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01-04-2015 | Original Article | Uitgave 2/2015

Child Psychiatry & Human Development 2/2015

Depressogenic Thinking and Shame Proneness in the Development of Internalizing Problems

Tijdschrift:
Child Psychiatry & Human Development > Uitgave 2/2015
Auteurs:
Rosemary S. L. Mills, Paul D. Hastings, Lisa A. Serbin, Dale M. Stack, John R. Z. Abela, Kimberley A. Arbeau, Debra I. K. Lall

Abstract

This study examined depressogenic thinking and shame proneness as factors in the development of internalizing problems in a longitudinal sample of 174 children (99 boys, 75 girls). At 7.6–9.4 years of age (Time 1), mothers assessed general internalizing problems in their children and depressogenic thinking, shame proneness, and anxiety were assessed by child self report. At 10.2–11.8 years of age (Time 2), mothers reassessed internalizing problems, and children reported their anxiety and depression. At 12.3–13.1 years of age (Time 3), children who had been high on any Time 2 measure of internalizing problems were selected for assessment of anxiety and depressive disorders. Depressogenic thinking and shame were significantly correlated and predicted subsequent problems. Depressogenic thinking predicted internalizing problems and anxious and depressive symptoms. Shame directly predicted boys’ depressive symptoms, and indirectly predicted boys’ general internalizing problems and girls’ social anxiety. Depressive disorders in early adolescence were predicted specifically by shame. Findings suggest that both shame and depressive thinking contribute to the development of children’s internalizing problems.

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