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The purpose of the study was to identify quality of life (QoL) trajectory patterns and the determinants in patients with Type 2 diabetes (T2DM).
A longitudinal design was employed. Totally, 466 patients with T2DM recruited from five diabetic clinics in Taiwan were participants of this study. Demographic and disease characteristics, biomedical factors (HbA1c levels and body mass index), psychosocial factors (self-care behaviors, social support, resilience, diabetes distress), and QoL were collected at baseline. QoL was further measured every 6 months for four waves after baseline. Latent class growth analysis was used to identify QoL trajectory patterns. The multinomial logistic regression was further applied to explore the important determinants of different QoL trajectory patterns.
The “steadily poor” (n = 27, 5.8%), “consistently moderate” (n = 174, 37.3%), and “consistently good” (n = 265, 56.9%) trajectory patterns were identified. The HbA1c levels (OR 2.16) and diabetes distress (OR 1.18) were important for determining participants in the “steadily poor” QoL trajectory pattern. HbA1c levels (OR 1.25) and diabetes distress (OR 1.14) were important for determining participants in the “consistently moderate” QoL trajectory pattern.
To prevent development of relatively worse QoL trajectory patterns in patients with T2DM in a timelier manner, healthcare providers could regularly assess the QoL and provide intervention, especially for those with high HbA1c levels and high diabetes distress. Meanwhile, early intervention for decreasing HbA1c levels and diabetes distress may improve the trajectory development of QoL in patients with T2DM.
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- Determinants for quality of life trajectory patterns in patients with type 2 diabetes
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