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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2017

06-07-2017 | Letter to the Editor

Describing Function in ASD: Using the DSM-5 and Other Methods to Improve Precision

Auteurs: Vanessa H. Bal, Cristan Farmer, Audrey Thurm

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 9/2017

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Excerpt

Use of the term “low-functioning” in the autism spectrum disorder (ASD) literature dates to at least 1969 (Goldfarb et al. 1969), and the term “high autistic” was used as early as 1973 (DeMyer et al. 1973). These modifiers were often used to characterize children with ASD on the basis of characteristics not specific to ASD (e.g., IQ, language). A search on this Journal’s website, which like other autism journals lists “high/low functioning” as potential submission classifications, yielded 167 results for “high-functioning” and 49 for “low-functioning” in 2016 alone. Some self-advocates with ASD report that these terms are perceived as pejorative (Ortega 2009). The scientific problems with use of these terms are also concerning, but are less widely acknowledged. Here, we argue that the imprecision of this terminology hinders scientific progress, and we suggest that we turn to DSM-5 diagnostic criteria that include descriptive specifiers for a more precise, and appropriate, nomenclature. …
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Metagegevens
Titel
Describing Function in ASD: Using the DSM-5 and Other Methods to Improve Precision
Auteurs
Vanessa H. Bal
Cristan Farmer
Audrey Thurm
Publicatiedatum
06-07-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 9/2017
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-017-3204-3