development of chronic conduct problems in adolescents. Developmental Psychology, 39, 349–371. PubMedCrossRef Dodge, K. A., & Pettit, G. S. (2003). A biopsychosocial model of the development of chronic conduct problems in adolescents. Developmental Psychology, 39, 349–371. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Egan, S. K., Monson, T. C., & Perry, D. G. (1998). Social-cognitive influences on change in aggression over time. Developmental Psychology, 34, 996–1006. PubMedCrossRef Egan, S. K., Monson, T. C., & Perry, D. G. (1998). Social-cognitive influences on change in aggression over time. Developmental Psychology, 34, 996–1006. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference French, D. C., Jansen, E. A., & Pidada, S. (2002). United States and Indonesian Children’s and adolescents’ reports of relational aggression by disliked peers. Child Development, 73, 1143–1150. PubMedCrossRef French, D. C., Jansen, E. A., & Pidada, S. (2002). United States and Indonesian Children’s and adolescents’ reports of relational aggression by disliked peers. Child Development, 73, 1143–1150. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Giles, J. W., & Heyman, G. D. (2005). Young children’s beliefs about the relationship between gender and aggressive behavior. Child Development, 76, 107–121. PubMedCrossRef Giles, J. W., & Heyman, G. D. (2005). Young children’s beliefs about the relationship between gender and aggressive behavior. Child Development, 76, 107–121. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Harmon-Jones, E., Barratt, E. S., & Wigg, C. (1996). Impulsiveness, aggression, reading, and the p300 of the event-related potential. Personality and Individual Differences, 22, 439–445. CrossRef Harmon-Jones, E., Barratt, E. S., & Wigg, C. (1996). Impulsiveness, aggression, reading, and the p300 of the event-related potential. Personality and Individual Differences, 22, 439–445. CrossRef
go back to reference Hart, C. H., Nelson, D. A., Robinson, C. C., Olsen, S. F., & McNeilly-Choque, M. K., (1998). Overt and relational aggression in Russian nursery-school-age children: Parenting style and marital linkages. Developmental Psychology, 34, 687–697. PubMedCrossRef Hart, C. H., Nelson, D. A., Robinson, C. C., Olsen, S. F., & McNeilly-Choque, M. K., (1998). Overt and relational aggression in Russian nursery-school-age children: Parenting style and marital linkages. Developmental Psychology, 34, 687–697. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hawley, P. H. (2003). Strategies of control, aggression, and morality in preschoolers: An evolutionary perspective. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 85, 213–235. PubMedCrossRef Hawley, P. H. (2003). Strategies of control, aggression, and morality in preschoolers: An evolutionary perspective. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 85, 213–235. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Helfritz, L. E., & Stanford, M. S. (2006). Personality and psychopathology in an impulsive aggressive college sample. Aggressive Behavior, 32, 28–37. CrossRef Helfritz, L. E., & Stanford, M. S. (2006). Personality and psychopathology in an impulsive aggressive college sample. Aggressive Behavior, 32, 28–37. CrossRef
go back to reference Houston, R. J., Stanford, M. S., Villemarette-Pittman, N. R., Conklin, S. M., & Helfritz, L. E. (2003). Neurobiological correlates and clinical implications of aggressive subtypes. Journal of Forensic Neuropsychology, 3, 67–87. CrossRef Houston, R. J., Stanford, M. S., Villemarette-Pittman, N. R., Conklin, S. M., & Helfritz, L. E. (2003). Neurobiological correlates and clinical implications of aggressive subtypes. Journal of Forensic Neuropsychology, 3, 67–87. CrossRef
go back to reference Huesmann, L. R., & Guerra, N. G. (1997). Children’s normative beliefs about aggression and aggressive behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 408–419. PubMedCrossRef Huesmann, L. R., & Guerra, N. G. (1997). Children’s normative beliefs about aggression and aggressive behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 408–419. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Huesmann, L. R., Guerra, N. G., Zelli, A., & Miller, L. (1992). Differing normative beliefs about aggression for boys and girls. In K. Björkqvist, & P. Niemelä (Eds.), Of mice and women: aspects of female aggression (pp. 77–87). San Diego, CA: Academic. Huesmann, L. R., Guerra, N. G., Zelli, A., & Miller, L. (1992). Differing normative beliefs about aggression for boys and girls. In K. Björkqvist, & P. Niemelä (Eds.), Of mice and women: aspects of female aggression (pp. 77–87). San Diego, CA: Academic.
go back to reference Kline, R. B. (1998). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York: Guilford Press. Kline, R. B. (1998). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Leff, S. S., Angelucci, J., Goldstein, A. B., Cardaciotto, L., Paskewich, B., & Grossman, M. B. (2007). Using a participatory action research model to create a school-based Intervention program for relationally aggressive girls—The Friend to Friend Program. In J. E. Zins, M. J. Elias, & C. A. Maher (Eds.), Bullying, victimization, and peer harassment: A handbook of prevention and intervention (pp. 199–218). New York, NY: Hawthorn Press. Leff, S. S., Angelucci, J., Goldstein, A. B., Cardaciotto, L., Paskewich, B., & Grossman, M. B. (2007). Using a participatory action research model to create a school-based Intervention program for relationally aggressive girls—The Friend to Friend Program. In J. E. Zins, M. J. Elias, & C. A. Maher (Eds.), Bullying, victimization, and peer harassment: A handbook of prevention and intervention (pp. 199–218). New York, NY: Hawthorn Press.
go back to reference Lemerise, E. A., Gregory, D. S., & Fredstrom, B. K. (2005). The influence of provocateurs’ emotion displays on the social information processing of children varying in social adjustment and age. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 90, 344–366. PubMedCrossRef Lemerise, E. A., Gregory, D. S., & Fredstrom, B. K. (2005). The influence of provocateurs’ emotion displays on the social information processing of children varying in social adjustment and age. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 90, 344–366. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Linder, J. R., Crick, N. R., & Collins, W. A. (2002). Relational aggression and victimization in young adults’ romantic relationships: Associations with perceptions of parent, peer, and romantic relationship quality. Social Development, 11, 69–86. CrossRef Linder, J. R., Crick, N. R., & Collins, W. A. (2002). Relational aggression and victimization in young adults’ romantic relationships: Associations with perceptions of parent, peer, and romantic relationship quality. Social Development, 11, 69–86. CrossRef
go back to reference Little, T. D., Jones, S. M., Henrich, C. C., & Hawley, P. H. (2003). Disentangling the “whys” from the “whats” of aggressive behavior. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 27, 122–133. CrossRef Little, T. D., Jones, S. M., Henrich, C. C., & Hawley, P. H. (2003). Disentangling the “whys” from the “whats” of aggressive behavior. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 27, 122–133. CrossRef
go back to reference Loudin, J. L., Loukas, A., & Robinson, S. (2003). Relational aggression in college Students: Examining the roles of social anxiety and empathy. Aggressive Behavior, 29, 430–439. CrossRef Loudin, J. L., Loukas, A., & Robinson, S. (2003). Relational aggression in college Students: Examining the roles of social anxiety and empathy. Aggressive Behavior, 29, 430–439. CrossRef
go back to reference Mathias, C. W., & Stanford, M. S. (1999). P300 under standard and surprise conditions in self-reported impulsive aggression. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry, 23, 1037–1051. CrossRef Mathias, C. W., & Stanford, M. S. (1999). P300 under standard and surprise conditions in self-reported impulsive aggression. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry, 23, 1037–1051. CrossRef
go back to reference Nelson, D. A., & Crick, N. R. (1999). Rose-colored glasses: Examining the social information-processing of prosocial young adolescents. Journal of Early Adolescents, 19, 17–38. CrossRef Nelson, D. A., & Crick, N. R. (1999). Rose-colored glasses: Examining the social information-processing of prosocial young adolescents. Journal of Early Adolescents, 19, 17–38. CrossRef
go back to reference Ostrov, J. M. (2006). Deception and subtypes of aggression in early childhood. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 93, 322–336. PubMedCrossRef Ostrov, J. M. (2006). Deception and subtypes of aggression in early childhood. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 93, 322–336. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ostrov, J. M., & Crick, N. R. (2007). Forms and functions of aggression during early childhood: A short-term longitudinal study. School Psychology Review, 36, 22–43. Ostrov, J. M., & Crick, N. R. (2007). Forms and functions of aggression during early childhood: A short-term longitudinal study. School Psychology Review, 36, 22–43.
go back to reference Ostrov, J. M., Crick, N. R., & Keating, C. F. (2005). Gender-biased perceptions of preschoolers’ behavior: How much is aggression and prosocial behavior in the eye of the beholder? Sex Roles, 52, 393–397. CrossRef Ostrov, J. M., Crick, N. R., & Keating, C. F. (2005). Gender-biased perceptions of preschoolers’ behavior: How much is aggression and prosocial behavior in the eye of the beholder? Sex Roles, 52, 393–397. CrossRef
go back to reference Ostrov, J. M., & Godleski, S. A. (2007). Relational aggression, victimization, and language development: Implications for practice. Topics in Language Disorders, 27, 146–166. CrossRef Ostrov, J. M., & Godleski, S. A. (2007). Relational aggression, victimization, and language development: Implications for practice. Topics in Language Disorders, 27, 146–166. CrossRef
go back to reference Ostrov, J. M., & Keating, C. F. (2004). Gender differences in preschool aggression during free play and structured interactions: An observational study. Social Development, 13, 255–275. CrossRef Ostrov, J. M., & Keating, C. F. (2004). Gender differences in preschool aggression during free play and structured interactions: An observational study. Social Development, 13, 255–275. CrossRef
go back to reference Patton, J. H., Stanford, M. S., & Barratt, E. S. (1995). Factor structure of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 51, 768–774. PubMedCrossRef Patton, J. H., Stanford, M. S., & Barratt, E. S. (1995). Factor structure of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 51, 768–774. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Prinstein, M. J., & Cillessen, A. H. N., (2003). Forms and functions of adolescent peer Aggression associated with high levels of peer status. Merrill-Palmer Quaterly, 49, 310–342. CrossRef Prinstein, M. J., & Cillessen, A. H. N., (2003). Forms and functions of adolescent peer Aggression associated with high levels of peer status. Merrill-Palmer Quaterly, 49, 310–342. CrossRef
go back to reference Ramirez, J. M., & Andreu, J. M. (2005). Aggression and some related psychological constructs (anger, hostility, and impulsivity). Some comments from a research project. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 30, 276–291. PubMedCrossRef Ramirez, J. M., & Andreu, J. M. (2005). Aggression and some related psychological constructs (anger, hostility, and impulsivity). Some comments from a research project. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 30, 276–291. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Raine, A., Dodge, K., Loeber, R., Gatzke-Kopp, L., Lynam, D., Reynolds, C., Stouthamer-Loeber, M., & Liu, J. (2006). The reactive-proactive aggression questionnaire: Differential correlates of reactive and proactive aggression in adolescent boys. Aggressive Behavior, 32, 159–171. CrossRefPubMed Raine, A., Dodge, K., Loeber, R., Gatzke-Kopp, L., Lynam, D., Reynolds, C., Stouthamer-Loeber, M., & Liu, J. (2006). The reactive-proactive aggression questionnaire: Differential correlates of reactive and proactive aggression in adolescent boys. Aggressive Behavior, 32, 159–171. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Seroczynski, A. D., Bergeman, C. S., & Coccaro, E. F. (1999). Etiology of the impulsive/aggression relationship: Genes or environment? Psychiatry Research, 86, 41–57. PubMedCrossRef Seroczynski, A. D., Bergeman, C. S., & Coccaro, E. F. (1999). Etiology of the impulsive/aggression relationship: Genes or environment? Psychiatry Research, 86, 41–57. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Shahinfar, A., Kupersmidt, J. B., & Matza, L. S. (2001). The relation between exposure to violence and social information processing among incarcerated adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110, 136–141. PubMedCrossRef Shahinfar, A., Kupersmidt, J. B., & Matza, L. S. (2001). The relation between exposure to violence and social information processing among incarcerated adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110, 136–141. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Stanford, M. S., Greve, K. W., & Dickens, T. J. (1995). Irritability and impulsiveness: Relationship to self-reported impulsive aggression. Personality and Individual Differences, 19, 757–760. CrossRef Stanford, M. S., Greve, K. W., & Dickens, T. J. (1995). Irritability and impulsiveness: Relationship to self-reported impulsive aggression. Personality and Individual Differences, 19, 757–760. CrossRef
go back to reference Stanford, M. S., Houston, R. J., Mathias, C. W., Villemarette-Pittman, N. R., Helfritz, L. E., & Conklin, S. M. (2003). Characterizing aggressive behavior. Assessment, 10, 183–90. PubMedCrossRef Stanford, M. S., Houston, R. J., Mathias, C. W., Villemarette-Pittman, N. R., Helfritz, L. E., & Conklin, S. M. (2003). Characterizing aggressive behavior. Assessment, 10, 183–90. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tomada, G., & Schneider, B. H. (1997). Relational aggression, gender, and peer acceptance: Invariance across cultures, stability over time, and concordance among informants. Developmental Psychology, 33, 601–609. PubMedCrossRef Tomada, G., & Schneider, B. H. (1997). Relational aggression, gender, and peer acceptance: Invariance across cultures, stability over time, and concordance among informants. Developmental Psychology, 33, 601–609. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Werner, N. E., & Crick, N. R. (1999) Relational aggression and social-psychological adjustment in a college sample. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 108(4), 615–623. PubMedCrossRef Werner, N. E., & Crick, N. R. (1999) Relational aggression and social-psychological adjustment in a college sample. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 108(4), 615–623. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Werner, N. E., & Nixon, C. L. (2005). Normative beliefs and relational aggression: An investigation of the cognitive bases of adolescent aggressive behavior. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34(3), 229–243. CrossRef Werner, N. E., & Nixon, C. L. (2005). Normative beliefs and relational aggression: An investigation of the cognitive bases of adolescent aggressive behavior. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34(3), 229–243. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Differentiating Forms and Functions of Aggression in Emerging Adults: Associations with Hostile Attribution Biases and Normative Beliefs
Auteurs
Christopher A. Bailey
Jamie M. Ostrov
Publicatiedatum
01-07-2008
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 6/2008
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-007-9211-5