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24-08-2019 | ORIGINAL PAPER | Uitgave 11/2019

Mindfulness 11/2019

Development and Validation of an Age-Appropriate Self-Compassionate Reactions Scale for Children (SCRS-C)

Mindfulness > Uitgave 11/2019
Hui Zhou, Yuyin Wang, Junhao Ding, Yue Wang, Junhao Pan
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The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12671-019-01220-9) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Three studies were conducted to develop an age-appropriate scale to assess children’s self-compassionate reactions by using a vignette technique.


In Study 1, a scale employing vignette technique was developed first based on self-compassion theory and interview with children. Next, based on further item analysis with 161 children, two items were eliminated and three were modified to form the Self-Compassionate Reactions Scale for Children (SCRS-C), including 4 vignettes and 24 items. In Study 2, serial CFAs (N = 637) were conducted to investigate the structure, factorial invariance, and equivalence across gender of the SCRS-C. The reliability, convergent and discriminate validity, and concurrent validity were also examined. Study 3 explored the test-retest reliability of the scale over 6 weeks (N = 77).


A two second-order factor model (compassionate and uncompassionate reaction) with six first-order factors (self-kindness, common humanity, mindfulness, self-judgment, isolation, and over-identification) was found to best fit the data. In addition, the factorial invariance of the second-order factor structure across gender was verified, and the internal consistency reliability was satisfactory. The scale showed satisfactory convergent, discriminate and concurrent validity and test-retest reliability.


The SCRS-C shows promise as a reliable and valid scale of self-compassion suited for children aged 9–12 for both boys and girls.

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