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Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 6/2014

01-12-2014 | Original Article

Development and Validation of the Youth Obsessive–Compulsive Symptoms Scale (YOCSS)

Auteurs: Elien De Caluwé, Barbara De Clercq

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 6/2014

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Abstract

From the existing self-report measures for youth Obsessive–Compulsive (OC) symptoms, several challenges can be delineated to further improve the assessment of youth OC-related pathology. The current manuscript incorporates these challenges and reports on the development and validation of a new self-report OC scale for younger age groups, that was labeled the Youth Obsessive–Compulsive Symptoms Scale (YOCSS), assessing OC symptoms and impairment in adolescents (three independent samples: N = 336; N = 289; and N = 209). Study 1 reports on the construction of the items and facets, and their higher-order structure, whereas Study 2 focuses on the confirmation of this structure, measurement invariance across age, and on the convergent and incremental predictive validity. These psychometric analyses resulted in ten symptom facets (structured in three domains) and one impairment facet, and further suggest that the YOCSS is a promising tool for describing early OC symptoms along a dimensional perspective.
Voetnoten
1
8 participants older than 18 years were deleted because the YOCSS was developed for youth aged 12–18.
 
2
Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) [41]; Relative or normed Chi square: a value of ≤5 indicates an acceptable fit, ≤3 a good fit and ≤2 a very good fit (chi-square/degrees of freedom ratio; χ2/df) [4244]; the Root Mean Square of Error of Approximation often gives the most information about the fit, with values of ≤.10 pointing to an acceptable fit, values ≤.08 pointing to an approximate model fit, and values ≤.05 suggesting a good model fit (RMSEA) [45]; a Standardized root mean square residual of ≤.08 refers to a good model fit (SRMR) [46]; for the Comparative Fit Index (CFI) and the Tucker–Lewis Index (TLI), a value of ≥.90 suggests an adequate model fit [46].
 
3
Also in the mixed Sample 1, very stringent measurement invariance (shown by a non-significant p value of model 5) was found for community versus referred adolescents: χ2 = 101.99, df = 73, RMSEA = .05, SRMR = .09, CFI = .97, TLI = .97, χ²diff = 7.10, and p = .07.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Development and Validation of the Youth Obsessive–Compulsive Symptoms Scale (YOCSS)
Auteurs
Elien De Caluwé
Barbara De Clercq
Publicatiedatum
01-12-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 6/2014
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-013-0433-3

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