Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 2/2022

15-01-2022 | Empirical Research

Differences in Physical Fitness and Body Composition Between Active and Sedentary Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Auteurs: Adrián Mateo-Orcajada, Noelia González-Gálvez, Lucía Abenza-Cano, Raquel Vaquero-Cristóbal

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 2/2022

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Previous research analyzing the differences in physical fitness and body composition between active and sedentary adolescents aged 12–16 has not provided conclusive results. For this reason, a systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted to provide an overview of the results obtained to date. The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to investigate the differences in the physical fitness and body composition of adolescents who engaged in daily physical activity and those who were inactive. A search in PubMed, EBSCO, and Web of Sciences databases was performed. A total of 13,884 articles were reviewed and 11 were included in the meta-analysis. In the physical fitness performance, significantly higher values in cardiorespiratory fitness, hamstring and lower back flexibility, sit-ups and upper limb resistance were found in active compared to the inactive participants. In body composition, the inactive group showed significantly higher values in variables related to body fat, mainly in body fat percentage, fat mass and fat mass index compared to the active group. The results revealed that maintaining an active lifestyle through physical activity is a determining factor in improving the physical fitness and body composition of adolescents aged 12–16 years. The study design of the systematic review was previously registered in PROSPERO with code CRD42021241975. https://​www.​crd.​york.​ac.​uk/​prospero/​display_​record.​php?​RecordID=​241975.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
go back to reference Alvero-Cruz, J. R., Armesilla, M. D. C., De Lucas, A. H., Riaza, L. M., Pascual, C. M., & Manzañido, J. P. (2010). Protocolo de valoración de la composición corporal para el reconocimiento médico-deportivo. documento de consenso del grupo español de cineantropometría (grec)de la federación española de medicina del deporte (femede). Versión 2010. Archivos de Medicina del Deporte, 27(139), 330–344. Alvero-Cruz, J. R., Armesilla, M. D. C., De Lucas, A. H., Riaza, L. M., Pascual, C. M., & Manzañido, J. P. (2010). Protocolo de valoración de la composición corporal para el reconocimiento médico-deportivo. documento de consenso del grupo español de cineantropometría (grec)de la federación española de medicina del deporte (femede). Versión 2010. Archivos de Medicina del Deporte, 27(139), 330–344.
go back to reference Artero, E. G., España-Romero, V., Ortega, F. B., Jiménez-Pavón, D., Ruiz, J. R., Vicente-Rodríguez, G., Bueno, M., Marcos, A., Gómez-Martínez, S., Urzanqui, A., González-Gross, M., Moreno, L. A., Gutiérrez, A., & Castillo, M. J. (2010). Health-related fitness in adolescents: Underweight, and not only overweight, as an influencing factor. The AVENA study. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 20(3), 418–427. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1111/​j.​1600-0838.​2009.​00959.​x. CrossRefPubMed Artero, E. G., España-Romero, V., Ortega, F. B., Jiménez-Pavón, D., Ruiz, J. R., Vicente-Rodríguez, G., Bueno, M., Marcos, A., Gómez-Martínez, S., Urzanqui, A., González-Gross, M., Moreno, L. A., Gutiérrez, A., & Castillo, M. J. (2010). Health-related fitness in adolescents: Underweight, and not only overweight, as an influencing factor. The AVENA study. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 20(3), 418–427. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1111/​j.​1600-0838.​2009.​00959.​x. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Arya, R., Farook, V. S., Fowler, S. P., Puppala, S., Chittoor, G., Resendez, R. G., Mummidi, S., Vanamala, J., Almasy, L., Curran, J. E., Comuzzie, A. G., Lehman, D. M., Jenkinson, C. P., Lynch, J. L., DeFronzo, R. A., Blangero, J., Hale, D. E., Duggirala, R., & Diego, V. P. (2018). Genetic and environmental (physical fitness and sedentary activity) interaction effects on cardiometabolic risk factors in Mexican American children and adolescents. Genetic Epidemiology, 42(4), 378–393. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1002/​gepi.​22114. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Arya, R., Farook, V. S., Fowler, S. P., Puppala, S., Chittoor, G., Resendez, R. G., Mummidi, S., Vanamala, J., Almasy, L., Curran, J. E., Comuzzie, A. G., Lehman, D. M., Jenkinson, C. P., Lynch, J. L., DeFronzo, R. A., Blangero, J., Hale, D. E., Duggirala, R., & Diego, V. P. (2018). Genetic and environmental (physical fitness and sedentary activity) interaction effects on cardiometabolic risk factors in Mexican American children and adolescents. Genetic Epidemiology, 42(4), 378–393. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1002/​gepi.​22114. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Bruce, M., Thorpe, R., Teng, F., Heitman, E., Reneker, J., Norris, K., & Beech, B. (2021). Social and behavioral factors associated with bmi and waist circumference among adolescents: the jackson heart kids pilot study. Ethnicity & Disease, 31(3), 453–460. CrossRef Bruce, M., Thorpe, R., Teng, F., Heitman, E., Reneker, J., Norris, K., & Beech, B. (2021). Social and behavioral factors associated with bmi and waist circumference among adolescents: the jackson heart kids pilot study. Ethnicity & Disease, 31(3), 453–460. CrossRef
go back to reference Bubanj, S., Sekeljic, G., Markovic, J., & Mazic, S. (2017). How safe is the “flexed arm hang test”? Acta Kinesiologica, 11(2), 111–118. Bubanj, S., Sekeljic, G., Markovic, J., & Mazic, S. (2017). How safe is the “flexed arm hang test”? Acta Kinesiologica, 11(2), 111–118.
go back to reference Clemons, J. (2014). Construct validity of a modification of the flexed arm hang test. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28(12), 3523–3530. CrossRef Clemons, J. (2014). Construct validity of a modification of the flexed arm hang test. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28(12), 3523–3530. CrossRef
go back to reference Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, MI, USA: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, MI, USA: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference De Milander, M. (2011). Motor proficiency and physical fitness in active and inactive girls aged 12 to 13 years. South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation, 33(3), 11–22. De Milander, M. (2011). Motor proficiency and physical fitness in active and inactive girls aged 12 to 13 years. South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation, 33(3), 11–22.
go back to reference Espinoza-Salinas, A., González-Jurado, J., Molina-Sotomayor, E., Fuentes-Barría, H., Farías-Valenzuela, C., & Arenas-Sánchez, G. (2020). Mobilization, transport and oxidation of fatty acids: physiological mechanisms associated with weight loss. Journal of Sport and Health Research, 12(Supl 3), 303–312. Espinoza-Salinas, A., González-Jurado, J., Molina-Sotomayor, E., Fuentes-Barría, H., Farías-Valenzuela, C., & Arenas-Sánchez, G. (2020). Mobilization, transport and oxidation of fatty acids: physiological mechanisms associated with weight loss. Journal of Sport and Health Research, 12(Supl 3), 303–312.
go back to reference Ferrari, G. L., de, M., Kovalskys, I., Fisberg, M., Gómez, G., Rigotti, A., Sanabria, L. Y. C., García, M. C. Y., Torres, R. G. P., Herrera-Cuenca, M., Zimberg, I. Z., Guajardo, V., Pratt, M., Cristi-Montero, C., Rodríguez-Rodríguez, F., Scholes, S., Celis-Morales, C. A., Chaput, J.-P., Solé, D., & on behalf of the ELANS Study Group (2020). Socio-demographic patterning of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviours in eight Latin American countries: Findings from the ELANS study. European Journal of Sport Science, 20(5), 670–681. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1080/​17461391.​2019.​1678671. Ferrari, G. L., de, M., Kovalskys, I., Fisberg, M., Gómez, G., Rigotti, A., Sanabria, L. Y. C., García, M. C. Y., Torres, R. G. P., Herrera-Cuenca, M., Zimberg, I. Z., Guajardo, V., Pratt, M., Cristi-Montero, C., Rodríguez-Rodríguez, F., Scholes, S., Celis-Morales, C. A., Chaput, J.-P., Solé, D., & on behalf of the ELANS Study Group (2020). Socio-demographic patterning of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviours in eight Latin American countries: Findings from the ELANS study. European Journal of Sport Science, 20(5), 670–681. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1080/​17461391.​2019.​1678671.
go back to reference Gea-García, G. M., González-Gálvez, N., Espeso-García, A., Marcos-Pardo, P. J., González-Fernández, F. T., & Martínez-Aranda, L. M. (2020). Relationship between the practice of physical activity and physical fitness in physical education students: the integrated regulation as a mediating variable. Frontiers in Psychology, 11(July), 1–14. https://​doi.​org/​10.​3389/​fpsyg.​2020.​01910. CrossRef Gea-García, G. M., González-Gálvez, N., Espeso-García, A., Marcos-Pardo, P. J., González-Fernández, F. T., & Martínez-Aranda, L. M. (2020). Relationship between the practice of physical activity and physical fitness in physical education students: the integrated regulation as a mediating variable. Frontiers in Psychology, 11(July), 1–14. https://​doi.​org/​10.​3389/​fpsyg.​2020.​01910. CrossRef
go back to reference Golubic, R., Wijndaele, K., Sharp, S. J., Simmons, R. K., Griffin, S. J., Wareham, N. J., Ekelund, U., Brage, S., & ProActive Study Group (2015). Physical activity, sedentary time and gain in overall and central body fat: 7-year follow-up of the ProActive trial cohort. International Journal of Obesity, 39(1), 142–148. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1038/​ijo.​2014.​66. CrossRefPubMed Golubic, R., Wijndaele, K., Sharp, S. J., Simmons, R. K., Griffin, S. J., Wareham, N. J., Ekelund, U., Brage, S., & ProActive Study Group (2015). Physical activity, sedentary time and gain in overall and central body fat: 7-year follow-up of the ProActive trial cohort. International Journal of Obesity, 39(1), 142–148. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1038/​ijo.​2014.​66. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Güvenç, A., Açikada, C., Aslan, A., & Özer, K. (2011). Daily physical activity and physical fitness in 11-to 15-year-old trained and untrained Turkish boys. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 10(3), 502–514. PubMedPubMedCentral Güvenç, A., Açikada, C., Aslan, A., & Özer, K. (2011). Daily physical activity and physical fitness in 11-to 15-year-old trained and untrained Turkish boys. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 10(3), 502–514. PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Herrero, A., & Cabañas, M. D. (2009). La cineantropometría como índice de salud y de patología. In M. Cabañas & F. Esparza-Ros (Eds.), Compendio de Cineantropometría (pp. 349–368). Madrid: CTO Editorial. Herrero, A., & Cabañas, M. D. (2009). La cineantropometría como índice de salud y de patología. In M. Cabañas & F. Esparza-Ros (Eds.), Compendio de Cineantropometría (pp. 349–368). Madrid: CTO Editorial.
go back to reference Jelenkovic, A., Sund, R., Yokoyama, Y., Latvala, A., Sugawara, M., Tanaka, M., Matsumoto, S., Freitas, D. L., Maia, J. A., Knafo-Noam, A., Mankuta, D., Abramson, L., Ji, F., Ning, F., Pang, Z., Rebato, E., Saudino, K. J., Cutler, T. L., Hopper, J. L., Ullemar, V., Almqvist, C., Magnusson, P. K. E., Cozen, W., Hwang, A. E., Mack, T. M., Nelson, T. L., Whitfield, K. E., Sung, J., Kim, J., Lee, J., Lee, S., Llewellyn, C. H., Fisher, A., Medda, E., Nisticò, L., Toccaceli, V., Baker, L. A., Tuvblad, C., Corley, R. P., Huibregtse, B. M., Derom, C. A., Vlietinck, R. F., Loos, R. J. F., Burt, S. A., Klump, K. L., Silberg, J. L., Maes, H. H., Krueger, R. F., McGue, M., Pahlen, S., Gatz, M., Butler, D. A., Harris, J. R., Brandt, I., Nilsen, T. S., Paige Harden, K., Tucker-Drob, E. M., Franz, C. E., Kremen, W. S., Lyons, M. J., Lichtenstein, P., Bartels, M., van Beijsterveldt, C. E. M., Willemsen, G., Öncel, S. Y., Aliev, F., Jeong, H.-U., Hur, Y.-M., Turkheimer, E., Boomsma, D. I., Sørensen, T. I. A., Kaprio, J., & Silventoinen, K. (2020). Genetic and environmental influences on human height from infancy through adulthood at different levels of parental education. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 1–11. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1038/​s41598-020-64883-8. CrossRef Jelenkovic, A., Sund, R., Yokoyama, Y., Latvala, A., Sugawara, M., Tanaka, M., Matsumoto, S., Freitas, D. L., Maia, J. A., Knafo-Noam, A., Mankuta, D., Abramson, L., Ji, F., Ning, F., Pang, Z., Rebato, E., Saudino, K. J., Cutler, T. L., Hopper, J. L., Ullemar, V., Almqvist, C., Magnusson, P. K. E., Cozen, W., Hwang, A. E., Mack, T. M., Nelson, T. L., Whitfield, K. E., Sung, J., Kim, J., Lee, J., Lee, S., Llewellyn, C. H., Fisher, A., Medda, E., Nisticò, L., Toccaceli, V., Baker, L. A., Tuvblad, C., Corley, R. P., Huibregtse, B. M., Derom, C. A., Vlietinck, R. F., Loos, R. J. F., Burt, S. A., Klump, K. L., Silberg, J. L., Maes, H. H., Krueger, R. F., McGue, M., Pahlen, S., Gatz, M., Butler, D. A., Harris, J. R., Brandt, I., Nilsen, T. S., Paige Harden, K., Tucker-Drob, E. M., Franz, C. E., Kremen, W. S., Lyons, M. J., Lichtenstein, P., Bartels, M., van Beijsterveldt, C. E. M., Willemsen, G., Öncel, S. Y., Aliev, F., Jeong, H.-U., Hur, Y.-M., Turkheimer, E., Boomsma, D. I., Sørensen, T. I. A., Kaprio, J., & Silventoinen, K. (2020). Genetic and environmental influences on human height from infancy through adulthood at different levels of parental education. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 1–11. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1038/​s41598-020-64883-8. CrossRef
go back to reference Kallio, P., Pahkala, K., Heinonen, O., Tammelin, T., Palve, K., & Hirvensalo, M. (2021). Physical inactivity from youth to adulthood and adult cardiometabolic risk profile. Preventive Medicine, 145(1), 1–8. Kallio, P., Pahkala, K., Heinonen, O., Tammelin, T., Palve, K., & Hirvensalo, M. (2021). Physical inactivity from youth to adulthood and adult cardiometabolic risk profile. Preventive Medicine, 145(1), 1–8.
go back to reference Khatun, A., Mukhopadhyay, A., & Bose, K. (2016). Adiposity and body composition in relation to physical activity status among Muslim adolescents of North 24 Parganas, West Bengal. Journal of the Indian Anthropological Society, 51(1), 168–176. Khatun, A., Mukhopadhyay, A., & Bose, K. (2016). Adiposity and body composition in relation to physical activity status among Muslim adolescents of North 24 Parganas, West Bengal. Journal of the Indian Anthropological Society, 51(1), 168–176.
go back to reference Kristiansen, H., Eide, G. E., Brannsether, B., Roelants, M., Bjerknes, R., & Júlíusson, P. B. (2018). Associations between different weight-related anthropometric traits and lifestyle factors in Norwegian children and adolescents: A case for measuring skinfolds. American Journal of Human Biology, 30(6), 1–10. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1002/​ajhb.​23187. CrossRef Kristiansen, H., Eide, G. E., Brannsether, B., Roelants, M., Bjerknes, R., & Júlíusson, P. B. (2018). Associations between different weight-related anthropometric traits and lifestyle factors in Norwegian children and adolescents: A case for measuring skinfolds. American Journal of Human Biology, 30(6), 1–10. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1002/​ajhb.​23187. CrossRef
go back to reference Kyung-Hwan, K. (2017). The analysis of muscle activation of pectoralis major muscle according to orientation of wrist and elbow during push-ups. Journal of Sport and Leisure Studies, 69(1), 365–373. Kyung-Hwan, K. (2017). The analysis of muscle activation of pectoralis major muscle according to orientation of wrist and elbow during push-ups. Journal of Sport and Leisure Studies, 69(1), 365–373.
go back to reference Liberati, A., Altman, D. G., Tetzlaff, J., Mulrow, C., Gøtzsche, P. C., & Ioannidis, J. P. A. (2009). The PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate healthcare interventions: explanation and elaboration. BMJ, 339(b2700), 1–27. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1136/​bmj.​b2700. CrossRef Liberati, A., Altman, D. G., Tetzlaff, J., Mulrow, C., Gøtzsche, P. C., & Ioannidis, J. P. A. (2009). The PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate healthcare interventions: explanation and elaboration. BMJ, 339(b2700), 1–27. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1136/​bmj.​b2700. CrossRef
go back to reference Pazdro-Zastawny, K., Kolator, M., Krajewska, J., Basiak-Rasała, A., Górna, S., Paluszkiewicz, P., Zatoński, M., & Zatoński, T. (2020). Lifestyle-related factors differentiating the prevalence of otorhinolaryngological diseases among 6-17-year-olds from Wroclaw, Poland. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 132(2019), 10–14. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1016/​j.​ijporl.​2020.​109934. CrossRef Pazdro-Zastawny, K., Kolator, M., Krajewska, J., Basiak-Rasała, A., Górna, S., Paluszkiewicz, P., Zatoński, M., & Zatoński, T. (2020). Lifestyle-related factors differentiating the prevalence of otorhinolaryngological diseases among 6-17-year-olds from Wroclaw, Poland. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 132(2019), 10–14. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1016/​j.​ijporl.​2020.​109934. CrossRef
go back to reference Rendo-Urteaga, T., de Moraes, A. C., Collese, T. S., Manios, Y., Hagströmer, M., Sjöström, M., Kafatos, A., Widhalm, K., Vanhelst, J., Marcos, A., González-Gross, M., De Henauw, S., Ciarapica, D., Ruiz, J. R., España-Romero, V., Molnár, D., Carvalho, H. B., Moreno, L. A., & HELENA Study Group (2015). The combined effect of physical activity and sedentary behaviors on a clustered cardio-metabolic risk score: The Helena study. International Journal of Cardiology, 186, 186–195. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1016/​j.​ijcard.​2015.​03.​176. CrossRefPubMed Rendo-Urteaga, T., de Moraes, A. C., Collese, T. S., Manios, Y., Hagströmer, M., Sjöström, M., Kafatos, A., Widhalm, K., Vanhelst, J., Marcos, A., González-Gross, M., De Henauw, S., Ciarapica, D., Ruiz, J. R., España-Romero, V., Molnár, D., Carvalho, H. B., Moreno, L. A., & HELENA Study Group (2015). The combined effect of physical activity and sedentary behaviors on a clustered cardio-metabolic risk score: The Helena study. International Journal of Cardiology, 186, 186–195. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1016/​j.​ijcard.​2015.​03.​176. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Renninger, M., Hansen, B. H., Steene-Johannessen, J., Kriemler, S., Froberg, K., Northstone, K., Sardinha, L., Anderssen, S. A., Andersen, L. B., Ekelund, U., & International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD) Collaborators. (2020). Associations between accelerometry measured physical activity and sedentary time and the metabolic syndrome: A meta-analysis of more than 6000 children and adolescents. Pediatric Obesity, 15(1), 1–9. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1111/​ijpo.​12578. CrossRef Renninger, M., Hansen, B. H., Steene-Johannessen, J., Kriemler, S., Froberg, K., Northstone, K., Sardinha, L., Anderssen, S. A., Andersen, L. B., Ekelund, U., & International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD) Collaborators. (2020). Associations between accelerometry measured physical activity and sedentary time and the metabolic syndrome: A meta-analysis of more than 6000 children and adolescents. Pediatric Obesity, 15(1), 1–9. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1111/​ijpo.​12578. CrossRef
go back to reference Sekeljic, G., Stamatovic, M., & Markovic, Z. (2015). Characteristic of hang arm bent motor test. Activities in Physical Education & Sport, 5(1), 106–109. Sekeljic, G., Stamatovic, M., & Markovic, Z. (2015). Characteristic of hang arm bent motor test. Activities in Physical Education & Sport, 5(1), 106–109.
go back to reference Slaughter, M. H., Lohman, T. G., Boileau, R., Horswill, C., Stillman, R., Van Loan, M., & Bemben, D. (1988). Skinfold equations for estimation of body fatness in children and youth. Human Biology, 60(5), 709–723. PubMed Slaughter, M. H., Lohman, T. G., Boileau, R., Horswill, C., Stillman, R., Van Loan, M., & Bemben, D. (1988). Skinfold equations for estimation of body fatness in children and youth. Human Biology, 60(5), 709–723. PubMed
go back to reference Sterne, J. A., Sutton, A. J., Ioannidis, J. P., Terrin, N., Jones, D. R., Lau, J., Carpenter, J., Rücker, G., Harbord, R. M., Schmid, C. H., Tetzlaff, J., Deeks, J. J., Peters, J., Macaskill, P., Schwarzer, G., Duval, S., Altman, D. G., Moher, D., & Higgins, J. P. (2011). Recommendations for examining and interpreting funnel plot asymmetry in meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials. BMJ (Online), 343(7818), 1–8. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1136/​bmj.​d4002. CrossRef Sterne, J. A., Sutton, A. J., Ioannidis, J. P., Terrin, N., Jones, D. R., Lau, J., Carpenter, J., Rücker, G., Harbord, R. M., Schmid, C. H., Tetzlaff, J., Deeks, J. J., Peters, J., Macaskill, P., Schwarzer, G., Duval, S., Altman, D. G., Moher, D., & Higgins, J. P. (2011). Recommendations for examining and interpreting funnel plot asymmetry in meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials. BMJ (Online), 343(7818), 1–8. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1136/​bmj.​d4002. CrossRef
go back to reference Thomas, E., Bianco, A., Tabacchi, G., Marques da Silva, C., Loureiro, N., Basile, M., Giaccone, M., Sturm, D. J., Şahin, F. N., Güler, Ö., Gómez-López, M., López Sánchez, G. F., Pajaujiene, S., Zuoziene, I. J., Rada, A., Alesi, M., & Palma, A. (2020). Effects of a physical activity intervention on physical fitness of schoolchildren: The enriched sport activity program. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(5), 1723 https://​doi.​org/​10.​3390/​ijerph17051723. CrossRefPubMedCentral Thomas, E., Bianco, A., Tabacchi, G., Marques da Silva, C., Loureiro, N., Basile, M., Giaccone, M., Sturm, D. J., Şahin, F. N., Güler, Ö., Gómez-López, M., López Sánchez, G. F., Pajaujiene, S., Zuoziene, I. J., Rada, A., Alesi, M., & Palma, A. (2020). Effects of a physical activity intervention on physical fitness of schoolchildren: The enriched sport activity program. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(5), 1723 https://​doi.​org/​10.​3390/​ijerph17051723. CrossRefPubMedCentral
go back to reference Vaquero-Cristóbal, R., Albaladejo-Saura, M., Luna-Badachi, A. E., & Esparza-Ros, F. (2020). Differences in fat mass estimation formulas in physically active adult population and relationship with sums of skinfolds. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(21), 1–13. https://​doi.​org/​10.​3390/​ijerph17217777. CrossRef Vaquero-Cristóbal, R., Albaladejo-Saura, M., Luna-Badachi, A. E., & Esparza-Ros, F. (2020). Differences in fat mass estimation formulas in physically active adult population and relationship with sums of skinfolds. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(21), 1–13. https://​doi.​org/​10.​3390/​ijerph17217777. CrossRef
go back to reference Von Elm, E., Altman, D. G., Egger, M., Pocock, S. J., Gøtzsche, P. C., & Vandenbroucke, J. P. (2008). Declaración de la iniciativa STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology): Directrices para la comunicación de estudios observacionales. Gaceta Sanitaria, 22(2), 144–150. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1157/​13119325. CrossRef Von Elm, E., Altman, D. G., Egger, M., Pocock, S. J., Gøtzsche, P. C., & Vandenbroucke, J. P. (2008). Declaración de la iniciativa STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology): Directrices para la comunicación de estudios observacionales. Gaceta Sanitaria, 22(2), 144–150. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1157/​13119325. CrossRef
go back to reference Citations with an * were included in the meta-analysis. Citations with an * were included in the meta-analysis.
Metagegevens
Titel
Differences in Physical Fitness and Body Composition Between Active and Sedentary Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Auteurs
Adrián Mateo-Orcajada
Noelia González-Gálvez
Lucía Abenza-Cano
Raquel Vaquero-Cristóbal
Publicatiedatum
15-01-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 2/2022
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-021-01552-7

Andere artikelen Uitgave 2/2022

Journal of Youth and Adolescence 2/2022 Naar de uitgave