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07-01-2023 | Original Article

Development of a Forced Choice Assessment of Appearance Importance: The Appearance Preference Task (APT)

Auteurs: Tapan A. Patel, Berta J. Summers, Jesse R. Cougle

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 2/2023

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Abstract

Background

Appearance importance is a core transdiagnostic construct that has been identified in the maintenance of body-image pathology that has primarily been measured through self-report questionnaires.

Methods

The Appearance Preference Task (APT) is a 33-item computerized forced-choice task designed to measure appearance importance. In Study 1, the latent factor structure of the original 34 items was evaluated in a sample of undergraduate women (N = 300) through the use of principal axis factoring. In Study 2, this factor structure was replicated in another sample of women (N = 367) utilizing confirmatory factor analysis, and the validity of the APT was assessed by observing its relationship with measures of appearance importance and clinically relevant symptoms.

Results

The 33-item APT was found to be an internally consistent three-dimensional measure. The APT demonstrated appropriate convergent and divergent validity and was also associated with symptoms of eating pathology, body dysmorphic disorder, and appearance anxiety.

Conclusion

The present investigation provides preliminary support for the APT’s potential utility as a novel assessment of appearance importance.
Bijlagen
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Voetnoten
1
While appearance importance and overvaluation are used interchangeably, the present paper refers to this construct as appearance importance.
 
2
McDonald’s Omega was chosen over Cronbach’s alpha given its robustness in handling underestimation that is typical of Cronbach’s alpha.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Development of a Forced Choice Assessment of Appearance Importance: The Appearance Preference Task (APT)
Auteurs
Tapan A. Patel
Berta J. Summers
Jesse R. Cougle
Publicatiedatum
07-01-2023
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 2/2023
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-022-10341-w

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