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13-04-2018 | ORIGINAL PAPER | Uitgave 6/2018

Mindfulness 6/2018

Diary Study: the Protective Role of Self-Compassion on Stress-Related Poor Sleep Quality

Tijdschrift:
Mindfulness > Uitgave 6/2018
Auteurs:
Yueqin Hu, Yuyin Wang, Yifang Sun, Javier Arteta-Garcia, Stephanie Purol

Abstract

Two studies were designed to examine the role of self-compassion on sleep quality. One hundred and forty-two participants completed a one-time survey in which they reported their trait level self-compassion, sleep quality assessment and perceived stress over last month. Mediation analysis using regression and bootstrapping indicated that self-compassion was positively related to sleep quality assessment, and this relationship was mediated by perceived stress. Higher levels of self-compassion were associated with lower levels of perceived stress, and the latter were linked to better sleep. A 2-week diary study with a subsample of fifty-nine participants was followed to examine the effect of self-compassion on sleep outcomes within and between individual on a daily basis. Participants rated their stressor of the day before bed and sleep quality upon awakening. Multilevel models supported the positive effect of self-compassion on everyday sleep outcomes. Specifically, self-compassion buffered the negative effect of daily stressor on sleep latency. Experiencing stressful events during the day were associated with taking a longer time to fall asleep at night, except for participants with higher levels of self-compassion. Higher levels of self-compassion were also indirectly associated with a better mood and more alertness upon awakening. Self-compassion could benefit sleep quality both through the buffering effect and the indirect effect.

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