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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 6/2020

25-04-2020 | Empirical Research

Differential Correlates of Positive and Negative Risk Taking in Adolescence

Auteurs: Natasha Duell, Laurence Steinberg

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 6/2020

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Abstract

Positive risks benefit adolescent development without posing the same public safety concerns as negative risks, but little is understood about the psychological characteristics of positive risk taking. This study explored the shared and unique correlates of positive and negative risk taking in 223 adolescents (48% female) ages 16–20 years (M = 18.1; SD = 0.81). Positive and negative risk taking were both associated with higher sensation seeking. Unlike negative risk taking, positive risk taking was not associated with impulsivity or risk taking on experimental tasks. Further, positive risk taking was associated with lower reward sensitivity, higher punishment sensitivity, and greater school engagement than negative risk taking. The findings offer new insights for prevailing models of adolescent risk behavior and suggest positive risk taking may be particularly beneficial in the school context.
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Voetnoten
1
The positive risk taking scale was administered for the first time during the ninth wave of data collection. During this wave, the scale was only administered in the United States sample.
 
2
One item from the original eight-item Benthin scale (“vandalism”) was omitted due to low participant endorsement (<5%).
 
3
BART data from two participants were excluded due to technical errors that resulted in unusable data.
 
4
Various technical difficulties with the Stoplight task resulted in the loss or exclusion of data for 54 subjects. Although data are assumed to be missing at random, results from these analyses should be interpreted with caution.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Differential Correlates of Positive and Negative Risk Taking in Adolescence
Auteurs
Natasha Duell
Laurence Steinberg
Publicatiedatum
25-04-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 6/2020
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-020-01237-7

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