Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The present study examined diagnostic differentiation between school-aged children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and children with pragmatic language impairment (PLI). Standardized diagnostic instruments were used to investigate the relationship between severity of ‘autism triad’ impairments and group membership. The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule was administered to 19 children with PLI and 22 children with ASD. Parents completed the Social Communication Questionnaire. There was a significant difference between diagnostic groups in the level of the severity of behaviors represented by the Communication and Reciprocal Social Interaction sub-domains on both diagnostic measures. Currently displayed Repetitive and Restricted Behaviors and Interests were not found to be useful for differentiating between groups. The similarities found between groups have important implications for intervention.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Adams, C. (2001). Clinical diagnostic and intervention studies of children with semantic-pragmatic language disorder. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 36, 289–305.
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th edn. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Bishop, D. V. (2000). Pragmatic language impairment: A correlate of SLI, a distinct subgroup or part of the autistic continuum? In D. V. M. Bishop & L. B. Leonard (Eds.), Speech and language impairments in children: Causes, characteristics, intervention, and outcome (pp. 99–114). Hove: Psychology Press.
Bishop, D. V. (2003b). Children’s communication checklist, 2nd edn. London: The Psychological Corporation.
Boucher, J. (2003). Language development in autism. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 67S1, S159–S163.
Dunn, L. M., & Dunn, L. M. (1997). Peabody picture vocabulary test-III. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Services.
Ketelaars, M. P., Cuperus, J., Jansonius, K., & Verhoeven, L. (2009). Pragmatic language impairment and associated behavioural problems [Electronic version]. International Journal of Communication Disorders, 28, 1.
Klin, A., McPartland, J., & Volkmar, F. (2005). Asperger syndrome. In F. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders: Diagnosis, development, neurobiology, and behaviour (3rd ed., pp. 88–125). New York: Wiley.
Kolevzon, A., Smith, C. J., Schmeidler, J., Buxbaum, J. D., & Silverman, J. M. (2004). Familial symptom domains in monozygotic siblings with autism. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B (Neuropsychiatric Genetics), 129B, 76–81. CrossRef
Konstantareas, M. (2005). Anxiety and Depression in Children and Adolescents with Asperger Syndrome. In K. Stoddart (Ed.), Children, youth, and adults with asperger syndrome. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Levine, M. N. (1986). Manual of the Leiter international performance scale. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P. C., & Risi, S. (2003). Autism diagnostic observation schedule (ADOS). Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
Lubker, B. B., & Tomblin, J. B. (1998). Epidemiology: Informing clinical practice and research on language disorders of children. Topics in Language Disorders, 19, 1–26. CrossRef
Mulligan, A., Anney, R. J., O’Regan, M., Chen, W., Butler, L., Fitzgerald, M., et al. (2008). Autism symptoms in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A familial trait which correlates with conduct, oppositional defiant, language and motor disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders (in press).
Nelson, H. D., Nygren, P., Walker, M., & Panoscha, R. (2006). Screening for speech and language delay in preschool children: Systematic evidence review for the US Preventative Services Task Force. Pediatrics, 117, 298–319. CrossRef
Norbury, C. F., Nash, M., Baird, G., & Bishop, D. (2004). Using a parental checklist to identify diagnostic groups in children with communication impairment: A validation of the Children’s Communication Checklist-2. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 39, 345–364. PubMedCrossRef
Rapin, I., & Allen, D. A. (1983). Developmental language disorders: Nosological considerations. In U. Kirk (Ed.), Neuropsychology of language, Reading and spelling. New York: Academic Press.
Roid, G. H., & Miller, L. J. (1997). Leiter international performance scale-revised. Wood Dale, IL: Stoelting.
Ronald, A., Happé, F., Bolton, P., Butcher, L. M., Price, T. S., Wheelwright, S., et al. (2006a). Genetic heritability between the three components of the autism spectrum: A twin study. Journal of the American Academy of Child an Adolescent Psychiatry, 45, 691–699. CrossRef
Ronald, A., Happé, F., Price, T. S., Baron-Cohen, S., & Plomin, R. (2006b). Phenotypic and genetic overlap between autistic traits at the extremes of the general population. Journal of the American Academy of Child an Adolescent Psychiatry, 45, 1206–1214. CrossRef
Rutter, M., Bailey, A., & Lord, C. (2003). The Social Communication Questionnaire. Lo Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
Steiman, M., Simon, R., Reisinger, L., & Fombonne, E. (2010). Trends in autism rates: Is there an epidemic? In E. Garralda & J.-P. Raynaud (Eds.), Increasing awareness of child and adolescent mental health. London: IACAPAP.
Willinger, U., Brunner, E., Diendorfer-Radner, G., Sams, J., Sirsch, U., & Eisenwort, B. (2003). Behaviour in children with language development disorders. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 48, 607–614.
- Diagnostic Differentiation of Autism Spectrum Disorders and Pragmatic Language Impairment
Lisa M. Reisinger
Kim M. Cornish
- Springer US